[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT:
During the last decade Entamoeba moshkovskii has become relevant given its capacity to infect humans, especially when considering that it is morphologically indistinguishable from E. histolytica. For a long time, E. moshkovskii was considered as a free living amoeba, but in the last decade it has been demonstrated that E. moshkovskii can infect humans and can be found more frequently in regions where amebiasis shows high prevalence values, becoming a challenge to differentiate it from the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex. Recently there have been studies that raise the possibility that E. moshkovskii could be a pathogenic species, as there are reports in different countries that associated this infection with gastrointestinal symptoms even though others have described it as a non pathogenic species. For this reasons, both clinical and epidemiological studies are required.