Shaopeng Gao

China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (2)3.88 Total impact

  • Xueling Dong, Dameng Liu, Shaopeng Gao
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    ABSTRACT: Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) belong to a group of substances associated with a high mutagenic and carcinogenic potential. This study reports that carcinogenic HAAs may be present in airborne particles. Airborne particles (PM10) were sampled from March 2005 to January 2006 at four urban sites in Beijing. Collected particulate matter was analyzed for six HAAs using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence and UV detection. Clear seasonal variations of HAAs were observed with seasonal mass concentrations ranging from 0.66 ± 0.20 ng m− 3 (summer) to 19.76 ± 14.38 ng m− 3 (autumn). The carcinogenic amino-imidazo-azaarenes, including 2-Amino-3-methyl-3H-imidazo[4,5-f] quinoline (IQ), 2-Amino-3,4-dimethyl-3H-imidazo[4,5-f] quinoline (MeIQ), and 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP), were the major components with 75.2–87.0% of the total HAAs during the whole year except for summer. 3-Amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[3,4-b] indole (Trp-P-2), 2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b] indole (AαC), and 2-Amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2,3-b] indole (MeAαC), with similar structures, were found to have similar seasonal patterns and strong correlations (r = 0.63–0.90) throughout the observation, which indicates that they most likely come from similar emission sources. Positive correlations between site-specific HAA concentrations and the relative humidity were observed. Of the different sites studied, the total HAA concentrations were most abundant at commercial sites and the smallest at residential sites. The combustion aerosols emitted from cooking, coal, and petroleum may be the sources of these carcinogens in the atmosphere, and cooking emissions may probably play an important role in Beijing's HAAs pollution.
    Atmospheric Research 02/2013; s 120–121:287–297. DOI:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.09.010 · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • Dameng Liu, Shaopeng Gao, Xianghua An
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 11 PM2.5 samples were collected from October 2003 to October 2004 at 8 sampling sites in Beijing city. The PM2.5 concentrations are all above the PM2.5 pollution standard (65 µg m−3) established by Environmental Protection Agency, USA (USEPA) in 1997 except for the Ming Tombs site. PM2.5 concentrations in winter are much higher than in summer. The 16 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) listed as priority pollutants by USEPA in PM2.5 were completely identified and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with variable wavelength detector (VWD) and fluorescence detector (FLD) employed. The PM2.5 concentrations indicate that the pollution situation is still serious in Beijing. The sum of 16 PAHs concentrations ranged from 22.17 to 5366 ng m−3. The concentrations of the heavier molecular weight PAHs have a different pollution trend from the lower PAHs. Seasonal variations were mainly attributed to the difference in coal combustion emission and meteorological conditions. The source apportionment analysis suggests that PAHs from PM2.5 in Beijing city mainly come from coal combustion and vehicle exhaust emission. New measures about restricting coal combustion and vehicle exhaust must be established as soon as possible to improve the air pollution situation in Beijing city.
    Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 03/2008; 25(2):297-305. DOI:10.1007/s00376-008-0297-9 · 1.46 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

6 Citations
3.88 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2013
    • China University of Geosciences (Beijing)
      • School of Energy Resources
      Peping, Beijing, China