P Trillenberg

Universitätsklinikum Schleswig - Holstein, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

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Publications (48)147.39 Total impact

  • Wolfgang Heide, Peter Trillenberg
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    ABSTRACT: Smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) and saccades are the 2 basic modes of eye movements. SPEM have their optimal velocity range below 30°/s, much slower than saccades. They are needed for visual discrimination of moving objects, by adjusting eye velocity to target velocity. This requires an exact visuo-motor coordination by integrating visual feeedback (retinal image slip) and non-visual feedback (on eye position, eye velocity and the anticipation of target motion). Neuronally this is accomplished by a cortical projection system that combines visual motion signals from the occipito-temporal cortices with non-visual signals from parietal and frontal cortices towards a motor signal that is transmitted from the frontal eye fields to the pontine nuclei und the cerebellum. Lesions of these structures cause specific deficits of SPEM (direction-specific, retinotopic, omnidirectional). We systematically explain their topical diagnosis and clinical relevance.
    Das Neurophysiologie-Labor 08/2013; 35(s 2–3):98–108.
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    ABSTRACT: Dizziness is one of the most common complaints in Germany which leads to medical consultation. Diagnosis is based on patient history, clinical examination and laboratory tests. In order to find or exclude a vestibular lesion, methods such as caloric irrigation, rotational chair tests or vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials were previously applied. Recently, a new diagnostic tool has been made available for application in daily practice: the video head impulse test (vHIT). Due to the easy and fast application for the examiner, good tolerance by the patient and high sensitivity for vestibular lesions, the vHIT has the potential to improve the diagnosis and therapy of patients suffering from vertigo in widespread medical care in Germany. This article reports on experiences with this new method after examination of over1,500 patients in the academic vertigo centre in Lübeck. The principles and application of the vHIT in daily clinical routine are described and the many advantages but also some pitfalls are highlighted. As a consequence of a wider clinical use it is expected that the vHIT will lead to an increased detection of vestibular dysfunctions not only in clinically suspected vestibular diseases but also in other common neurological diseases (e.g. polyneuropathy or cerebellar ataxia). This may change the prevalence of different vestibular diseases, broaden knowledge about other common diseases with gait imbalance as the leading symptom and provide a quantitative measure that can be used to longitudinally assess the effects of therapeutic interventions.
    Der Nervenarzt 07/2013; · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Neurological and psychiatric disorders show clinical overlap suggesting a shared pathophysiological background. We evaluated myoclonus-dystonia, a monogenic movement disorder as a disease model for inherited psychopathology. METHOD: We investigated 12 SGCE mutation carriers using standardized neurological and psychiatric examinations to assign DSM-IV diagnoses. Furthermore, we analyzed all studies in the Medline database which included psychiatric information on SGCE mutation-positive patients. RESULTS: Of our twelve SGCE mutation carriers, 10 were older than 16 years. Two of them (20%) reported psychiatric diagnoses before our examination, which resulted in at least one psychiatric diagnosis in seven (70%) patients, most frequently anxiety (60%), depression (30%) or both. Substance abuse was observed in 20%, whereas obsessive-compulsive disorders were absent. One mutation carrier showed Axis 2 features. In the literature analysis, the ten studies using standardized tools covering DSM-IV criteria reported prevalences similar to those in our sample. This was three times the frequency of psychiatric disorders detected in 13 studies using clinical history or patient report only. CONCLUSION: About two thirds of SGCE mutation carriers develop psychiatric comorbidity and >80% are previously undiagnosed.
    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 01/2013; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence exists that modulation of neuronal activity in nucleus accumbens shell region may re-establish normal function in various neuropsychiatric conditions such as drug-withdrawal, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression and chronic pain. Here, we study the effects of acute repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on monoamine outflow in the nucleus accumbens shell in awake and freely moving rats using in vivo microdialysis. To scale the biochemical results to the induced electric field in the rat brain, we obtained a realistic simulation of the stimulation scenario using a finite element model. Applying 20 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in 6 trains of 50 stimuli with 280 μs pulse width at a magnetic field strength of 130% of the individual motor threshold, dopamine as well as serotonin outflow in the nucleus accumbens shell significantly increased compared to sham stimulation. Since the electric field decays rapidly with depth in the rat brain, we can conclude that the modulation in neurotransmitter outflow from the nucleus accumbens shell is presumably a remote effect of cortical stimulation.
    Neuropharmacology 07/2012; 63(5):898-904. · 4.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have difficulties in the control of self-guided (i.e., internally driven) movements. The basal ganglia provide a nonspecific internal cue for the development of a preparatory activity for a given movement in the sequence of repetitive movements. Controversy surrounds the question of whether PD patients are capable of (1) anticipating (before an external trigger appears; i.e., anticipation) and (2) predicting movement velocity once a moving target shortly disappears from the visual scene (i.e., prediction). To dissociate between these two components, we examined internally driven (extraretinal generated) smooth pursuit eye movements in PD patients and age-matched healthy controls by systematically varying target blanking periods of a trapezoidally moving target in four paradigms (initial blanking, midramp blanking, blanking after a short ramp, and no blanking). Compared to controls, PD patients showed (1) decreased smooth pursuit gain (without blanking), (2) deficient anticipatory pursuit (prolonged pursuit initiation latency; reduced eye velocity before target onset in the early onset blanking paradigm), and (3) preserved extraretinal predictive pursuit velocity (midramp target blanking). Deficient anticipation of future target motion was not related to either disease duration or the general motor impairment (UPDRS). We conclude that PD patients have difficulties in anticipating future target motion, which may play a role for the mechanisms involved in deficient gait initiation and termination of PD. In contrast, they remain unimpaired in their capacity of building up an internal representation of continuous target motion. This may explain the clinical advantage of medical devices that use visual motion to improve gait initiation (e.g., "PD glasses").
    Movement Disorders 06/2012; 27(8):1012-8. · 5.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alterations in sensorimotor processing and predictive mechanisms have both been proposed as the primary cause of eye tracking deficits in schizophrenia. 20 schizophrenia patients and 20 healthy controls were assessed on blocks of predictably moving visual targets at constant speeds of 10, 15 or 30°/s. To assess internal drive to the eye movement system based on predictions about the ongoing target movement, targets were blanked off for either 666 or 1,000 ms during the ongoing pursuit movement in additional conditions. Main parameters of interest were eye deceleration after extinction of the visual target and residual eye velocity during blanking intervals. Eye deceleration after target extinction, reflecting persistence of predictive signals, was slower in patients than in controls, implying greater rather than diminished utilization of predictive mechanisms for pursuit in schizophrenia. Further, residual gain was not impaired in patients indicating a basic integrity of internal predictive models. Pursuit velocity gain in patients was reduced in all conditions with visible targets replicating previous findings about a sensorimotor transformation deficit in schizophrenia. A pattern of slower eye deceleration and unimpaired residual gain during blanking intervals implies greater adherence to top-down predictive models for pursuit tracking in schizophrenia. This suggests that predictive modeling is relatively intact in schizophrenia and that the primary cause of abnormal visual pursuit is impaired sensorimotor transformation of the retinal error signal needed for the maintenance of accurate visually driven pursuit. This implies that disruption in extrastriate and sensorimotor systems rather than frontostriatal predictive mechanisms may underlie this widely reported endophenotypes for schizophrenia.
    European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 05/2012; · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Externally guided sensory-motor processes deteriorate with increasing age. Internally guided, for example, predictive, behavior usually helps to overcome sensory-motor delays. We studied whether predictive components of visuomotor transformation decline with age. We investigated smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) of 45 healthy subjects with paradigms of different degrees of predictability with respect to target motion onset, type (smoothed triangular, ramp stimulation), and direction by blanking the target at various intervals of the ramp stimulation. Using repetitive trials of SPEM stimulation, we could dissociate anticipatory and predictive components of extraretinal smooth pursuit behavior. The main results suggest that basic motor parameters decline with increasing age, whereas both anticipation and prediction of target motion did not change with age. We suggest that the elderly maintain their capability of using prediction in the immediate control of motor behavior, which might be a way to compensate for age-related delays in sensory-motor transformation, even in the absence of sensory signals.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 09/2011; 1233:168-76. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombolysis is a dynamic and time-dependent process influenced by the haemodynamic conditions. Currently there is no model that allows for time-continuous, non-contact measurements under physiological flow conditions. The aim of this work was to introduce such a model. The model is based on a computer-controlled pump providing variable constant or pulsatile flows in a tube system filled with blood substitute. Clots can be fixed in a custom-built clot carrier within the tube system. The pressure decline at the clot carrier is measured as a novel way to measure lysis of the clot. With different experiments the hydrodynamic properties and reliability of the model were analyzed. Finally, the lysis rate of clots generated from human platelet rich plasma (PRP) was measured during a one hour combined application of diagnostic ultrasound (2 MHz, 0.179 W/cm2) and a thrombolytic agent (rt-PA) as it is commonly used for clinical sonothrombolysis treatments. All hydrodynamic parameters can be adjusted and measured with high accuracy. First experiments with sonothrombolysis demonstrated the feasibility of the model despite low lysis rates. The model allows to adjust accurately all hydrodynamic parameters affecting thrombolysis under physiological flow conditions and for non-contact, time-continuous measurements. Low lysis rates of first sonothrombolysis experiments are primarily attributable to the high stability of the used PRP-clots.
    BMC Neurology 05/2011; 11:58. · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • Movement Disorders 04/2011; 26(10):1959-60. · 5.63 Impact Factor
  • Peter Trillenberg, Andreas Sprenger
    Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 11/2010; 121(11):1969-71. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    Clinical Genetics 03/2010; 77(3):302-3. · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • Klinische Neurophysiologie 03/2009; 40(01):24-29. · 0.33 Impact Factor
  • P Trillenberg, A Hagenow, M Shelhamer
    Klinische Neurophysiologie 03/2009; 40(01). · 0.33 Impact Factor
  • Rebekka Lencer, Peter Trillenberg
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    ABSTRACT: Smooth pursuit eye movements enable us to focus our eyes on moving objects by utilizing well-established mechanisms of visual motion processing, sensorimotor transformation and cognition. Novel smooth pursuit tasks and quantitative measurement techniques can help unravel the different smooth pursuit components and complex neural systems involved in its control. The maintenance of smooth pursuit is driven by a combination of the prediction of target velocity and visual feedback about performance quality, thus a combination of retinal and extraretinal information that has to be integrated in various networks. Different models of smooth pursuit with specific in- and output parameters have been developed for a better understanding of the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms and to make quantitative predictions that can be tested in experiments. Functional brain imaging and neurophysiological studies have defined motion sensitive visual area V5, frontal (FEF) and supplementary (SEF) eye fields as core cortical smooth pursuit regions. In addition, a dense neural network is involved in the adjustment of an optimal smooth pursuit response by integrating also extraretinal information. These networks facilitate interaction of the smooth pursuit system with multiple other visual and non-visual sensorimotor systems on the cortical and subcortical level. Future studies with fMRI advanced techniques (e.g., event-related fMRI) promise to provide an insight into how smooth pursuit eye movements are linked to specific brain activation. Applying this approach to neurological and also mental illness can reveal distinct disturbances within neural networks being present in these disorders and also the impact of medication on this circuitry.
    Brain and Cognition 11/2008; 68(3):219-28. · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Neurology 09/2007; 254(8):1126-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • P Trillenberg, J Eggers, J Steffen, G Seidel
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    ABSTRACT: Visually evoked flow characterises the relative changes of blood flow velocity in the posterior cerebral artery in response to visual stimulation. The present study is the first to address the reliability of model fitting to evoked flow responses, rigorously defined by Cronbach's alpha. We fitted two models to the evoked flow responses recorded from 19 subjects on two different days. Model 1 characterises a harmonic oscillator with frequency omega and damping coefficient xi which (after a delay DeltaT) is driven from zero towards a new equilibrium K by an impulse with magnitude T. Model 2 is the sum of a first order system subjected to a step and a transient smoothed pulse, both again delayed by DeltaT. Model 1 exhibited slightly smaller fit errors and convergence was less dependent on starting values for the parameters. As judged from the residual noise in the evoked flow response, there was no clear indication of sustained oscillations characterising model 1 exclusively. Both models showed considerable retest errors. Nonetheless, Cronbach's alpha was significant for K and omega, and highest for K. Retest errors were considerable, particularly so for the damping coefficient xi and impulse magnitude T. A physiological interpretation of these parameters is limited by our findings.
    Ultraschall in der Medizin 04/2007; 29(6):611-7. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is essential for the integration of visuomotor information during visually guided reaching. Studies in macaque monkeys have demonstrated a functional specialisation around the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) with a more medial representation of hand movements ("parietal reach region") and a more lateral representation of saccadic eye movements (lateral intraparietal area, LIP). Here we present evidence for the validity of this concept with respect to the human parietal cortex. We recorded isolated and combined goal-directed eye-hand movements in normal control subjects and in a patient with bilateral parieto-occipital lesions and incomplete Balint's syndrome including severe optic ataxia (misreaching to visual targets). Brain lesions in the patient were caused by acute posterior leucoencephalopathy in association with aortic surgery because of Takayasu's arteritis. MRI scans showed bilateral line-shaped hemorrhagic lesions, restricted to the cortex at the medial banks of the intraparietal sulcus, but leaving its lateral banks largely intact. In the patient visually guided reaching was significantly dysmetric, whereas the metrics of visually guided saccades were within normal limits. Dysmetria was more pronounced for the right visual field, with a gross hypermetria. Variability of the movement improved when a delay of 5 or 10 s was introduced between target presentation and movement execution. Lesion data support the concept of a functional specialisation around the human IPS: The cortex medial to the IPS predominantly controls rapid goal-directed reaching movements, comparable to the parietal reach region in monkeys, whereas saccadic eye movements appear to be controlled rather by the cortex lateral to the IPS.
    NeuroImage 02/2007; 36 Suppl 2:T69-76. · 6.25 Impact Factor
  • P Trillenberg, C Helmchen, A Moser
    Klinische Neurophysiologie - KLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 01/2007; 38(01).
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    ABSTRACT: In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a dysfunction of neuronal circuits involving prefrontal areas and the basal ganglia is discussed that implies specific oculomotor deficits. Performance during reflexive and predictive saccades, antisaccades and predictive smooth pursuit was compared between patients with OCD (n=22), patients with schizophrenia (n=21) and healthy subjects (n=24). Eye movements were recorded by infrared reflection oculography. In both patient groups, higher frequencies of anticipatory saccades with reduced amplitudes in the predictive saccade task were observed. Additionally, reduced smooth pursuit eye velocity and increased frequencies of saccadic intrusions during smooth pursuit as well as increased error rates in the antisaccade task were demonstrated for patients suffering from schizophrenia. Patients with OCD and schizophrenia revealed different patterns of oculomotor impairment: whereas increased anticipation of predictive saccades provides evidence for a dysfunction of the circuit between the frontal eye field and the basal ganglia in both groups, results from the antisaccade task imply additional deficits involving the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenic patients. Furthermore, the cortical network for smooth pursuit (especially the frontal eye field) is also assumed to be disturbed in schizophrenia.
    Psychiatry Research 07/2006; 143(1):77-88. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated a five-year-old girl suffering from genetically confirmed, action-induced myoclonus-dystonia (M-D) with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We compared the activation pattern by movements of her right hand as if drawing a picture, which elicited M-D, with simple snapping movements (without overt M-D). The drawing and snapping conditions resulted in activation of a motor network including the motor cortex, the putamen, and the cerebellar hemispheres. The direct comparison of the drawing condition with snapping as control revealed specific activations within the thalamus and the dentate nucleus. An age matched healthy control did not show significant activation within the thalamus or dentate nucleus.
    Neuropediatrics 05/2006; 37(2):79-82. · 1.19 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

538 Citations
147.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2013
    • Universitätsklinikum Schleswig - Holstein
      • Klinik für Neurologie (Kiel)
      Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
  • 1997–2012
    • Universität zu Lübeck
      • • Institute of Human Genetics
      • • Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie
      • • Klinik für Neurologie
      Lübeck Hansestadt, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
  • 2004–2007
    • University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein
      Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany