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ABSTRACT: ObjectiveTo explore the characteristics of the primary ureteral carcinoma (PUC) and discuss the value of spiral CT (SCT) in the diagnosis of PUC. MethodsThe SCT findings of the primary ureteral carcinoma in 16 cases were analyzed and compared with the histopathological diagnosis and staging. ResultsThe transverse diameters of the lesions were 1.0–2.1 cm, and the longitudinal lengths were 1.5–15.2 cm. There were no statistically significant differences (P>0.1) in diameters and lengths among the low staging group (pT0–T2) and the high staging group (pT3–T4). The average CT value of the lesions was 43 HU on plain scanning, and 73 HU on CE scanning. The increment was 30 HU. The lesions were clearer on CE scanning. Curved planar reconstruction (CPR) could show the entire course of the urinary tract. Among 6 cases of pT3 stage, CT gave a correct diagnosis in 1 case. For 2 cases of pT4 stage, CT gave correct diagnoses in both cases. ConclusionThe carcinomatous lesions spread along the ureter. The longitudinal length of each lesion is longer than its transverse diameter. Tumor cannot be staged merely according to its diameter and length. CT is difficult to differentiate stage T0–T3, while for stage T4, CT diagnosis is accurate. Contrast enhancement CT scanning has the confirming and differentiating roles. CPR offers direct and easy observing images for clinical doctors.The Chinese-German Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2007; 6(1):80-84.
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ABSTRACT: ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to summarize the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with renal pelvis and ureteral carcinomas, and analyze the recurrence in the remaining urinary tract and metastasis outside the urinary tract after surgical treatment. MethodsThe patients’ characteristics, tumor stage and grade, recurrence and metastasis distribution were summarized by tables, respectively. Spearman rank test, Log-rank test, Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to make statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 63 patients with 30 men, 33 women, 30 renal pelvic tumors and 33 ureteral tumors was found. Seven had multifocal lesions. Fifty-four underwent surgical operation, which contained 49 cases of pathologically confirmed transitional cell carcinoma, 4 transitional cell carcinoma with squamous differentiation, and 1 squamous cell carcinoma. Tumor stage and grade had positive correlation. Among the 34 followed-up cases, 21 had no metastasis, 10 had metastasis, in which stage T3–4 groups accounted for 90%, and 5 developed tumor recurrences. The metastasis-free survivals had no significant difference between renal pelvic carcinoma and ureteral carcinoma, but had significant difference between high, middle and low stage groups, and between high and low grade groups. ConclusionThe incidence rates of the renal pelvic carcinoma and ureteral carcinoma is similar and no gender difference. Multifocal lesions can be seen in any stage and grade, but this is not necessarily a symbol of poor prognosis. The bladder recurrences is often seen in the cases with initially multifocal lesions or lesions in the middle or lower portion of the ureter. The prognosis is good after resection of the recurrence lesion. The prognosis get worse with the increasing stages and grades. Stage is the main factor to influence the survival. Metastasis outside the urinary tract is often seen in patients with high stage tumors. Key wordsrenal pelvis-ureter-carcinoma-prognosis-recurrence-metastasis-free survivalThe Chinese-German Journal of Clinical Oncology 9(2):79-85.