ABSTRACT: Russell bodies are pink eosinophilic accumulations within plasma cells. To date, two hypotheses have attempted to elucidate the biological events behind the formation of these bodies. One theory sustains that such bodies constitute cytoplasmic accumulation of immunoglobulin derivatives contained in the perinuclear cistern of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum because of an increased synthesis or altered secretion. On the other hand, since its initial description in the medical literature, several authors have attributed the formation of such bodies to the presence of microorganisms such as in the case of Russell body gastritis and its association to Helicobacter pylori infection. In an attempt to possibly characterize the presence of an infectious organism, we performed a thorough biomolecular analysis on a case of a 69-year-old female presenting with Russell body duodenitis which, to the best of our knowledge, constitutes the second report of this clinical entity in the English literature. In light that the events behind formation of such bodies in H. pylori-negative individuals remain unclear, we hypothesize on the possible pathways that could have led to their reactive mechanical and immune derivation.
Pathology - Research and Practice 06/2012; 208(7):415-9. · 1.21 Impact Factor