ABSTRACT: Context: Transition of diabetic patients from iv insulin infusion to sc insulin frequently results in rebound hyperglycemia. Objectives: We hypothesized that initiation of a long-acting insulin therapy concurrently with iv insulin infusion would decrease the rate of rebound hyperglycemia after discontinuation of the insulin infusion. Design and Intervention: Sixty-one diabetic patients receiving iv insulin therapy participated in this prospective randomized study. Subjects in the intervention group received daily injections of glargine sc (0.25 U/kg body weight) starting within 12 h of initiation of iv insulin infusion. Capillary blood glucose measurements were obtained up to 12 h after discontinuation of insulin infusion. Rebound hyperglycemia was defined as a blood glucose level greater than 180 mg/dl. Setting: The study was conducted at the University of Colorado Hospital. Patients: Sixty-one hospitalized patients with known type 1 or type 2 diabetes receiving iv insulin infusion participated in the study. Main Outcome: The primary outcome of this study was to compare the rates of rebound hyperglycemia between the control and the intervention groups after iv insulin infusion is discontinued. Results: Overall, 29 subjects in the control group (93.5%) had at least one glucose value above 180 mg/dl during the 12-h follow-up period. This was significantly greater than the rate of rebound hyperglycemia in the intervention group (10 subjects or 33.3%, P < 0.001). The effect of the intervention was apparent in subjects who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis, after solid organ transplantation, and in patients with other surgical and medical diagnoses. There were three hypoglycemic measurements in two control subjects (68, 62, and 58 mg/dl) and none in the intervention group. Conclusions: Once-daily sc insulin glargine administered during iv insulin infusion is a safe method for preventing future rebound hyperglycemia, without increased risk of hypoglycemia.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 06/2012; 97(9):3132-7. · 6.50 Impact Factor