Rouba Ali-Fehmi

Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan, United States

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Publications (97)324.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the clinical significance of the extent of lymphovascular space invasion (LVI) in patients with uterine serous carcinoma. After IRB approval, 232 patients with uterine serous carcinoma from the pathology databases of 4 large academic institutions were included. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on extent of LVI. Extensive LVI (E-LVI) was defined as ≥3 vessel involvement; low LVI (L-LVI) was defined <3 vessel involvement; and the third group consisted of tumors with no LVI (A-LVI). The association between LVI and myometrial invasion, cervical involvement, lower uterine segment involvement, positive peritoneal washings, lymph node involvement, stage, and survival were analyzed. Of 232 patients, 47 had E-LVI (20.3%), 83 had L-LVI (35.8%), and 102 had A-LVI (44%). A total of 9.8% of the patients with A-LVI had lymph node involvement as compared with 18.1% in the L-LVI group and 55.4% in the E-LVI group (P<0.0001). Fifty-nine percent of the patients in A-LVI, 85% in L-LVI, and 100% in the E-LVI group demonstrated myometrial invasion (P<0.0001). Cervical involvement was noted in 23%, 43%, 66% (P<0.0001) and lower uterine segment involvement involvement in 31%, 43%, and 42% of A-LVI, L-LVI, and E-LVI (P<0.0001), respectively. Stage III and IV disease were seen in 29%, 38%, and 79% of the patients with A-LVI, L-LVI, and E-LVI, respectively (P<0.0001). The median overall survival was 172, 95, and 39 mo for the A-LVI, L-LVI, and E-LVI groups, respectively (P<0.0001). The racial distribution was significant with African American patients demonstrating significantly more L-LVI (27.8%) and E-LVI (40.4%) when compared with A-LVI (19.6%) (P=0.040). In a subgroup analysis including patients with Stage I and II (n=123) revealed median survivals of 172, 169, and 38 mo in the A-LVI, L-LVI, and E-LVI groups, respectively (P<0.0001). Fifty percent of these patients with E-LVI, 20% in L-LVI group, and 15% in A-LVI group had disease recurrence (P=0.040). The extent of LVI was associated with multiple pathologic factors and was found to be a negative prognostic factor for overall survival and disease recurrence.
    01/2015; 34(1):47-56.
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of endometrial cancers diagnosed on biopsy that have no residual cancer identified at hysterectomy is not well studied. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and long-term follow-up of this "vanishing cancer" phenomenon. All slides from the initial biopsy/curettage and hysterectomy specimens were reviewed and the diagnosis confirmed by a gynecologic pathologist. The entire endometrium was serially sectioned and submitted for histologic examination. Clinical and pathologic variables were analyzed, including patient demographics, tumor histologic type and grade, stage, biopsy method, adjuvant therapy, surgical procedure, recurrence, and disease-specific survival. We identified 23 biopsy-proven cases of endometrial cancer with no residual disease on hysterectomy specimen. Of the 23 patients, 15 (65.2%) were diagnosed as endometrioid, 6 (26%) serous, 1 clear cell (4.3%), and 1 (4.3%) serous intraepithelial carcinoma. Seventeen underwent dilatation and curettage, and 6 had endometrial biopsy as the primary procedure. The median follow-up was 8.8 years (range, 1.2 to 17 y). Only 2 cases with serous carcinoma underwent adjuvant chemotherapy, and none received radiation therapy. Only 1 patient died of disease after 27 months and was diagnosed as FIGO grade II endometrioid carcinoma on dilatation and curettage. The inability to identify cancer in a hysterectomy specimen for biopsy-confirmed carcinoma does not indicate technical failure. Although there is no specific standard treatment for patients with "vanishing endometrial cancer," the prognosis is excellent; however, close follow-up is suggested.
    The American journal of surgical pathology. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: /Objective(s): There is paucity of data in regards to prognostic factors and outcome of women with 2009 FIGO stage II disease. The objective of this study was to investigate prognostic factors, recurrence patterns and survival endpoints in this group of patients. /Methods: Data from four academic institutions were analyzed. 130 women were identified with 2009 FIGO stage II. All patients underwent hysterectomy, oophorectomy and lymph node evaluation with or without pelvic and paraaortic lymph node dissection and peritoneal cytology. The Kaplan-Meier approach and Cox regression analysis were used to estimate recurrence-free (RFS), disease-specific (DSS) and overall survival (OS). Median follow-up was 44months. 120 patients (92%) underwent simple hysterectomy, 78% had lymph node dissection and 95% had peritoneal cytology examination. 99 patients (76%) received adjuvant radiation treatment (RT). 5-year RFS, DSS and OS was 77%, 90%, and 72%, respectively. On multivariate analysis of RFS, adjuvant RT, the presence of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) and high tumor grades were significant predictors. For DSS, LVSI and high tumor grades were significant predictors while older age and high tumor grade were the only predictors of OS. In this multi-institutional study, disease-specific survival for women with FIGO stage II uterine endometrioid carcinoma is excellent. High tumor grade, lymphovascular space involvement, adjuvant radiation treatment and old age are important prognostic factors. There was no significant difference in outcome between patients who received vaginal cuff brachytherapy compared to those received pelvic external beam radiation treatment. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Gynecologic oncology. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A high energy balance, or caloric excess, accounts as a tumor promoting factor, while a negative energy balance via caloric restriction, has been shown to delay cancer progression. The effect of energy balance on ovarian cancer progression was investigated in an isogeneic immunocompetent mouse model of epithelial ovarian cancer kept on a regimen of regular diet, high energy diet (HED) and calorie restricted diet (CRD), prior to inoculating the animals intraperitoneally with the mouse ovarian surface epithelial ID8 cancer cells. Tumor evaluation revealed that mice group on HED displayed the most extensive tumor formation with the highest tumor score at all organ sites (diaphragm, peritoneum, bowel, liver, kidney, spleen), accompanied with increased levels of insulin, leptin, insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), VEGF and interleukin 6 (IL-6). On the other hand, the mice group on CRD exhibited the least tumor burden associated with a significant reduction in levels of insulin, IGF-1, leptin, MCP-1, VEGF and IL-6. Immunohistochemistry analysis of tumors from HED mice showed higher activation of Akt and mTOR with decreased adenosine monophosphate activated kinase (AMPK) and SIRT1 activation, while tumors from the CRD group exhibited the reverse profile. In conclusion, ovarian cancer growth and metastasis occurred more aggressively under HED conditions and was significantly curtailed under CRD. The suggested mechanism involves modulated secretion of growth factors, cytokines and altered regulation of AMPK and SIRT1 that converges on mTOR inhibition. While the role of a high energy state in ovarian cancer has not been confirnmed in the literature, the current findings support investigating the potential impact of diet modulation as adjunct to other anticancer therapies and as possible individualized treatment strategy of epithelial ovarian cancer.
    Oncotarget 07/2014; · 6.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are known disparities in endometrial cancer survival with black women experiencing a greater risk of death compared to white women. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the role of comorbid conditions as modifiers of endometrial cancer survival by race.
    American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Endometrial adenocarcinoma is the most common gynecologic cancer in the United States. The prognosis is generally favorable, however, a significant number of patients do develop local or distant recurrence. The most common site of recurrence is vaginal. Our aim was to better characterize patients with vaginal recurrence of low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma with respect to associated tumor parameters and clinical outcome. We compiled 255 cases of low-grade (FIGO Grade I or II) endometrioid adenocarcinoma on hysterectomy specimens with lymph node dissection. A total of 113 cases with positive lymph nodes or recurrent disease were included in our study group. Seventy-three cases (13 Grade 1, 60 Grade 2) developed extravaginal recurrence and 40 cases (7 Grade 1, 33 Grade 2) developed vaginal recurrence. We evaluated numerous tumor parameters including: percentage myoinvasion, presence of microcystic, elongated, and fragmented pattern of myoinvasion, lymphovascular space invasion, and cervical involvement. Clinical follow-up showed that 30% (34/113) of all patients with recurrent disease died as a result of their disease during our follow-up period, including 31 (42.5%) with extravaginal recurrence and 3 (7.5%) with primary vaginal recurrence (P=0.001). The 3 patients with vaginal recurrence developed subsequent extravaginal recurrence before death. Vaginal recurrence patients show increased cervical involvement by tumor, but lack other risk factors associated with recurrent disease at other sites. There were no deaths among patients with isolated vaginal recurrence, suggesting that vaginal recurrence is not a marker of aggressive tumor biology.
    International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 03/2014; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of race on the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of white and African-American patients with uterine clear cell carcinoma (UCCC). A retrospective review was conducted of all primary UCCC cases treated at 1 of 4 major gynecologic cancer centers between 1982 and 2012. Patients and tumor characteristics were retrieved from the cancer databases of the respective institutions and based on a retrospective review of the medical records. Differences in the OS and PFS between African-American and white women were compared using the Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank test for univariate analysis. Cox regression models for the multivariate analyses were built to evaluate the relative impact of the various prognostic factors. One hundred seventy women with UCCC were included in the study, including 118 white and 52 African-American women. Both groups were comparable with respect to age (P = 0.9), stage at diagnosis (P = 0.34), angiolymphatic invasion (P = 0.3), and depth of myometrial invasion (P = 0.84). In the multivariate analyses for known prognostic factors, OS and PFS were significantly different between white and African-American patients in the early-stage disease (hazard ratio [HR], 5.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2-23.2; P = 0.023 and HR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.60-7.77; P = 0.0016, respectively) but not in the advanced-stage disease (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.40-1.67; P = 0.61 and HR, 1.5; 95% CI, 0.84-2.78; P = 0.15, respectively). In the current study, African-American patients have a prognosis worse than that of white patients in early-stage UCCC. We could not prove the same difference in advanced-stage disease.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 02/2014; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Endometrial cancer mortality disproportionately affects black women and whether greater prevalence of obesity plays a role in this disparity is unknown. We examine the effect of race on post-surgical complications, length of stay, and mortality specifically in a morbidly obese population. Methods Black and white women with endometrial cancer diagnosed from 1996 to 2012 were identified from the University Pathology Group database in Detroit, Michigan, and records were retrospectively reviewed to obtain clinicopathological, demographic, and surgical information. Analysis was limited to those with a body mass index of 40 kg/m2 or greater. Differences in the distribution of variables by race were assessed by chi-squared tests and t-tests. Kaplan–Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed to examine factors associated with mortality. Results 97 white and 89 black morbidly obese women were included in this analysis. Black women were more likely to have type II tumors (33.7% versus 15.5% of white women, p-value = 0.003). Hypertension was more prevalent in black women (76.4% versus 58.8%, p-value = 0.009), and they had longer hospital stays after surgery despite similar rates of open vs minimally invasive procedures and lymph node dissection (mean days = 5.4) compared to whites (mean days = 3.5, p-value = 0.036). Wound infection was the most common complication (16.5% in whites and 14.4% in blacks, p-value = 0.888). Blacks were more likely to suffer other complications, but overall the proportions did not differ by race. In univariate analyses, black women had higher risk of endometrial cancer-related death (p-value = 0.090). No racial differences were noted in adjusted survival analyses. Conclusion A more complete investigation, incorporating socio-demographic factors, is warranted to understand the effects of morbid obesity and race on endometrial cancer.
    Gynecologic Oncology 01/2014; 133(1):38–42. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain metastases from primary breast cancer are difficult to treat and associated with poor prognosis. Our understanding of the molecular basis for the development of such cancers is sparse. We hypothesized that the pro-metastatic microRNA-10b (miR-10b) plays a role in breast cancer brain metastasis. The study cohort comprised of twenty patients with breast cancer and brain metastasis as well as ten control patients (age, stage, and follow-up matched) with breast cancer without brain metastasis. All cases were microscopically reviewed to select tumor blocks with >50% tumor cells. RNA was extracted from formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue blocks. Expression of miR-10b was analyzed using qRT-PCR. The relevance of miR-10b expression was also tested using human breast cancer cell lines. An increased expression of miR-10b was noted in the primary breast cancer specimens of patients who subsequently developed brain metastasis, compared to those who did not. miR-10b also increased the invasive potential of breast cancer cells in vitro. Wilcoxon signed rank test revealed a statistically significant difference between the paired tumors from breast cancers and brain metastasis (p <0.001). Increased expression of miR-10b appears to be associated with breast cancer brain metastasis. These findings are clinically relevant since miR-10b could serve as a prognostic and/or therapeutic target for anti-metastatic therapy. Identifying molecular signatures of primary breast cancers which have a propensity for brain metastasis is critical for designing novel therapies to counter the development of brain metastasis in patients diagnosed with breast cancer.
    American Journal of Translational Research 01/2014; 6(4):384-90.
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    ABSTRACT: This article reviews the molecular features and pathogenesis of gynecologic malignancies. Understanding the molecular basis of endometrial carcinoma helps to provide an explanation for the prognosis of these tumors and opens up avenues for research into novel therapies that may prove beneficial.
    Clinics in laboratory medicine 12/2013; 33(4):911-925. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay, Rouba Ali-Fehmi
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    ABSTRACT: The most significant contribution of molecular subtyping of breast carcinomas has been the identification of estrogen-positive and estrogen-negative tumor subtypes, which are 2 distinct entities with differing prognoses and requiring different therapy. Molecular and genetic analyses can provide prognostic information; however, a thorough histopathologic evaluation with an evaluation of predictive biomarkers will provide similar information. Knowledge of genetic alterations in these tumors will help identify novel therapeutic targets, which might have an impact on prognosis. Understanding the progression pathways involved in the transition of in situ carcinoma to invasive carcinoma might lead to efficient risk stratification in these patients.
    Clinics in laboratory medicine 12/2013; 33(4):891-909. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A subset of uterine serous carcinoma (USC) may have better clinical behavior bringing up the possibility that there may be morphologic features, which would help in their categorization. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential use of the MD Anderson Cancer Center 2-tier grading system for ovarian carcinoma in USC. Tumors assigned a combined score included in this analysis were 1) low-grade: tumors without marked atypia and 12 mitoses/10 high power field (HPF) and 2) high grade: tumors with severe nuclear atypia and >12 mitoses/10 HPF. Clinicopathologic parameters evaluated included patients' age, tumor size, myometrial invasion (MI), lymphovascular invasion (LVI), lymph node (LN), FIGO stage, and patient outcome. 140 patients with USC were included, 30 low grade uterine serous carcinoma (LGUSC) and 110 high grade uterine serous carcinoma (HGUSC). Of all parameters only 2 (MI and stage IA) reached statistical significance. 67% of LGUSC cases showed myometrial invasion versus 93.6% HGUSC cases (p=0.003). A higher percentage of LGUSC (63.3%) versus HGUSC (32.7%) were in stage IA (p=0.01). However, by multivariate analysis including age, LVI, stage and tumor grade only stage was an independent prognostic factor. The presence of atypia and mitosis across a uterine serous carcinoma is notoriously variable in magnitude and extent, potentially making evaluation of these features difficult and subsequent grading subjective. Our findings thus show that actual prognostic utility of application of MDACC two-tier grading system to uterine serous carcinoma may not be applicable.
    Gynecologic Oncology 11/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) is believed to be associated with cell survival. We examined (i) whether PDGFRα blockade enhances the antitumor activity of taxanes in ovarian carcinoma and (ii) potential biomarkers of response to anti-PDGFRα therapy. PDGFRα expression in 176 ovarian carcinomas was evaluated with tissue microarray and correlated to survival outcome. Human-specific monoclonal antibody to PDGFRα (IMC-3G3) was used for in vitro and in vivo experiments with or without docetaxel. Gene microarrays and reverse-phase protein arrays with pathway analyses were performed to identify potential predictive biomarkers. When compared to low or no PDGFRα expression, increased PDGFRα expression was associated with significantly poorer overall survival of patients with ovarian cancer (P=0.014). Although treatment with IMC-3G3 alone did not affect cell viability or increase apoptosis, concurrent use of IMC-3G3 with docetaxel significantly enhanced sensitization to docetaxel and apoptosis. In an orthotopic mouse model, IMC-3G3 monotherapy had no significant antitumor effects in SKOV3-ip1 (low PDGFRα expression), but showed significant antitumor effects in HeyA8-MDR (high PDGFRα expression). Concurrent use of IMC-3G3 with docetaxel, compared with use of docetaxel alone, significantly reduced tumor weight in all tested cell lines. In protein ontology, the EGFR and AKT pathways were downregulated by IMC-3G3 therapy. MAPK and CCNB1 were downregulated only in the HeyA8-MDR model. These data identify IMC-3G3 as an attractive therapeutic strategy and identify potential predictive markers for further development.
    Gynecologic Oncology 10/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Poorer survival from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in African Americans (AA) may be due to disparity in the prevalence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) but earlier studies often failed to control other etiological factors. We aimed to elucidate whether racial disparities in HPV prevalence and overall survival were due to confounding from smoking or alcohol use. 385 patients with SCC of the mouth, pharynx, nose, or larynx who had surgical resection at Wayne State University affiliated hospitals were identified through a population-based cancer registry. Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue blocks were used to determine the presence of HPV DNA and its genotype using a sensitive broad-spectrum PCR technique. Patients' demographics, tumor characteristics and vital status were obtained through record linkage with the registry data and smoking and alcohol information was abstracted from medical record. Cox's proportional hazard model and unconditional logistic regression models were employed to analyze the overall survival and tumor HPV-positivity, respectively. HPV positivity in oropharyngeal cancer was substantially lower in AA than in other racial groups (odds ratio 0.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05-0.37) and adjustment for smoking or alcohol did not change this association. However, a significantly increased hazard ratio of death in AA oropharyngeal cancer patients (univariable hazard ratio (HR) 2.55, 95% CI 1.42-4.59) decreased to almost unity (HR 1.49, 95% CI 0.75-2.93) after adjustment for HPV and smoking. Lower HPV prevalence in AA largely accounts for their poorer survival from oropharyngeal cancer, but not other HNSSC.
    American journal of otolaryngology 09/2013; · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of endocervical adenocarcinoma is largely based on tumor size and depth of invasion (DOI); however, DOI is difficult to measure accurately. The surgical treatment includes resection of regional lymph nodes, even though most lymph nodes are negative and lymphadenectomies can cause significant morbidity. We have investigated alternative parameters to better identify patients at risk of node metastases. Cases of invasive endocervical adenocarcinoma from 12 institutions were reviewed, and clinical/pathologic features assessed: patients' age, tumor size, DOI, differentiation, lymph-vascular invasion, lymph node metastases, recurrences, and stage. Cases were classified according to a new pattern-based system into Pattern A (well-demarcated glands), B (early destructive stromal invasion arising from well-demarcated glands), and C (diffuse destructive invasion). In total, 352 cases (FIGO Stages I-IV) were identified. Patients' age ranged from 20 to 83 years (mean 45), DOI ranged from 0.2 to 27 mm (mean 6.73), and lymph-vascular invasion was present in 141 cases. Forty-nine (13.9%) demonstrated lymph node metastases. Using this new system, 73 patients (20.7%) with Pattern A tumors (all Stage I) were identified. None had lymph node metastases and/or recurrences. Ninety patients (25.6%) had Pattern B tumors, of which 4 (4.4%) had positive nodes; whereas 189 (53.7%) had Pattern C tumors, of which 45 (23.8%) had metastatic nodes. The proposed classification system can spare 20.7% of patients (Pattern A) of unnecessary lymphadenectomy. Patients with Pattern B rarely present with positive nodes. An aggressive approach is justified in patients with Pattern C. This classification system is simple, easy to apply, and clinically significant.
    International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 09/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of lymph node (LN) metastases or extrauterine disease (ED) in low-grade (FIGO grade 1 or 2) endometrioid carcinoma (LGEC) in a multi-institutional setting. For LGEC with and without LN metastasis or ED, each of the 9 participating institutions evaluated patients' age, tumor size, myometrial invasion (MI), FIGO grade, % solid component, the presence or absence of papillary architecture, microcystic, elongated, and fragmented glands (MELF), single-cell/cell-cluster invasion (SCI), lymphovascular invasion (LVI), lower uterine segment (LUS) and cervical stromal (CX) involvement, and numbers of pelvic and para-aortic LNs sampled. A total of 304 cases were reviewed: LN or ED, 96; LN/ED, 208. Patients' ages ranged from 23 to 91 years (median 61 y). Table 1 summarizes the histopathologic variables that were noted for the LN or ED group: tumor size ≥2 cm, 93/96 (97%); MI>50%, 54/96 (56%); MELF, 67/96 (70%); SCI, 33/96 (34%); LVI, 79/96 (82%); >20% solid, 65/96 (68%); papillary architecture present, 68/96 (72%); LUS involved, 64/96 (67%); and CX involved, 41/96 (43%). For the LN/ED group, the results were as follows: tumor size ≥2 cm, 152/208 (73%); MI>50%, 56/208 (27%); MELF, 79/208 (38%); SCI, 19/208 (9%); LVI, 56/208 (27%); >20% solid, 160/208 (77%); papillary architecture present, 122/208 (59%); LUS involved, 77/208 (37%); CX involved, 24/208 (12%). There was no evidence of a difference in the number of pelvic or para-aortic LNs sampled between groups (P=0.9 and 0.1, respectively). After multivariate analysis, the depth of MI, CX involvement, LVI, and SCI emerged as significant predictors of advanced-stage disease. Although univariate analysis pointed to LUS involvement, MELF pattern of invasion, and papillary architecture as possible predictors of advanced-stage disease, these were not shown to be significant by multivariate analysis. This study validates MI, CX involvement, and LVI as significant predictors of LN or ED. The association of SCI pattern with advanced-stage LGEC is a novel finding.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 09/2013; · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The miR-200 family is well known to inhibit the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, suggesting it may therapeutically inhibit metastatic biology. However, conflicting reports regarding the role of miR-200 in suppressing or promoting metastasis in different cancer types have left unanswered questions. Here we demonstrate a difference in clinical outcome based on miR-200's role in blocking tumour angiogenesis. We demonstrate that miR-200 inhibits angiogenesis through direct and indirect mechanisms by targeting interleukin-8 and CXCL1 secreted by the tumour endothelial and cancer cells. Using several experimental models, we demonstrate the therapeutic potential of miR-200 delivery in ovarian, lung, renal and basal-like breast cancers by inhibiting angiogenesis. Delivery of miR-200 members into the tumour endothelium resulted in marked reductions in metastasis and angiogenesis, and induced vascular normalization. The role of miR-200 in blocking cancer angiogenesis in a cancer-dependent context defines its utility as a potential therapeutic agent.
    Nature Communications 09/2013; 4:2427. · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 08/2013; 73(8 Supplement):168-168. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the differences in demographic features, clinicopathologic features, and survival in patients with vulvar/vaginal melanoma versus cutaneous melanoma with a special emphasis on race. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database from 1973 to 2008. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox multivariate model were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Seven hundred sixty-two patients with vulvar/vaginal melanoma and 55,485 patients with cutaneous melanoma patients were included in the study. Twenty-eight patients of the vulvar/vaginal group and 334 patients of the cutaneous group were black (3.6% vs 0.6%, respectively). The median age at the time of diagnosis was 68 years in the vulvar/vaginal group and 52 years in the cutaneous group (P < 0.0001). Three hundred fifty patients (45.9%) in the vulvar/vaginal and 46,499 patients (83.8%) in the cutaneous group presented with localized disease (P < 0.0001), whereas 64 patients (8.4%) in the vulvar/vaginal group and 1520 patients (2.7%) in cutaneous group presented with advanced disease (P = 0.0081). The median survival of the black patients was 16 months in the vulvar/vaginal group and 124 months in the cutaneous melanoma group (P < 0.0001). The median survival in the nonblack population was 39 months in the vulvar/vaginal group compared to 319 months in the cutaneous melanoma group (P <0.0001). In multivariate analysis performed for patients between 1988 and 2008, age, stage, and positive lymph nodes were negative independent prognostic factors for survival in vulvar/vaginal melanoma; whereas age, race, stage, radiation therapy, and lymph node positivity were negative prognostic factors in cutaneous melanoma. CONCLUSION: These findings emphasize that cutaneous and vulvar/vaginal melanomas have different clinicopathologic features and survival patterns.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 06/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

913 Citations
324.23 Total Impact Points


  • 2005–2014
    • Karmanos Cancer Institute
      • Division of Hematology and Oncology
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2003–2014
    • Wayne State University
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2010–2013
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      • • Department of Thoracic Head Neck Medical Oncology
      • • Department of Gynecologic Oncology
      Houston, TX, United States
  • 2004–2013
    • Harper University Hospital
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
  • 2012
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2011
    • Henry Ford Hospital
      Detroit, Michigan, United States
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Seattle, WA, United States
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      Rochester, Minnesota, United States