ABSTRACT: A transformation system was developed for the commercial apple (Malus X domestica Borkh.) cultivar Royal Gala. Leaf pieces from in vitro-grown shoots were cocultivated for 2 days with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 containing the binary vectors pKIWI105 or pKIWI110. Shoots were produced on a shooting medium containing kanamycin (50 mgL–1). A 2-day incubation period on kanamycin-free medium prior to antibiotic selection enhanced the regeneration of kanamycin-resistant shoots. The majority of the kanamycin-resistant shoots also expressed GUS (-glucuronidase) activity. The putatively transformed shoots were rooted on a medium containing kanamycin (50 mgL–1). Rooted plants were established in a greenhouse, and plants transformed with pKIWI110, which contains a mutant Arabidopsis acetolactate synthase gene, were shown to be resistant to the herbicide Glean. Integration of T-DNA into the apple genome was confirmed by PCR and Southern hybridization analyses.
Plant Cell Reports 01/1995; 14(7):407-412. · 2.27 Impact Factor