[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prevalence of hepatitis B and C in patients with glioblastoma multiforme or meningiomas has not been described. These infections are known to modulate the activity of the immune system, which potentially influences the development and course of cancer. We hypothesized that chronic hepatitis infection, which activates the immune system, decreases the risk of brain tumors, particularly those that are highly malignant. We performed a retrospective study to examine the prevalence of hepatitis B and C in patients with meningiomas and glioblastomas. The combined prevalence of hepatitis B and C in the USA from 1999-2008 was 5.7%. The prevalence of hepatitis B and C in patients with meningiomas was 2.4%; while among glioblastoma patients, the prevalence of hepatitis B and C was 1.38%. The odds ratio of having hepatitis B or C with glioblastoma versus meningiomas was 0.56, with a confidence interval of 0.19-1.6 and a P-value of 0.29. Compared with historical controls, the prevalence of hepatitis B and C in meningioma and glioblastoma patients was decreased. However, this difference may be attributed to the retrospective nature of our data and the natural history of hepatitis B and C infections. The prevalence of these viral infections was not statistically different in patients with meningiomas and glioblastomas. This suggests that hepatitis B and C primarily influence slow-growing, benign tumors and more aggressive cancers equally, if at all. To definitively test our hypothesis, future studies in which data are prospectively gathered are likely to be required.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intracranial germ cell tumors are uncommon and account for only 0.3-3.4% of all intracranial tumors. Teratomas are a subset of these neoplasms, and their finding in brain structures is exceptionally rare, and occurrence within the skull base is quite novel. The authors report the case of a 57-year-old male patient who presented with vision changes, incontinence, ataxia, and altered mental status of 1 week's duration. Imaging revealed a large intrasellar mass with suprasellar extension, involvement of the ventricular system, and marked hydrocephalus with the enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. The patient underwent a pterional craniotomy/transsylvian approach for resection of the mass. Postoperative histological examination of the resected mass was confirmatory for a mature cystic teratoma. This was followed by radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, and adjuvant radiotherapy. At the most recent followup, approximately 4 years later, the patient is doing well with improved vision since the operation. This report highlights our experience with a teratoma in a very unusual location, and we review the relevant literature.
Case reports in neurological medicine. 01/2013; 2013:180497.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors predominantly occur in children, and are rare in the adult population. Less than 100 cases of supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor have been reported in adults internationally. Our case study reports this rare incident. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old Hispanic man presented with headaches, blurry vision, diplopia, intermittent vomiting, and grossly decreased vision. A magnetic resonance image showed a left posterior parietal heterogeneously enhancing mass measuring 4.2cm x 7.2cm x 7.0cm. After craniotomy for resection and decompression, the mass was histologically revealed to be a supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Standardized immunohistochemical studies for this mass were carried out. CONCLUSION: We have concluded that immunohistochemical and genetic workup should be included in the standardized pathological workup for primitive neuroectodermal tumors in order to provide more prognostic information. Based on our current literature review, we propose an immunohistochemical panel.
Journal of Medical Case Reports 10/2012; 6(1):361.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adult-onset Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LD), or dysplastic cerebellar gangliocytoma, is a hamartoma considered pathognomonic for Cowden disease. Classically, LD has a progressive and insidious onset of symptoms. In this case report, we present a patient having rapid neurological deterioration from acute-onset LD. There are only three reported cases of acute LD presentation. A 22-year-old female presented to the emergency department with diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and gait instability which developed within 6 h. A non-contrast CT scan revealed diffuse attenuation in the left cerebellum and mild ventricular dilatation. LP revealed no organisms. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed salient "tiger stripe" appearance of the left cerebellar cortex and effacement of the fourth ventricle. The patient subsequently underwent suboccipital craniotomy and gross total resection of the lesion. The tumor histology showed distortion of normal cerebellar architecture with dysplastic ganglion cells, loss of Purkinje cells, atrophy of the white matter, and expansion of cerebellar folia. Findings were consistent with adult-onset Lhermitte-Duclos disease.