ABSTRACT: The potential neurotoxin 1-trichloromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (TaClo) has recently been suggested to be a causative factor in the clinical development of parkinsonian symptoms after long-term exposure to precursor compounds such as the hypnotic chloral hydrate. TaClo is known to cause cell death in dopaminergic neuronal cells, however, the pathway and mechanisms remain undefined. This study reports for the first time that TaClo promotes cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells within 2 hours of initial exposure. TaClo also caused superoxide production from isolated mitochondria, which was comparable in response time and magnitude to production elicited by more established respiratory inhibitors such as rotenone and antimycin A. These findings present new evidence in support of TaClo-induced neuronal death via superoxide signalling and oxidative stress.
Redox report: communications in free radical research 05/2012; 17(3):108-14. · 1.51 Impact Factor