N. Akino

Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Publications (4)19.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The XY model with quenched random disorder is studied numerically at T=0 by a defect scaling method as a model of a disordered superconductor. In 3D we find that, in the absence of screening, a vortex glass phase exists at low T for large disorder in 3D with stiffness exponent θ≈+0.31 and with finite screening and in 2D this phase does not exist. For weak disorder, a superconducting phase exists which we identify as a Bragg glass. In the presence of screened vortex–vortex interactions, the vortex glass does not exist but the Bragg glass does.
    Physica C Superconductivity 08/2004; 408:484-486. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    N. Akino, J. M. Kosterlitz
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    ABSTRACT: The XY model with quenched random disorder is studied by a zero temperature domain wall renormalization group method in 2D and 3D. Instead of the usual phase representation we use the charge (vortex) representation to compute the domain wall, or defect, energy. For the gauge glass corresponding to the maximum disorder we reconfirm earlier predictions that there is no ordered phase in 2D but an ordered phase can exist in 3D at low temperature. However, our simulations yield spin stiffness exponents $\theta_{s} \approx -0.36$ in 2D and $\theta_{s} \approx +0.31$ in 3D, which are considerably larger than previous estimates and strongly suggest that the lower critical dimension is less than three. For the $\pm J$ XY spin glass in 3D, we obtain a spin stiffness exponent $\theta_{s} \approx +0.10$ which supports the existence of spin glass order at finite temperature in contrast with previous estimates which obtain $\theta_{s}< 0$. Our method also allows us to study renormalization group flows of both the coupling constant and the disorder strength with length scale $L$. Our results are consistent with recent analytic and numerical studies suggesting the absence of a re-entrant transition in 2D at low temperature. Some possible consequences and connections with real vortex systems are discussed. Comment: 14 pages, 9 figures, revtex4
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 03/2002; · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    J. M. Kosterlitz, N. Akino
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    ABSTRACT: The XY model with quenched random phase shifts is studied by a T=0 finite size defect energy scaling method in 2d and 3d. The defect energy is defined by a change in the boundary conditions from those compatible with the true ground state configuration for a given realization of disorder. A numerical technique, which is exact in principle, is used to evaluate this energy and to estimate the stiffness exponent $\theta$. This method gives $\theta = -0.36\pm0.013$ in 2d and $\theta = +0.31\pm 0.015$ in 3d, which are considerably larger than previous estimates, strongly suggesting that the lower critical dimension is less than three. Some arguments in favor of these new estimates are given. Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, revtex. Submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett
    Physical Review Letters 06/1998; · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    J. M. Kosterlitz, N. Akino
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    ABSTRACT: The two dimensional XY spin glass is studied numerically by a finite size scaling method at T=0 in the vortex representation which allows us to compute the exact (in principle) spin and chiral domain wall energies. We confirm earlier predictions that there is no glass phase at any finite T. Our results strongly support the conjecture that both spin and chiral order have the same correlation length exponent $\nu \approx 2.70$. We obtain preliminary results in 3d. Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, revtex
    Physical Review Letters 06/1998; · 7.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

84 Citations
19.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002
    • Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
      • Institute of Physics
      Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
  • 1998
    • Brown University
      • Department of Physics
      Providence, Rhode Island, United States