Vladimír Beneš

Charles University in Prague, Praha, Hlavni mesto Praha, Czech Republic

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Publications (16)13.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study is to present the technique of pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) of the seventh cervical vertebra (C7) for correction of rigid kyphotic deformity of the cervicothoracic junction (C/Th) in patients with severe ankylosing spondylitis (AS).. MATERIAL AnD METHODS The PSO technique for correction of rigid deformity of the C/Th spine was used in fie patients with the aim to restore their ability of horizontal vision. The follow-up in all patients lasted two years at least. Clinical assessment of treatment results was based on the patients' neurological status and their satisfaction with the correction achieved. Improvement in a vertical 2) line of sight was evaluated using the angle measured between the forehead-chin line and the vertical (FCv angle) in a lateral view photograph of the standing patient. The achieved correction of kyphotic deformity was assessed by comparing the pre-operative Cobb's angle between the second cervical and the fourth thoracic vertebra with the post-operative one. RESULTS The average operative time was 4 hours (range, 3.5 to 5 h). The average blood loss was 1600 ml (range, 800 to 2100 ml). On the average, the FCv angle was reduced by 45.2° and Cobb's angle was corrected) by 54.6°. All patients were satisfid with the degree of correction achieved and reported alleviation of neck pain. none of the patients showed any signifiant loss of correction or neurological deterioration at two-year follow-up. DISCUSSIOn The theoretical and technical principles of corrective osteotomy at the C7 level performed for rigid kyphotic deformity of the spine at the C/Th junction are presented in our group of patients. Our results give support to the superiority of instrumented PSO used currently over the previous techniques. In accordance with the relevant literature data, attention is drawn to a relatively higher risk of this procedure in comparison with corrective surgery performed at the other spinal levels. COnCLUSIOnS Corrective osteotomy of a rigid kyphotic deformity at the C/Th spine level in AS patients involves a complex reconstructive surgical procedure. The PSO technique reduces the risk of injury to the visceral structures ventral to the spine, and provides optimal conditions for bone healing at the site of vertebral body resection. If the patient heals well, a successful PSO procedure will markedly improve the quality of his/her life. Key words: corrective osteotomy, cervicothoracic, kyphosis, ankylosing spondylitis.
    Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 01/2014; 81(5):317-22. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Various approaches have been described and used for operating on lesions in the orbit. The approach selection is based on the pathology in the orbit and its exact location. This study was performed to evaluate the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for orbital lesions and application of intraoperative MRI (iMRI). METHODS: Since 2006, the present authors have performed 614 endoscopic endonasal procedures. iMRI was used in 409 of these cases. Three orbital lesions approached via the endonasal route with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were analysed. RESULTS: EEA was used in one case of intraconal cavernoma, one extraconal cavernoma and one solitary fibrous tumour in the orbit. The lesion was located medially to the optic nerve in all cases. Radical resection was achieved and the patient's vision was improved in two cases with a preoperative visual field deficit. iMRI was useful in two cases. In one case intraoperative MRI helped to find an intraconal lesion; in the other case iMRI led to evacuation of haemostatic material and blood, which was causing compression in the orbit. CONCLUSIONS: The EEA should be considered whenever a lesion in the orbit is located medially to the optic nerve. Excellent results were achieved. iMRI proved useful in selected cases.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 12/2012; · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bobble-head doll syndrome (BHDS) is a complex syndrome with the dominant symptom of repetitive anteroposterior head movement. Only 57 patients are quoted in the literature. The etiology of this syndrome remains unknown and no standard treatment has yet been established. We hereby report four cases treated at our department. All the patients presented a psychomotor retardation due to an obstructive hydrocephalus. All the patients were treated using neuroendoscopic techniques: two with ventriculocystostomy, and two with ventriculocystocisternostomy. Cyst decompression was achieved in all four cases and clinical recovery was evident in three of the four patients observed. After surgery, BHDS persisted longer the more the subsequent treatment was delayed. In this article, we provide a concise overview of the theories of pathogenesis, presentation, and management of this syndrome. Based on our own experience, we state that the method of choice should be the neuroendoscopy and this must be performed promptly after diagnosis is made.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 08/2012; 154(11):2043-9. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: From the histological point of view, most meningiomas are benign tumours. Nevertheless, their recurrence is quite frequent, and identifying the risk factors for recurrent disease is of utmost importance.Material and methods: Prospective study, patients operated on in the period 2/2008-9/2009. Inclusion criteria for enrolment into the study: age 18-70 years, good health status, and previously untreated solitary intracranial meningioma. Evaluation of clinical, surgical, MRI findings and vascular endothelial growth factor serum levels (prior to procedure, 3 months after, 12 months after, 24 months after procedure and at the time of the last follow-up in 11/2011) was performed. Immunohistochemical analysis of histological samples was carried out. Further treatment (wait and see, redo surgery, treatment with radiation using the Leksell Gamma Knife, external radiotherapy) was recorded in case of a positive follow-up MRI finding (recurrent disease, progression of residual tumour).Results: A total of 50 consecutive patients (34 women and 16 men) were included into the study. Average age at the time of surgery was 59.2 years (range 27-75 years). Radical resection with no residual tumour left was achieved in 35 cases. Histological analysis showed grade I meningioma in 45 cases and grade II (atypical) meningioma in 5 cases. Correlation between E-cadherin expression and recurrent meningioma was proved by immunohistochemical examinations; in the remaining investigations, however, such a correlation was not found. No correlation was detected between the serum vascular endothelial growth factor level and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in immunohistochemical investigation. A correlation was found between the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in immunohistochemical investigation and peritumoural oedema. The tumour recurred in 5 cases.Conclusions: On the basis of our results as well as literature findings we can conclude that all the patients after meningioma surgery need to be carefully followed for the rest of their life by repeated MRI invetigations. Key words: meningioma - recurrence - risk factors.
    Rozhledy v chirurgii: měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti 06/2012; 91(6):322-6.
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    Svatopluk Ostrý, David Netuka, Vladimír Beneš
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    ABSTRACT: The resection of convexity meningiomas should harbour a low rate of morbidity. Functional preservation should be the main goal of surgery and have higher priority over radicality. Involvement of the primary motor cortex (PMC) increases surgical risk. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of cortical mapping on surgical morbidity after rolandic area meningioma treatment. From January 2005 to March 2011, 42 patients were operated on for rolandic meningioma involving or compressing the PMC. The cohort consisted of 25 (59.5%) convexity, 10 (23.8%) parasagittal and 7 (16.7%) falcine meningiomas. Four patients were treated for recurrent disease and 25 (59.5%). Intraoperative cortical mapping was used to identify location of PMC. The threshold stimulation current was set at every site of cortical monopolar anodal stimulation around the tumour and at the tumour-cortex junction repeatedly during the meningioma dissection. Radical resection (Simpson 1 and 2) was achieved in 30 patients (71.4%) and partial resection (Simpson 4) in 12 (28.6%). New permanent deficit occurred in three patients (7.1%). All patients had moderate preoperative deficit (muscle strength ≤ 3). WHO-I was in 28 cases (66.7%), WHO-II in 14 cases (33.3%). Average follow-up was 33.2 months. Five patients (11.9%) suffered from recurrence after an average of 23.8 months. Rolandic area meningiomas should be classified as a higher risk group. Intraoperative cortical mapping is in our experience useful in a situation when the cleavage plane at the PMC is lost. In such a scenario, resection outside the PMC is radical and only at the PMC is a thin remnant left without cortical damage, which helps to be safer with a better long-term prognosis.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 03/2012; 154(5):843-53. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective study investigated whether surgery or endovascular treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) affects cognitive functions. Four neuropsychological variables from an Auditory Verbal Learning Test (overall capacity of verbal memory and delayed recall) and a Trail Making Test (psychomotor speed and cognitive flexibility) were investigated before and 1 year after treatment for UIAs in 65 patients < 61 years of age. This cohort consists of 15 men and 50 women aged 15-60 (mean age 44.9) years. Group-rate analysis showed a non-significant increase in post-treatment scores in the four neuropsychological variables. In addition, no significant differences were found between the surgical clipping (SC) and endovascular coiling (EC) group. Event-rate analysis demonstrated that two patients from the EC and one from the SC group developed cognitive impairment after treatment. Surgical and endovascular repair for UIAs do not impair cognition in patients without postoperative restrictions in lifestyle.
    British Journal of Neurosurgery 01/2012; 26(4):514-6. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Verbal memory is an essential cognitive ability with scope for adequate treatment of information and for orientation in everyday life. Our study is centered on memory performance in the wake of treatment for ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Three psychological tests were performed: (1) within a month of the neurosurgical intervention, (2) 1 year and (3) 5-7 years after the ruptured aneurysm treatment. Under comparison are the overall results of tests for verbal memory capacity in a cohort of patients (N = 59) and in the control group. Three post-treatment measurements revealed a persistent deficit of verbal memory. The cohort's average performance improved from -1.3 SD (standard deviation) below the average of the norm to -0.5 SD below the norm at the second test 1 year after treatment, while at the third test the deficit had worsened to -0.68 SD. Similarly, testing for long-term recovery at 5-7 years postoperatively showed the patients' performances to be 2/3 SD below the average of the general population. The results of the study imply the need for long-term rehabilitation of memory in this particular group of patients.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 12/2011; 154(3):417-22. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to describe the feasibility of performing intraoperative MR imaging in patients with spinal cord lesions and the potential value of this technique. The authors report a case involving a 28-year-old man who presented with chronic cervical pain and pain along the ulnar side of the forearms during neck flexion. Findings on clinical examination were normal, but MR imaging revealed a multicystic cervical spinal cord lesion. Surgery was undertaken to open the cysts, evacuate old blood, and search for pathological tissue. Intraoperative MR imaging showed that the caudal cyst was not opened, and surgery was therefore continued. The caudal cyst was fenestrated and a suspected small cavernous malformation was removed. Electrophysiological monitoring was performed both before and after the intraoperative MR imaging. The use of intraoperative MR imaging changed the strategy of the procedure and helped the surgeon to safely enter all the cysts in the cervical cord.
    Journal of neurosurgery. Spine 03/2011; 14(6):754-7. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The 3T ioMRI in Prague is composed of two independent suites: the operating theatre and the 3T MR suite, both of which can and do work independently. They are connected by a double door and a special transportation system. The whole operating table is moved on rails to and from the MR gantry. Anaesthesiological equipment is built from paramagnetic material, which is also moved to and from the MR suite. The integral parts of the multifunctional surgical suite (MFSS) are the neuronavigation system, electrophysiological monitoring, surgical microscope with availability of indocyanin green angiography and fluorescence-guided glioma resection technique and endoscopy equipment. The operating theatre is equipped in a normal fashion with the exception of a head holder that is paramagnetic. MR radiologist and MR assistants are alerted approximately 30 min before the requested intraoperative and out-patient service is interrupted to clean the MR suite. The ioMRI takes 15-20 min and immediately after the door closes the out patient activity is resumed. Intraoperative MR was performed in 332 surgeries in the first 17 months of operation. The most frequent indications were pituitary adenomas, followed by gliomas. Other indications were less frequent and included meningiomas, cavernomas, aneurysms, epilepsy surgery, intramedullary lesions, non-pituitary sellar lesions, metastases and various other surgeries. In 332 cases no technical or medical complication connected with ioMRI was encountered.
    Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 01/2011; 109:145-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A multifunctional surgical suite with intraoperative 3.0 T MRI (ioMRI) has been operating at the Central Military Hospital, Prague since April 2008. Our experiences over the past year and the effect of ioMRI on the extent of pituitary adenoma resection are evaluated. Eighty-six pituitary adenoma resections were performed in 85 patients with ioMRI in the first year of the ioMRI service. Pituitary adenoma suprasellar extension was present in 60 cases, invasion into cavernous sinus in 49 cases, and retrosellar growth in one case. The surgical goal was set before surgery: either a radical resection (49 cases) or a partial resection (37 cases). In the group of patients where a decision for a radical resection was taken the results are as follows: ioMRI confirmed radical resection in 69.4% of the cases; ioMRI disclosed unexpected adenoma residuum and further resection led to radical resection in 22.4%. In the group of patients where a decision for a partial resection was taken, the results are as follows: no further resection was perfomed after ioMRI in 51.3% of the cases and further resection was performed after ioMRI in 48.7% of the cases. ioMRI seems to be a valuable tool to increase the extent of pituitary adenoma resection.
    Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 01/2011; 109:157-9.
  • Skull Base Surgery 04/2009; 19(01). · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • Vladimír Beneš, František Charvát, Ondrej Bradác
    Skull Base Surgery 04/2009; 19(01). · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • Skull Base-an Interdisciplinary Approach - SKULL BASE-AN INTERDISCIP APP. 01/2009; 19(01).
  • XXIX International Congress of Psychology, July 20-25, 2008 Berlin – Germany., Berlin – Germany; 07/2008
  • V. Beneš, V. Masopust
    Skull Base Surgery 01/2007; 17. · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • D. Netuka, V. Masopust, V. Beneš
    Skull Base Surgery 01/2007; 17. · 0.72 Impact Factor