Qin-Xian Zhang

Zhengzhou University, Cheng, Henan Sheng, China

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Publications (11)7.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To construct a eukaryotic expression vector for the small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting nucleostemin (NS) gene. The siRNA targeting NS gene was designed according to the sequence of NS mRNA available in GenBank. Three siRNA sequences were obtained, and the corresponding cDNAs were synthesized and inserted into plasmid pRNAT-U6.1 for constructing the recombinant plasmids, which were transformed into E.coli DH5alpha strain. The plasmids, after identification by PCR and DNA sequencing, were transfected into EC9706 cell line via liposome, and the mRNA and protein expressions of NS gene in the cells were determined by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Three recombinant plasmids were identified by PCR and sequence analysis, the results of which showed correct insertion of the designed sequences in the plasmids. RT-PCR and Western blotting showed substantially decreased mRNA and protein expressions of NS gene in the transfected cells. The recombinant plasmid expressing the siRNA targeting NS gene has been successfully constructed, which provides the basis for studying RNA interference of the NS gene.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 04/2008; 28(3):392-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mRNA expression levels of nucleostemin (NS) in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue. Real-time PCR was used to quantify the mRNA expression of NS in the samples of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue and their matched normal esophageal mucosa tissue from 62 patients, 36 males and 26 females, aged (61 +/- 10) (38-75). The relationship between NS mRNA expression level and clinical pathological features was analyzed. The NS mRNA expression level of the 62 cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue was(4.5 +/- 2.1), significantly higher than that of the matched normal esophageal mucosa tissue [(2.1 +/- 1.3), t = -5.045, P = 0.000]. The mRNA expression level of NS was associated with tumor grade, depth of infiltration, and lymph node metastasis (all P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, and pathological type (all P > 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that clinical and pathological features influenced the NS mRNA expression level (P = 0. 000), and the depth of infiltration and lymph node metastasis were important influencing factors for NS mRNA expression level(both P < 0.05). NS may play an important role in the progression and proliferation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 03/2008; 88(9):602-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mRNA and protein expression of nucleostemin (NS) in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The mRNA and protein expression of NS were detected in 31 mucosal atypical hyperplasia specimens, 62 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma specimens and the matched normal esophageal mucosa samples by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry method, respectively. The positive expression rate of NS protein in normal esophageal mucosa, atypical hyperplasia and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 17.7% (11/62), 41.9% (13/31) and 69.4% (43/62), respectively. There was a significant difference among the above three groups (chi2 = 33.676, P < 0.01). The expression levels of NS mRNA in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (0.971 +/- 0.121) was significantly higher than that in the atypical hyperplasia (0.913 +/- 0.085) and also in the normal esophageal mucosa (0.866 +/- 0.103; F = 14.829, P < 0.01). The expression level of both NS protein and mRNA was positively correlated with histological grade, infiltration depth, and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05), but not with age, gender or pathological type (P > 0.05). Our results indicate that nucleostemin mRNA and protein are over-expressed in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and it may be related with its oncogenesis.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 02/2008; 30(2):125-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the inhibition of hTERT antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on the proliferation and telomerase activity in HL-60 cells and to explore the relativity between the telomerase activity and the expression of hTERT gene in HL-60 cells. After treated by hTERT ASODN the expression of hTERT was detected by RT-PCR, the morphological changes of HL-60 cells was observed with inverted microscopy, the cell proliferation was measured by MTT method, and the telomerase activity was determined with TRAP-ELISA and TRAP-PAGE. The results showed that after sealing hTERT gene with ASODN for 72 hours, the expression of hTERT gene was significantly inhibited, the cell growth was repressed and the ability of proliferation decreased, and the effect was specific in sequence and dependent in dose and time. OD(450-690) values were 2.648 +/- 0.42, 1.504 +/- 0.47, 1.223 +/- 0.39, 0.944 +/- 0.16 respectively, as the cells were treated with 0, 10, 20, 30 micromol/L ASODN for 72 hours. The difference was significant as compared 10, 20, 30 micromol/L groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group respectively (P < 0.05), but the difference was no significant when compared 20 micromol/L SODN group (2.376 +/- 0.65) with untreated group (2.648 +/- 0.42) (P > 0.05). TRAP-PAGE detection revealed that comparing ASODN groups with SODN groups the telomerase image bands were decreased and least was found in groups of 30 +/- mol/L. It is concluded that the hTERT ASODN may inhibit the proliferation and down-regulate the telomerase activity in HL-60 cells by sealing the expression of hTERT gene.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 08/2006; 14(4):649-53.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of hTERT antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on the oncogenicity and the inductive apoptosis of HL-60 cells. Apoptosis of HL-60 cells was detected by flow cytometry (FCM) and agarose gel electrophoresis. Both treated and untreated HL-60 cells were collected and transplanted into 5 BALB/c nude mice respectively, the formation of transplanted neoplasm and its morphologic change were observed. After the transplanted neoplasms were uniform with the ameliorated method in another 10 BALB/c nude mice, they were divided into 2 groups and injected ASODN and PBS into the neoplasm respectively. Seven days later, the tumor were measured, its morphology were observed, and the apoptotic cells were detected with a TUNEL kit. After 72 h treatment there were DNA ladders and early apoptosis peak in hTERT ASODN treated HL-60 cells but was none in SODN treated and blank control cells. In tumor formation experiment, neoplasms were formed in ASODN treated group at 16-17 d and untreated group at 12-13 d. Neoplasm was formed in 2 of 5 ASODN treated mice and 4 of 5 untreated mice respectively. In untreated mice tumor tissues were rich in blood vasa and stromal tissue compared with that in ASODN treated mice. In tumor therapy experiment, before treatment, there was no difference in the average neoplasm physical volume between ASODN treated group [(100.9 +/- 24.6) mm3] and PBS treated group [(98.4 +/- 23.1) mm3] (P > 0.05). After treatment, the neoplasm volume in ASODN treated group [(422.7 +/- 326.4) mm3] was smaller than that in PBS treated group [(786.4 +/- 357.6) mm3] (P < 0.05). Histologically, there were many apoptosis cells in ASODN treated group, but was seldom seen in PBS treated group. The TUNEL positive cells in ASODN treated group were much more than that in PBS treated group (P < 0.05). The hTERT ASODN induces apoptosis of HL-60 cells in vitro, reduces the tumor formation in BALB/c nude mice and inhibits the growth of the transplanted neoplasm.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 07/2006; 27(6):386-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To detect methylation in promoter region of hMSH2 gene in esophageal cancer. Specimens of cancer and normal tissues freshly removed from 32 cases of esophageal cancer patients without previous radiotherapy, chemotherapy or other treatment were preserved at -80 degrees C within 30 min. Methylation specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect methylation of mismatch repair gene (MMR) hMSH2 in promoter region in esophageal cancer and normal esophageal tissues. The frequencies of methylation of hMSH2 gene in promoter region of cancer and normal esophageal tissues were 32.4% (11/32) and 0/30 (0%), respectively, and significant difference was found between the two groups (P < 0.01). The frequency of methylation in elder patients (> or = 70 years old) was significantly higher than that in younger patients (< 70 years old) (P < 0.05). Methylation was less frequently found in grade I-II (18.2%) than in grade III-IV (70.0%) (P < 0.05). Methylation of hMSH2 gene in promoter region is related to patients' age and histopathological grade of the esophageal cancer.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 09/2005; 27(9):541-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of c-myc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on the telomerase activity and the induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells, and to explore the relationship between the telomerase activity and the expression of c-myc gene in HL-60 cells, after treatment by c-myc ASODN, the expression of c-myc was detected by RT-PCR, the apoptosis, cell cycle were detected with agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytomety, and the telomerase activity was determined with TRAP-ELISA. The results showed that after blocking c-myc gene with ASODN for 72 hours, it is obvious that the expression of c-myc gene was inhibited. The percentage of S phase HL-60 cells decreased from 55.6% to 30%, the early apoptosis peak appeared (the percentage of apoptosis cells were 25.2%) and the DNA ladders were shown. OD(450 - 690) were 2.648 +/- 0.42, 2.324 +/- 0.36, 2.162 +/- 0.38, 1.952 +/- 0.14, 1.805 +/- 0.40, 1.616 +/- 0.41 and 2.466 +/- 0.29, respectively, as the cells were treated with 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 micromol/L ASODN and 5 micromol/L SODN for 72 hours. The difference was significant when compared 3, 4, 5 micromol/L groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group respectively (P < 0.05), but the difference was no significant when compared 1, 2 micromol/L ASODN and 5 micromol/L SODN groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the c-myc gene ASODN may induce the apoptosis of cells, inhibit cells from G(1) phase into S phase and regulate the telomerase activity down in HL-60 cells by blocking the expression of c-myc gene.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 08/2005; 13(4):605-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the expression of DNA mismatch repair gene hMSH2 mRNA in esophageal cancer tissues. This study included 32 esophageal cancer patients who received no previous radiotherapy, chemotherapy or other treatments. Within 30 min following surgical removal of the tumor tissues, specimens of the tumor, the tissue adjacent to the tumor and normal tissue at the esophageal stump (1 cmx1 cmx1 cm in size for each specimen) were obtained for examining hMSH2 expression with hMSH2 ISH detection kit. The positivity rate of hMSH2 was 46.88% in the esophageal cancer tissues, 53.12% in the adjacent tissues, and 84.38% in normal tissues at the esophageal stump, showing significant difference of the former two tissues from the normal tissue (P<0.05). No significant correlation was noted between the positivity rate of hMSH2 and such factors as the patients' age, sex, tumor size, tumor location, pathological type, histological grade, lymphatic metastasis or degree of tumor invasion (P>0.05). The deletion of hMSH2 is an early event in the development of esophageal cancer.
    Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA 06/2004; 24(6):662-4, 669.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the alteration of nuclear matrix proteins (NMPs) in gastric cancer. The NMPs extracted from 22 cases of gastric cancer and normal gastric tissues were investigated by SDS-PAGE technique and the data were analyzed using Genetools analysis software. Compared with normal gastric tissue, the expression of 30 ku and 28 ku NMPs in gastric cancer decreased significantly (P=0.002, P=0.001, P<0.05). No significant difference was found in the expression of the two NMPs between the various differentiated grades (P=0.947, P=0.356) and clinical stages of gastric cancer (P=0.920, P=0.243, P>0.05). The results suggested that the alteration of NMPs in gastric cancer occurred at the early stage of gastric cancer development.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2004; 10(12):1819-21. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    Qin-Xian Zhang, Yi Ding, Xiao-Ping Le, Peng Du
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    ABSTRACT: To detect the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) frequency of microsatellite sites D9s171, D9s1604 of p16 gene and expression of hMSH2 mRNA in various differentiated types of gastric cancer, adjacent cancer tissues and normal gastric mucosa. LOH was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis-silver staining. The expression of hMSH2 mRNA was examined with in situ hybridization. The frequency rate of LOH was significantly higher in gastric cancers than that in adjacent cancer tissues (P=0.032). No significant difference was noted among various differentiated types and various clinical stages of gastric cancers. The significantly reduced expression of hMSH2 mRNA positive signal cells exhibited in gastric cancers, in comparison with that in the adjacent cancer tissues and normal gastric mucosa, respectively (P=0.001). No significant difference was noted among various clinical stages of gastric cancers (P>0.05). The difference of positive signal cells in poorly differentiated cancers and those in well and moderately differentiated cancers were significant (P<0.001). The frequencies of LOH in two microsatellite sites, D9s171 and D9s1604, in p16 genome were associated with development of gastric cancer and no significant correlation was demonstrated between the LOH frequency and the cell differentiated types of tumor cells or clinical stages. There was a positive relationship between the expression of hMSH2 mRNA and the differentiated types of gastric cancer.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2003; 9(3):437-41. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    Yi Ding, Xiao-Ping Le, Qin-Xian Zhang, Peng Du
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    ABSTRACT: To study methylation, frequencies of homozygous deletion and mutation of p16 gene in gastric carcinoma. The methylation pattern in exon 1 and exon 2 of p16 gene was studied with polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using methylation sensitive restriction endonuclease HpaII and methylation insensitive restriction endonuclease MspI. PCR technique was used to detect homozygous deletions of exon 1 and exon 2 of p16 gene and single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique was used to detect the mutation of the gene. Hypermethylation changes in exon 1 and exon 2 of p16 gene were observed in 25 % and 45 % of 20 gastric cancer tissues, respectively, while no methylation abnormality was found in normal tissues. The homozygous deletion frequency of exon 1 and exon 2 of p16 gene in 20 gastric cancer tissues was 20 % and 10 %, respectively. No mutation was found in exon 1 of p16 gene, while abnormal single strands were found in 2 (10 %) cases in exon 2 as detected by SSCP. The results suggest that hypermethylation and abnormality of p16 gene may play a key role in the progress of gastric cancer. Hypermethylation of exon 2 of p16 gene may have effects on the carcinogenesis of gastric mucosa and may be a later event.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2003; 9(3):423-6. · 2.55 Impact Factor