O Sidorkina

Moscow State Textile University, Moskva, Moscow, Russia

Are you O Sidorkina?

Claim your profile

Publications (18)72.86 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) family of nuclear enzymes is involved in the detection and signaling of single strand breaks induced either directly by ionizing radiation or indirectly by the sequential action of various DNA repair proteins. Therefore, PARP plays an important role in maintaining genome stability. Because PARP proteins contain two zinc finger motifs, these enzymes can be targets for reactive nitrogen oxide intermediates (RNOS) generated as a result of nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis in an aerobic environment. The effects of RNOS on the activity of purified PARP were examined using donor compounds. Both NO and nitroxyl (HNO) donors were found to be inhibitory in a similar time and concentration manner, indicating that PARP activity can be modified under both nitrosative and oxidative conditions. Moreover, these RNOS donors elicited comparable PARP inhibition in Sf21 insect cell extract and intact human MCF-7 cancer cells. The concentrations of donor required for 90% inhibition of PARP activity produce RNOS at a similar magnitude to those generated in the cellular microenvironment of activated leukocytes, suggesting that cellular scavenging of RNOS may not be protective against PARP modification and that inhibition of PARP may be significant under inflammatory conditions.
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine 01/2004; 35(11):1431-8. · 5.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Specific contacts between DNA phosphate groups and positively charged nucleophilic amino acids from the Escherichia coli Fpg protein play a significant role in DNA-Fpg protein interaction. In order to identify these phosphate groups the chemical crosslinking procedure was carried out. The probing of the Fpg protein active center was performed using a series of reactive DNA duplexes containing both a single 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanosine (oxoG) residue and O-alkyl-substituted pyrophosphate internucleotide groups at the same time. Reactive internucleotide groups were introduced in dsDNA immediately 5' or 3' to the oxidative lesion and one or two nucleotides 5' or 3' away from it. We showed that the Fpg protein specifically binds to the modified DNA duplexes. The binding efficiency varied with the position of the reactive group and was higher for the duplexes containing substituted pyrophosphate groups at the ends of pentanucleotide with the oxoG in the center. The nicking efficiency of the DNA duplexes containing the reactive groups one or two nucleotides 5' away from the lesion was higher as compared to non-modified DNA duplex bearing only the oxidative damage. We found two novel non-hydrolizable substrate analogs for the Fpg protein containing pyrophosphate and substituted pyrophosphate groups 3' adjacent to the oxoG. Using crosslinking, we revealed the phosphate groups, 3' and 5' adjacent to the lesion, which have specific contacts with nucleophilic amino acids from the E. coli Fpg protein active center. The crosslinking efficiency achieved 30%. The approaches developed can be employed in the studies of pro- and eucaryotic homologs of the E. coli Fpg protein as well as other repair enzymes.
    Biochimie 06/2003; 85(5):511-9. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxygen free radicals have been hypothesized to play an important role in the process of aging. To investigate the correlation between oxidative stress and accumulation of DNA damage we determined age-dependent levels of activities eliminating 8-oxoguanine, hypoxanthine and uracil from DNA in liver cells from OXYS rats, which are characterized by inherited overgeneration of free radicals, in comparison with those of control Wistar rats. A pronounced difference in the specificity of mitochondrial and nuclear 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase/AP lyase activities were revealed in both cases. Our results suggest the induction of an 8-oxoG-, uracil- and hypoxanthine-specific repair pathway with age in both types of rats. The levels of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase/AP lyase activities in nuclear extracts from both strains of rats are comparable and approximately tenfold higher than in mitochondrial extracts. On the contrary, 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase/AP lyase activity in OXYS mitochondrial extracts was remarkably higher than that from old Wistar rats, and a significant increase of this activity occurs earlier in OXYS than in Wistar rats. Our results are consistent with the shorter life-span of OXYS rats, and with the mitochondrial theory of aging, which postulates that the accumulation of DNA damage in mitochondrial genomes leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and accelerates the process of aging.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 02/2003; 9(1):BR16-24. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Escherichia coli Fpg protein is involved in the repair of oxidized purines, including the highly mutagenic 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG). The Fpg protein also excises various oxidized pyrimidines with high efficiency. We examined, by targeted mutagenesis, the role of two highly conserved amino acid residues, proline 2 (P2) and lysine 57 (K57), on the catalytic activities of the Fpg protein toward a ring-fragmentation product of thymine (alpha RT) and 5,6-dihydrothymine (dHT). The following E. coli mutant Fpg proteins were investigated: lysine 57 --> glycine (FpgK57G), proline 2 --> glycine (FpgP2G), and proline 2 --> glutamic acid (FpgP2E). The FpgK57G protein had barely detectable alpha RT and dHT-DNA glycosylase activities and produced minute amounts of a Schiff-base complex upon reaction with alpha RT containing DNA. In contrast, the activity of an FpgP2G mutant toward alpha RT was comparable to the wild type activity and produced a Schiff-base complex with this substrate. FpgP2E was completely inactive in all the assays, in contrast, to the other mutants. The crystal structure of a homologous Fpg protein from an extreme thermophile, Thermus thermophilus HB8, reveals that it is composed of two distinct domains connected by a flexible hinge (Sugahara et al. [2000]: EMBO J 19:3857-3869). The N-terminal proline, one primary residue for enzymatic catalysis, is positioned at the bottom of a cleft in close proximity to lysine 52 (analogous to K57 of the E. coli Fpg). Based on the biochemical assays, together with the crystal structure of T. thermophilus HB8 Fpg protein, we propose a two-nucleophile model for the enzymatic catalysis.
    Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 02/2002; 39(1):10-7. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thermal stability of Escherichia coli Fpg protein was studied using far-UV circular dichroism and intrinsic fluorescence. Experimental data indicate that Fpg irreversibly aggregates under heating above 35°C. Heat aggregation is preceded by tertiary conformational changes of Fpg. However, the secondary structure of the fraction that does not aggregate remains unchanged up to ∼60°C. The kinetics of heat aggregation occurs with an activation enthalpy of ∼21 kcal/mol. The fraction of monomers forming aggregates decreases with increasing urea concentration, with essentially no aggregation observed above ∼3 M urea, suggesting that heat aggregation results from hydrophobic association of partially unfolded proteins. With increasing urea concentration, Fpg unfolds in a two-state reversible transition, with a stability of ∼3.6 kcal/mol at 25°C. An excellent correlation is observed between the unfolded fraction and loss of activity of Fpg. A simple kinetic scheme that describes both the rates and the extent of aggregation at each temperature is presented.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2001; · 2.41 Impact Factor
  • O Sidorkina, M Dizdaroglu, J Laval
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The formamidopyrimidine N-DNA glycosylase (Fpg protein) of Escherichia coli is a DNA repair enzyme that is specific for the removal of purine-derived lesions from DNA damaged by free radicals and other oxidative processes. We investigated the effect of single mutations on the specificity of this enzyme for three purine-derived lesions in DNA damaged by free radicals. These damaging agents generate a multiplicity of base products in DNA, with the yields depending on the damaging agent. Wild type Fpg protein (wt-Fpg) removes 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua), 4,6-diamino-5-formamidopyrimidine (FapyAde), and 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-formamidopyrimidine (FapyGua) from damaged DNA with similar specificities. We generated five mutant forms of this enzyme with mutations involving Lys-57-->Gly (FpgK57G), Lys-57-->Arg (FpgK57R), Lys-155-->Ala (FpgK155A), Pro-2-->Gly (FpgP2G), and Pro-2-->Glu (FpgP2E), and purified them to homogeneity. FpgK57G and FpgK57R were functional for removal of FapyAde and FapyGua with a reduced activity when compared with wt-Fpg. The removal of 8-OH-Gua was different in that the specificity of FpgK57G was significantly lower for its removal from irradiated DNA, whereas wt-Fpg, FpgK57G, and FpgK57R excised 8-OH-Gua from H2O2/Fe(III)-EDTA/ascorbic acid-treated DNA with almost the same specificity. FpgK155A and FpgP2G had very low activity and FpgP2E exhibited no activity at all. Michaelis-Menten kinetics of excision was measured and kinetic constants were obtained. The results indicate an important role of Lys-57 residue in the activity of Fpg protein for 8-OH-Gua, but a lesser significant role for formamidopyrimidines. Mutations involving Lys-155 and Pro-2 had a dramatic effect with Pro-2-->Glu leading to complete loss of activity, indicating a significant role of these residues. The results show that point mutations significantly change the specificity of Fpg protein and suggest that point mutations are also expected to change specificities of other DNA repair enzymes.
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine 09/2001; 31(6):816-23. · 5.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clustered DNA damages--here defined as two or more lesions (strand breaks, oxidized purines, oxidized pyrimidines or abasic sites) within a few helical turns--have been postulated as difficult to repair accurately, and thus highly significant biological lesions. Further, attempted repair of clusters may produce double strand breaks (DSBs). However, until recently, there was no way to measure ionizing radiation-induced clustered damages, except DSB. We recently described an approach for measuring classes of clustered damages (oxidized purine clusters, oxidized pyrimidine clusters, abasic clusters, along with DSB). We showed that ionizing radiation (gamma rays and Fe ions, 1 GeV/amu) does induce such clusters in genomic DNA in solution and in human cells. These studies also showed that each damage cluster results from one radiation hit (and its track), thus indicating that they can be induced by very low doses of radiation, i.e. two independent hits are not required for cluster induction. Further, among all complex damages, double strand breaks comprise--at most-- ~20%, with the other clustered damages being at least 80%.
    Physica Medica 02/2001; 17 Suppl 1:202-4. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clustered damage induced by ionizing radiation--two or more oxidized bases, abasic sites, or strand breaks within a few DNA helical turns--have been postulated to be major lethal and/or mutagenic sites. Although they have recently been shown to be induced in genomic DNAs by ionizing photons and particles, little is known of the factors that affect their yields or the relative levels of the classes of clusters. Toward this aim we have investigated the effect of DNA milieu, specifically, a nonradioquenching (phosphate) or radioquenching (Tris) solution, upon the generation of clustered lesions in a well-defined molecule, T7 bacteriophage DNA. Irradiation of DNA in Tris reduces the yields of all clustered damages to 1-3% of the levels formed in phosphate. Further, although the percentage of the total clusters in oxidized purine clusters is largely unchanged, and the level of abasic clusters decreases, the frequencies of double-strand breaks and oxidized pyrimidine clusters increase in the radioquenching solution. The ratio of the level of oxidized pyrimidine clusters to double-strand breaks in a DNA in radioquenching solution is similar to that obtained in DNA in human cells, also a radioquenching environment.
    Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 02/2001; 38(2-3):159-65. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • S.V. Kuznetsov, O.M. Sidorkina, J. Laval, A. Ansari
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2001; 288(1). · 2.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ionizing radiation induces both isolated DNA lesions and clustered damages-multiple closely spaced lesions (strand breaks, oxidized purines, oxidized pyrimidines, or abasic sites within a few helical turns). Such clusters are postulated to be difficult to repair and thus potentially lethal or mutagenic lesions. Using highly purified enzymes that cleave DNA at specific classes of damage and electrophoretic assays developed for quantifying isolated and clustered damages in high molecular length genomic DNAs, we determined the relative frequencies of total lesions and of clustered damages involving both strands, and the composition and origin of such clusters. The relative frequency of isolated vs clustered damages depends on the identity of the lesion, with approximately 15-18% of oxidized purines, pyrimidines, or abasic sites in clusters recognized by Fpg, Nth, or Nfo proteins, respectively, but only about half that level of frank single strand breaks in double strand breaks. Oxidized base clusters and abasic site clusters constitute about 80% of complex damages, while double strand breaks comprise only approximately 20% of the total. The data also show that each cluster results from a single radiation (track) event, and thus clusters will be formed at low as well as high radiation doses.
    Biochemistry 08/2000; 39(27):8026-31. · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • O M Sidorkina, J Laval
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Escherichia coli Fpg protein is a DNA glycosylase/AP lyase. It removes, in DNA, oxidized purine residues, including the highly mutagenic C8-oxo-guanine (8-oxoG). The catalytic mechanism is believed to involve the formation of a transient Schiff base intermediate formed between DNA containing an oxidized residue and the N-terminal proline of the Fpg protein. The importance and the role of this proline upon the various catalytic activities of the Fpg protein was examined by targeted mutagenesis, resulting in the construction of three mutant Fpg proteins: Pro-2 --> Gly (FpgP2G), Pro-2 --> Thr (FpgP2T), and Pro-2 --> Glu (FpgP2E). The formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase activities of FpgP2G and FpgP2T were comparable and accounted for 10% of the wild-type activity. FpgP2G and FpgP2T had barely detectable 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase activity and produced minute Schiff base complex with 8-oxoG/C DNA. FpgP2G and FpgP2T mutants did not cleave a DNA containing preformed AP site but readily produced Schiff base complex with this substrate. FpgP2E was completely inactive in all the assays. The binding constants of the different mutants when challenged with a duplex DNA containing a tetrahydrofuran residue were comparable. The mutant Fpg proteins barely or did not complement in vivo the spontaneous transitions G/C --> T/A in E. coli BH990 (fpg mutY) cells. These results show the mandatory role of N-terminal proline in the 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase activity of the Fpg protein in vitro and in vivo as well as in its AP lyase activity upon preformed AP site but less in the 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-N-methylformamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase activity.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2000; 275(14):9924-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clustered DNA damages-two or more closely spaced damages (strand breaks, abasic sites, or oxidized bases) on opposing strands-are suspects as critical lesions producing lethal and mutagenic effects of ionizing radiation. However, as a result of the lack of methods for measuring damage clusters induced by ionizing radiation in genomic DNA, neither the frequencies of their production by physiological doses of radiation, nor their repairability, nor their biological effects are known. On the basis of methods that we developed for quantitating damages in large DNAs, we have devised and validated a way of measuring ionizing radiation-induced clustered lesions in genomic DNA, including DNA from human cells. DNA is treated with an endonuclease that induces a single-strand cleavage at an oxidized base or abasic site. If there are two closely spaced damages on opposing strands, such cleavage will reduce the size of the DNA on a nondenaturing gel. We show that ionizing radiation does induce clustered DNA damages containing abasic sites, oxidized purines, or oxidized pyrimidines. Further, the frequency of each of these cluster classes is comparable to that of frank double-strand breaks; among all complex damages induced by ionizing radiation, double-strand breaks are only about 20%, with other clustered damage constituting some 80%. We also show that even low doses (0.1-1 Gy) of high linear energy transfer ionizing radiation induce clustered damages in human cells.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2000; 97(1):103-8. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of UVB light (290 < or = lambda < or = 320 nm) on the structure and enzymatic activities of Escherichia coli Fpg protein (2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5N-methylformamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase), a DNA repair enzyme containing a zinc finger motif and five chromophoric Trp residues. Irradiation with UVB light of air-saturated pH 7.4 buffered aqueous solutions of Fpg induces the formation of polymers as shown by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic analysis. In argon-saturated solutions, polymer formation produces a precipitate. The polymerization quantum yield is 0.07 +/- 0.01 and 0.15 +/- 0.02 in air- and argon-saturated solutions, respectively. In the polymerized Fpg protein, second-derivative absorption spectroscopy indicates that three and one Trp residues are destroyed in air- and argon-saturated solutions, respectively. Polymers are devoid of all three activities of the Fpg protein, whereas the unpolymerized protein retains full activities. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization experiments demonstrate that polymer formation is accompanied by the formation of short polypeptides containing the first 32 or 33 residues of the N-terminal domain. Theses polypeptides are most probably formed by the photolytic cleavage of Fpg protein induced by light absorption by the adjacent Trp-34 residue.
    Photochemistry and Photobiology 07/1999; 69(6):658-63. · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The base excision repair (BER) of modified nucleotides is initiated by damage-specific DNA glycosylases. The repair of the resulting apurinic/apyrimidinic site involves the replacement of either a single nucleotide (short patch BER) or of several nucleotides (long patch BER). The mechanism that controls the selection of either BER pathway is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that the type of base damage present on DNA, by determining the specific DNA glycosylase in charge of its excision, drives the repair of the resulting abasic site intermediate to either BER branch. In mammalian cells hypoxanthine (HX) and 1,N6-ethenoadenine (epsilonA) are both substrates for the monofunctional 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase, the ANPG protein, whereas 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is removed by the bifunctional DNA glycosylase/beta-lyase 8-oxoG-DNA gly- cosylase (OGG1). Circular plasmid molecules containing a single HX, epsilonA, or 8-oxoG were constructed. In vitro repair assays with HeLa cell extracts revealed that HX and epsilonA are repaired via both short and long patch BER, whereas 8-oxoG is repaired mainly via the short patch pathway. The preferential repair of 8-oxoG by short patch BER was confirmed by the low efficiency of repair of this lesion by DNA polymerase beta-deficient mouse cells as compared with their wild-type counterpart. These data fit into a model where the intrinsic properties of the DNA glycosylase that recognizes the lesion selects the branch of BER that will restore the intact DNA template.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/1999; 274(21):15230-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    O M Sidorkina, J Laval
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Escherichia coli Fpg protein is involved in the repair of oxidized residues. We examined, by targeted mutagenesis, the effect of the conserved lysine residue at position 57 upon the various catalytic activities of the Fpg protein. Mutant Fpg protein with Lys-57-->Gly (K57G) had dramatically reduced DNA glycosylase activity for the excision of 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine (8-oxoG). While wild type Fpg protein cleaved 8-oxoG/C DNA with a specificity constant ( k cat/ K M) of 0.11/(nM@min), K57G cleaved the same DNA 55-fold less efficiently. FpgK57G was poorly effective in the formation of Schiff base complex with 8-oxoG/C DNA. The efficiency in the binding of 8-oxoG/C DNA duplex for K57G mutant was decreased 16-fold. The substitution of Lys-57 for another basic amino acid Arg (K57R) had a slight effect on the 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase activity and Schiff base formation. The DNA glycosylase activities of FpgK57G and FpgK57R using 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5N-methylformamidopyrimidine residues as substrate were comparable to that of wild type Fpg. In vivo, the mutant K57G, in contrast to the mutant K57R and wild type Fpg, only partially restored the ability to prevent spontaneously induced transitions G/C-->T/A in E.coli BH990 ( fpg mutY ) cells. These results suggest an important role for Lys-57 in the 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase activity of the Fpg protein in vitro and in vivo.
    Nucleic Acids Research 01/1999; 26(23):5351-7. · 8.81 Impact Factor
  • J Laval, J Jurado, M Saparbaev, O Sidorkina
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As a consequence of oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species are generated in the cells. They interact with DNA and induce various modifications. Among them, oxidised purines (such as C8-oxoguanine and purines whose imidazole ring is opened), oxidised pyrimidines (such as thymine and cytosine glycols, ring saturated and fragmented pyrimidines), ethenobases and hypoxanthine. These various lesions have either miscoding properties or are blocks for DNA and RNA polymerases during replication and transcription, respectively. Most of these lesions are repaired by the base excision pathway in which the first step is mediated by specific DNA glycosylases. We review the various glycosylases involved in the repair of oxidised bases in Escherichia coli. The Fpg protein (formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase) contains a zinc finger and excises oxidised purines whereas the Nth protein excises oxidised pyrimidines. The Nei protein excises a comparable spectra of pyrimidines and is believed to act as a back up enzyme to the Nth protein. The hypoxanthine-DNA glycosylase excises hypoxanthine residue and is one of the various activities of the AlkA protein (including formyluracil and ethenopurines residues). The Nfo protein was shown to have a novel activity that incises 5' to an alpha-deoxyadenosine residue (the anomer of deoxyadenosine formed by gamma-irradiation). The mechanism of action of the Fpg and Nth proteins are discussed. The properties of the human counterpart of the Fpg and Nth proteins the hNth and OGG1 proteins, respectively are also reviewed.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 07/1998; 402(1-2):93-102. · 3.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects on the structure dynamics of the Escherichia coli wild-type formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase (Fpg) protein of the single mutations Lys57-->Gly (FpgK57G), Pro2-->Gly (FpgP2G) and Pro2-->Glu (FpgP2E) were studied by fluorescence techniques, namely: lifetime measurements and acrylamide quenching of the fluorescence of Trp residues. The fluorescence decays of Fpg and its mutant forms were analysed by the maximum-entropy method and lifetime distributions in the range 200 ps to 9 ns were obtained. The lifetime distribution profiles of FpgK57G, FpgP2G and FpgP2E are different from that of wild-type Fpg. Both dynamic and static quenching by acrylamide were observed for all the proteins. At 20 degrees C, the bimolecular collisional quenching rate constant of the FpgP2E fluorescence by acrylamide was only 0.8 M(-1) s(-1) as compared to about 1.4 M(-1) s(-1) for the three other proteins. At 6 degrees C, all the spectroscopic properties of these four proteins are about the same. The analysis of experimental data demonstrates that all three mutations induce a structural reorganization of the Fpg protein. However, only the P2E mutation lead to a reduced accessibility of some Trp residues to acrylamide quenching. It is concluded that the single P2E replacement induces a conformational change leading to a more rigid globular structure as opposed to the wild type and K57G and P2G mutations. The influence of the single mutations on the enzyme activities of the Fpg protein is discussed.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 04/1998; 253(2):413-20. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    O Sidorkina, M Saparbaev, J Laval
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deoxyinosine occurs in DNA by spontaneous deamination of adenine or by incorporation of dITP during replication. Hypoxanthine residues (HX) are mutagenic and give rise to A-T-->G-C transition. They are substrates for the Escherichia coli product of the alkA gene, the 3-methyl-adenine-DNA glycosylase II (ALK A protein). In mammalian cells and in yeast, HX is excised by the counterpart of ALK A protein, the ANPG or the MAG proteins respectively. We have investigated in vivo the contribution of the alkA gene to counteract the lethal and/or mutagenic effects of HX residues induced by nitrous acid treatment. Using an E.coli strain allowing the detection of A-T-->G-C transition, we show that the alkA mutant has a slightly increased spontaneous rate of mutation and about the same sensitivity when treated with HNO2 as compared with the wild-type strain. Using the E.coli alkA mutant carrying a multicopy plasmid expressing the ALK A protein or the ANPG protein, we barely observe any effect of HNO2 treatment on sensitivity and mutation rate of the bacteria. In contrast, the same experiment performed with a uvrA- strain, deficient in nucleotide excision repair (NER), shows that this mutant is extremely sensitive to HNO2 treatment. Furthermore, the sensitivity and the spontaneous mutation rate observed in the double mutant alkA- uvrA- are almost identical to those of the uvrA- mutant. Hence, NER has the major role in vivo for the repair of lethal and mutagenic lesions induced by HNO2.
    Mutagenesis 01/1997; 12(1):23-8. · 3.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

602 Citations
72.86 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003
    • Moscow State Textile University
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
  • 1997–2003
    • Institut de Cancérologie Gustave Roussy
      Île-de-France, France
  • 1998–2002
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2000
    • Brookhaven National Laboratory
      • Biology Department
      New York City, NY, United States