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Publications (3)2.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Insulin resistance (IR) plays a critical role in metabolic syndrome (MS). Previous studies have demonstrated that activated ROCK is increased in MS patients. However, the effect of Rho-kinase (ROCK) on IR has not been definitely determined. Thus, the aims of the present study were to determine whether ROCK activation induces IR or affects myocardial structure and function, as well as the possible mechanisms underlying this process. Wistar rats fed high fat, high glucose and high salt diet sewed as model of MS and we used transmission electron microscopy, echocardiogram technology, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated DNA nick-end labeling staining to identify any myocardial damage. The protein levels of MYPT-1 (characteristic of ROCK activation), IRS-1 and AKT were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. In hearts from MS rats, we found increased protein levels of phospho-MYPT-1 and phospho-IRS-1 (Ser307) and decreased phospho-AKT compared to levels in normal rats. In conclusion, the results suggest that ROCK-mediated IR is involved in the development of myocardial impairments in MS rats and that this effect is mediated probably via the IRS-1/PI3-kinase/AKT pathway.
    Acta biochimica Polonica 06/2012; 59(2):249-54. · 1.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Real-time perfusion imaging (RTPI) using ultrasound contrast agents has shown good "accuracy" in detecting myocardial infarction, however its accuracy in the assessment of peri-infarct ischemia and stress echocardiography are not known. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of RTPI in assessment of peri-infarct ischemia during dobutamine and adenosine stress. We employed the RTPI modality (Agilent and ATL Philips) in a canine model (18 dogs) of distal coronary occlusion and proximal coronary stenosis. Using coronary flow probe recordings, the physiologic significance of proximal coronary stenosis was established by confirming abolition of the coronary reserve. The contrast agent Optison was given as a slow bolus injection at baseline, during prolonged distal coronary occlusion, during adenosine bolus stress and during dobutamine stress. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to verify a distal infarction. RTPI recordings at baseline, the distal coronary occlusion and stress protocols were randomly mixed and reviewed blindly. In all but one dog, RTPI detected a distal infarct as small as 9% of the left ventricle. The sensitivity, specificity and overall diagnostic accuracy of RTPI in the detection of distal infarcts were: 94%, 89% and 92%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and overall diagnostic accuracy of RTPI in the assessment of peri-infarction ischemia were 83%, 92% and 88% for adenosine stress and 95%, 86% and 91% for dobutamine stress, respectively. Even small distal infarcts can be detected by RTPI; peri-infarct ischemia can be accurately recognized by RTPI during stress; adenosine and dobutamine stress appear equally reliable in the RTPI evaluation of peri-infarct ischemia.
    Chinese medical journal 09/2009; 122(17):2002-7. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Innovative advancements in ultrasound instrumentation present a number of imaging modalities for myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in ischemic syndromes. How well they compare to each other in diagnostic accuracy in the detection of acute myocardial infarction is unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the relative accuracy of 3 different imaging modes of MCE, low mechanical index (MI) real-time perfusion imaging (RTPI), triggered harmonic angio mode (HA), and ultraharmonic imaging mode (UH) in the detection of acute experimental myocardial infarction within the time frame suitable for potential reperfusion. MCE was performed in 10 open-chest dogs using RTPI, triggered HA and triggered UH modes at baseline and one hour after occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery. Presence or absence of perfusion defects, and the perfusion defect size when present, were analyzed and compared with the infarct size delineated by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. The infarct area was (15.8 +/- 2.4)% by TTC staining; Perfusion defect area by MCE was similar to anatomic infarct area in all the three MCE approaches: (16.1 +/- 2.7)% by RTPI mode, (15.5 +/- 2.9)% by HA mode, and (15.5 +/- 3.0)% by UH mode. The sensitivity, specificity and overall diagnostic accuracy in the detection of myocardial infarction were 100%, 88%, and 94% for RTPI mode, 88%, 100%, and 94% for HA mode, and 100%, 75%, and 88% for UH mode. All modes of MCE, RTPI, triggered HA mode and triggered UH mode have excellent diagnostic accuracy in the immediate hour of acute coronary occlusion within the optimal time frame suitable for reperfusion therapy.
    Chinese medical journal 03/2006; 119(3):179-84. · 0.90 Impact Factor