ABSTRACT: National arthroplasty registers are valuable tools for reporting on an updated epidemiologic survey of arthroplasties and for evaluating the performance of implants and operative procedures through the early identification of failure risk factors. More than ten registers have been launched globally, but no national register has been reported in Asia.
In February 2006, a pilot project of the Japan Arthroplasty Register (JAR) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty/unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (TKA/UKA) was launched by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA). Data obtained include information about patients, primary and revision arthroplasty operative procedures, and implants and materials used. The JAR office accumulated and processed all data and reports annually.
Up to May 2011, 83 of 130 hospitals nominated by the JOA (64 %) participated in the JAR pilot project. From 2006 to 2011, 33,080 data collection forms were submitted; 17,534 for THA and 17,269 for TKA/UKA. A brief summary of the annual report of the JAR is available from The Japanese Society for Replacement Arthroplasty web site at http://jsra.info/ .
A national arthroplasty register is a useful tool for evaluating the outcomes of interventions and the materials used in arthroplasties and for providing rapid feedback to practitioners and patients about any failure of THA and TKA/UKA. As the first national arthroplasty register in Asia, the JAR will help guide the development of registers of arthroplasty characteristics specific to Asian populations.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science 06/2012; 17(4):358-69. · 0.84 Impact Factor