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ABSTRACT: Vehicle-based applications were recently introduced to improve traffic safety and efficiency. These applications are classified
into either safety-oriented or non-safety-oriented applications. Safety-oriented applications are typically provided by means
of vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications to support reliable and fast alert message propagation to all surrounding vehicles
when an emergency occurs on the road. In vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) broadcast-based packet forwarding is typically preferred
for the propagation of urgent traffic-related information to all reachable nodes within a specified dangerous region. However,
this approach may cause broadcast storm problems, which can lead to serious contention between transmissions from adjacent
nodes. In this paper, we propose an alert message propagation scheme that is based on selective forwarding and aims to i)
minimize the number of rebroadcasting nodes and ii) guarantee reliable and fast alert message delivery to all reachable nodes.
Our scheme was evaluated using two different highway scenarios. The simulation results demonstrated that the performance of
the proposed scheme was better than that of existing broadcast schemes in terms of the message delivery latency, the message
delivery ratio, and the message rebroadcasting ratio.
Key WordsMulti-hop broadcast–Selective forwarding–V2V communication–Alert message–VANET
International Journal of Automotive Technology 04/2011; 12(2):251-264. DOI:10.1007/s12239-011-0030-z · 0.97 Impact Factor