ABSTRACT: The role of laparoscopic proctectomy in rectal cancer has not clearly been defined. Publications on long-term outcomes after laparoscopic proctectomy is lacking and there is a wide variation of practice patterns of rectal cancer management. Current data supports the feasibility of laparoscopic proctectomy for rectal cancer but due to surgeon, patient and tumor related factors open technique may be favored. Current series suggest that laparoscopic proctectomy can be performed with similar oncologic adequacy with regards to, circumferential resection margin, distal margin, local recurrence and quality of life. Ongoing trials will provide evidence clarifying the role of laparoscopic proctectomy in rectal cancer. Until then, high-level laparoscopic skills and meticulous preoperative evaluation of both patient and tumor can identify appropriate candidates.
Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 06/2012; 22(3):175-9. · 1.23 Impact Factor