Publications (2)2.07 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Our study aimed at the identification of anti-inflammatory activities of different fractions of C. sadleriana extract after per os administration in rats, the identification of the active compounds of the plant and the investigation of the in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of Centaurea species native to or cultivated in the Carpathian Basin. The aerial parts of Centaurea sadleriana Janka have been used in Hungarian folk medicine to treat the wounds of sheep. Methanol extract of C. sadleriana was fractioned by solvent-solvent partitioning. The n-hexane fraction was further fractionated and the anti-inflammatory activities of certain subfractions were confirmed in vivo in rats. The n-hexane and chloroform fraction of the methanol extract of C. sadleriana exhibited remarkable COX-1 and COX-2 inhibiting effects in vitro. Chromatographic separation of the fractions led to the identification of the active subfractions and 11 compounds (α-linolenic acid, γ-linolenic acid, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, campesterol, vanillin, pectolinarigenin, salvigenin, hispidulin, chrysoeriol and apigenin). The in vitro screening for anti-inflammatory activities of further Centaurea species occurring in the Carpathian Basin (C. adjarica, C. bracteata, C. cataonica, C. cynaroides, C. dealbata, C. indurata, C. macrocephala, C. melitensis, C. nigrescens, C. ruthenica) revealed considerable COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitory activities. Because C. sadleriana is an endangered species native only to the Carpathian Basin, the investigation of more prevalent species is reasonable. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Phytotherapy Research 06/2012; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Physalis alkekengi L. (bladder cherry, Chinese lantern, winter cherry) is an unusual species of the family Solanaceae. Although accumulation of alkaloids is characteristic to Solanaceae species, and accordingly the root and above ground parts of P. alkekengi are toxic, its fruits are in exceptionally edible. The present paper deals with the investigation of antioxidant hydrophilic compounds of the fruits in order to find correlation between the quantity of the constituents and antioxidant capacity of the extracts. Dried and fresh, freeze stored fruits were extracted with water, and the ascorbic acid and total polyphenol content of the fruits was determined. Furthermore, the antioxidant effect was investigated by DPPH test, and in vitro using the rat-brain homogenate method. The antioxidant activity measured by DPPH (fresh fruit: IC50 = 2.48 mg/ml; dried fruit: IC50 = 22.32 mg/ml) showed good correlation with the ascorbic acid content of the fruit (fresh fruit: 1.095%; dried fruit: 0.162%), and exhibited substantial decrease due the drying process. Lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity was found to be weaker as the DPPH radical scavenger capacity, however, also showed a decrease during the drying process of the fruit (fresh fruit: IC50 = 6.43 mg/ml; dried fruit: IC50 = 15.59 mg/ml). Our results clearly demonstrated the radical scavenger and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity of aqueous extracts of bladder cherry, and indicate that the conservation and processing technology significantly influenced the antioxidant activity and the content of the active ingredients.Acta pharmaceutica Hungarica 01/2009; 79(4):169-73.