ABSTRACT: Contamination of wine by Dekkera/Brettanomyces bruxellensis is mostly due to the production of off-flavours identified as vinyl- and especially ethyl-phenols, but these yeasts can also produce several other spoiling metabolites, such as acetic acid and biogenic amines. Little information is available about the correlation between growth, viability and off-flavour and biogenic amine production. In the present work, five strains of Dekkera bruxellensis isolated from wine were analysed over 3 months in wine-like environment for growth, cell survival, carbon source utilization and production of volatile phenols and biogenic amines. Our data indicate that the wine spoilage potential of D. bruxellensis is strain dependent, being strictly associated with the ability to grow under oenological conditions. 4-Ethyl-phenol and 4-ethyl-guaiacol production ranged between 0 and 2.7 and 2 mg L(-1), respectively, depending on the growth conditions. Putrescine, cadaverine and spermidine were the biogenic amines found.
FEMS Yeast Research 07/2008; 8(7):1087-96. · 2.40 Impact Factor