Alica Vikartovská

Slovak Academy of Sciences, Presburg, Bratislavský, Slovakia

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Publications (49)119.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A high-performance biocatalyst in the form of encapsulated cells of Gluconobacter oxydans have been developed for production of phenylacetic acid (PAA) as a natural flavor component. Polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) capsules consisting of sodium alginate, cellulose sulfate, poly(methylene-co-guanidine), CaCl2, and NaCl were used for highly controlled and mild encapsulation of cells. Utilization of encapsulated G. oxydans cells was a significant improvement on existing data on operational stability of cells and cumulative product concentration during biocatalytic production of PAA from 2-phenylethanol. Concerning operational stability, encapsulated cells were active over 12 cycles with a high biotransformation rate, while free cells were inactive after 7 cycles of use. The biocatalytic properties of encapsulated G. oxydans were tested in a bubble column reactor over 7 days with a final cumulative product concentration of 25 g/L. High cell viability (90%) was observed within PEC capsules by confocal laser scanning microscopy, performed before and after repetitive PAA production in the bubble column reactor. The surface microstructure of fully hydrated capsules with and without G. oxydans cells was investigated and compared using an environmental scanning electron microscope.
    Biocatalysis and Biotransformation 06/2015; DOI:10.3109/10242422.2015.1053470 · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Impedimetric lectin biosensors capable of recognising two different carbohydrates (galactose and sialic acid) in glycans attached to antibodies isolated from human serum were prepared. The first step entailed the modification of a gold surface by a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) deposited from a solution containing a carboxybetaine-terminated thiol applied to the subsequent covalent immobilisation of lectins and to resist non-specific protein adsorption. In the next step, Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) or Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) were covalently attached to the SAM and the whole process of building a bioreceptive layer was optimised and characterised using a diverse range of techniques including electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, quartz crystal microbalance, contact angle measurements, zeta-potential assays, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. In addition, the application of the SNA-based lectin biosensor in the glycoprofiling of antibodies isolated from the human sera of healthy individuals and of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was successfully validated using an SNA-based lectin microarray. The results showed that the SNA lectin, in particular, is capable of discriminating between the antibodies isolated from healthy individuals and those from RA patients based on changes in the amount of sialic acid present in the antibodies. In addition, the results obtained by the application of RCA and SNA biosensors indicate that the abundance of galactose and sialic acid in antibodies isolated from healthy individuals is age-related.
    Langmuir 06/2015; 31(25):7148-7157. DOI:10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b00944 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A microbial biosensor for 2-phenylethanol (2-PE) based on the bacteria Gluconobacter oxydans was developed and applied in monitoring of a biotechnological process. The cells of G. oxydans were immobilized within a disposable polyelectrolyte complex gel membrane consisting of sodium alginate, cellulose sulphate and poly(methylene-co-guanidine) attached onto a miniaturized Clark oxygen electrode, forming whole cell amperometric biosensor. Measured changes in oxygen concentration were proportional to changes in 2-PE concentration. The biosensor sensitivity was 864 nA mM−1 (RSD = 6%), a detection limit of 1 μM, and the biosensor response towards 2-PE was linear in the range 0.02–0.70 mM. The biosensor preserved 93% of its initial sensitivity after 7 h of continuous operation and exhibited excellent storage stability with loss of only 6% of initial sensitivity within two months, when stored at 4 °C. The developed system was designed and successfully used for an off-line monitoring of whole course of 2-PE biooxidation process producing phenylacetic acid (PA) as industrially valuable aromatic compound. The biosensor measurement did not require the use of hazardous organic solvent. The biosensor response to 2-PE was not affected by interferences from PA and phenylacetaldehyde at concentrations present in real samples during the biotransformation and the results were in a very good agreement with those obtained via gas chromatography.
    Analytica Chimica Acta 01/2015; 854:140-144. DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2014.11.012 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease seriously affecting patient́s quality of life. The heterogeneity of the disease also means that identification and subsequent validation of biomarkers of the disease is quite challenging. A fully validated single biomarker for diagnosis, prognosis, disease activity and assessment of response to therapy is not yet available. The main aim of this study was to apply an alternative assay protocol to the immunoassay-based analysis of this disease by employment of sialic acid recognizing lectin Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) to glycoprofile serum samples. To our best knowledge this is the first study describing direct lectin-based glycoprofiling of serum SSc samples. Three different analytical methods for glycoprofiling of serum samples relying on application of lectins are compared here from a bioanalytical point of view including traditional ELISA-like lectin-based method (ELLA), novel fluorescent lectin microarrays and ultrasensitive impedimetric lectin biosensors. Results obtained by all three bioanalytical methods consistently showed differences in the level of sialic acid present on glycoproteins, when serum from healthy people was compared to the one from patients having SSc. Thus, analysis of sialic acid content in human serum could be of a diagnostic value for future detection of SSc, but further work is needed to enhance selectivity of assays for example by glycoprofiling of a fraction of human serum enriched in antibodies for individual diagnostics.
    Analytica Chimica Acta 01/2015; 853:555-562. DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2014.10.029 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    Analytica Chimica Acta 01/2015; 854:140-144. · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Biotechnology 09/2014; 185:S21. DOI:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.07.070 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    Tomáš Bertók, Alena Sediva, Alica Vikartovska, Jan Tkac
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    ABSTRACT: We present here comparison of a build-up of two ultrasensitive lectin biosensors based on 2D or 3D architecture. A 2D lectin biosensor was prepared by a covalent immobilisation of lectin Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA) recognising sialic acid directly on a mixed self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on planar gold surfaces. A 3D biosensor was prepared by covalent immobilisation of SNA lectin on a mixed SAM layer formed on gold nanoparticles. Surface plasmon resonance technique allowed to follow kinetics of a mixed SAM (1:1 mixture of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid and 6-mercaptohexanol) formation on a bare gold electrode and on an electrode modified by 5 nm and 20 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Results from the study revealed that a mixed SAM formation is slower on surfaces with increased curvature, the process of SAM formation on all surfaces is completed within 6 min, but a density of thiols on such surfaces differs significantly. Quartz crystal microbalance experiments showed that a surface density of immobilised lectin of (2.53 ± 0.01) pmol cm-2 was higher on planar gold surface compared to the surface modified by 20 nm AuNPs with a surface density of (0.94 ± 0.01) pmol cm-2 . Even though a larger amount of SNA lectin was immobilised on a surface of the 2D biosensor compared to the 3D biosensor, lectin molecules immobilised on AuNPs were more accessible for its analytes – glycoproteins fetuin and asialofetuin, containing different amount of sialic acid on the protein surface. Most likely a better accessibility of lectin for its analytes on a 3D surface and proper interfacial properties of a 3D surface are behind unprecedented detection limit down to aM level for the lectin biosensor based on such a nanoscale tuned interface.
    International journal of electrochemical science 01/2014; 9:890-900. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Current Opinion in Biotechnology 07/2013; 24:S59-S60. DOI:10.1016/j.copbio.2013.05.152 · 8.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrasensitive impedimetric lectin biosensors recognising different glycan entities on serum glycoproteins were constructed. Lectins were immobilised on novel mixed self-assembled monolayer containing 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid for covalent immobilisation of lectins and betaine terminated thiol to resist non-specific interactions. Construction of biosensors based on Concanavalin A (Con A), Sambucus nigra agglutinin type I (SNA) and Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) on polycrystalline gold electrodes was optimised and characterised with a battery of tools including electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, various electrochemical techniques, QCM, FTIR spectroscopy, AFM, XPS and compared with a protein/lectin microarray. The lectin biosensors were able to detect glycoproteins from 1 fM (Con A), 10 fM (RCA) or 100 fM (SNA) with a linear range spanning 6 (SNA), 7 (RCA) or 8 (Con A) orders of magnitude. Furthermore, a detection limit for the Con A biosensor down to 1 aM was achieved in a sandwich configuration. A non-specific binding of proteins for the Con A biosensor was only 6.1% (probed with an oxidised invertase) of the signal towards its analyte invertase and a negligible non-specific interaction of the Con A biosensor was observed in diluted human sera (1000x), as well. The performance of the lectin biosensors was finally tested by glycoprofiling of human serum samples from healthy individuals and those having rheumatoid arthritis, which resulted in distinct glycan pattern between these two groups.
    Analytical Chemistry 07/2013; 85(15):7324-7332. DOI:10.1021/ac401281t · 5.83 Impact Factor
  • ADEPT - Advances in Electronic and Photonic Technologies; 01/2013
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    ABSTRACT: The genus Gluconobacter is frequently used for biotechnological and/or nanotechnological applications. We studied endogenous fluorescence of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H), indicator of the oxidative metabolic state in mammalian cells, in Gluconobacter oxydans (G. oxydans). Time-resolved measurements (excitation by 375nm pulsed diode laser) were employed to record the bacterial fluorescence intensity, as well as its modifications by metabolic modulation. Results were gathered on fresh bacteria, on de-frozen ones, as well as on bacteria encapsulated in alginate beads. NAD(P)H fluorescence increased linearly with the concentration of bacteria. Freezing, which has little effect on the viability of bacteria or the concentration-dependent fluorescence rise, affected the temperature-dependence of NAD(P)H fluorescence. Sodium cyanide (10 mM) provoked significant rise in the NAD(P)H fluorescence, while dinitrophenol (200 μM) induced its decrease, confirming the bacterial NAD(P)H fluorescence sensitivity to modulators of electron transport chain. Gathered results demonstrate that endogenous NAD(P)H fluorescence can be successfully recorded in the bacterial strain G. oxydans using time-resolved measurements.
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 01/2013; 8588:85880V1-11. DOI:10.1117/12.2001368 · 0.20 Impact Factor
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    Chemical Papers 01/2012; 66:983-998. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    Chemical Papers 01/2012; 66:983-998. · 1.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel bionanocomposite prepared by a direct mixing of bacterial cells of Gluconobacter oxydans and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was applied for preparation of a mediated microbial bioanode for ethanol (EtOH) oxidation. The sensitivity of (162 ± 3) μA mM− 1 cm− 2 achieved is the highest among microbial based biosensor devices for EtOH oxidation published to date. Further, high performance of the oxidation process can be underlined by a short response time and a maximal current density of (261 ± 4) μA cm− 2.
    Electrochemistry Communications 09/2011; 13(9):966. · 4.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel bionanocomposite prepared by a direct mixing of bacterial cells of Gluconobacter oxydans and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was applied for preparation of a mediated microbial bioanode for ethanol (EtOH) oxidation. The sensitivity of (162 +/- 3) mu A mM(-1) cm(-2) achieved is the highest among microbial based biosensor devices for EtOH oxidation published to date. Further, high performance of the oxidation process can be underlined by a short response time and a maximal current density of (261 +/- 4) mu A cm(-2).
    Electrochemistry Communications 09/2011; 13(9-9):966-968. DOI:10.1016/j.elecom.2011.06.013 · 4.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An original strategy for universal laboratory testing of Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases based on continuous packed-bed minireactor connected with flow calorimeter and integrated with bubble-free oxygenation is reported. Model enantioselective Baeyer-Villiger biooxidations of rac-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one to corresponding lactones (1R,5S)-3-oxabicyclo-[3.3.0]oct-6-en-3-one and (1S,5R)-2-oxabicyclo-[3.3.0]oct-6-en-3-one as important chiral synthons for the synthesis of bioactive compounds were performed in the minireactor equipped with a column packed with encapsulated recombinant cells Escherichia coli overexpressing cyclohexanone monooxygenase. The cells were encapsulated in polyelectrolyte complex capsules formed by reaction of oppositely charged polymers utilizing highly reproducible and controlled encapsulation process. Encapsulated cells tested in minireactor exhibited high operational stability with 4 complete substrate conversions to products and 6 conversions above 80% within 14 repeated consecutive biooxidation tests. Moreover, encapsulated cells showed high enzyme stability during 91 days of storage with substrate conversions above 80% up to 60 days of storage. Furthermore, usable thermometric signal of Baeyer-Villiger biooxidation obtained by flow calorimetry using encapsulated cells was utilized for preparatory kinetic study in order to guarantee sub-inhibitory initial substrate concentration for biooxidation tests.
    Enzyme and Microbial Technology 08/2011; 49(3):284-288. DOI:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2011.05.013 · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glucose oxidase from Aspergillus niger, the specific enzyme for β-d-glucose oxidation, can also oxidize other related saccharides at very slow or negligible rates. The present study aimed to compare the kinetics of d-glucose oxidation using immobilized glucose oxidase on bead cellulose for the oxidation of related saccharides using the same biocatalyst. The significant differences were observed between the reaction rates for d-glucose and other saccharides examined. As a result, k cat/K M ratio for d-glucose was determined to be 42 times higher than d-mannose, 61.6 times higher than d-galactose, 279 times higher than d-xylose, and 254 times higher than for d-fructose and d-cellobiose. On the basis of these differences, the ability of immobilized glucose oxidase to remove d-glucose from d-cellobiose, d-glucose from d-xylose, and d-xylose from d-lyxose was examined. Immobilized catalase on Eupergit and mixed with immobilized glucose oxidase on bead cellulose or co-immobilized with glucose oxidase on bead cellulose was used for elimination of hydrogen peroxide from the reaction mixture. The accelerated elimination of d-glucose and d-xylose in the presence of co-immobilized catalase was observed. The co-immobilized glucose oxidase and catalase were able to decrease d-glucose or d-xylose content to 0–0.005% of their initial concentrations, while a minimum decrease of low oxidized saccharides d-xylose, d-cellobiose, and d-lyxose, respectively, was observed. KeywordsGlucose oxidase-Catalase-Saccharides-Oxidation kinetics-Immobilized enzymes
    Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 11/2010; 162(6):1669-1677. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recombinant Escherichia coli cells, over-expressing cyclopentanone monooxygenase activity, were immobilized in polyelectrolyte complex capsules, made of sodium alginate, cellulose sulfate, poly(methylene-co-guanidine), CaCl(2) and NaCl. More than 90% of the cell viability was preserved during the encapsulation process. Moreover, the initial enzyme activity was fully maintained within encapsulated cells while it halved in free cells. Both encapsulated and free cells reached the end point of the Baeyer-Villiger biooxidation of 8-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-en-3-one to 4,9-dioxabicyclo[4.2.1]non-7-en-3-one at the same time (48 h). Similarly, the enantiomeric excess above 94% was identical for encapsulated and free cells.
    Biotechnology Letters 05/2010; 32(5):675-80. DOI:10.1007/s10529-010-0203-2 · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel encapsulated oxidative biocatalyst comprising glucose oxidase (GOD) coencapsulated with oxygen carriers within polyelectrolyte complex capsules was developed for the production of D-gluconic acid and delta-gluconolactone. The capsules containing immobilized GOD were produced by polyelectrolyte complexation with sodium alginate (SA) and cellulose sulfate (CS) as polyanions, poly(methylene-co-guanidine) (PMCG) as the polycation, CaCl(2) as the gelling agent and NaCl as the antigelling agent (GOD-SA-CS/PMCG capsules). Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and an emulsion of n-dodecane (DOD) or perfluorodecaline (PFD) with PDMS were used as the oxygen carriers and MnO(2) was used as a hydrogen peroxide decomposition catalyst. Water-soluble PDMS was found to act as both an oxygen carrier and an emulsifier of water-insoluble DOD and PFD. Stable microcapsules could be produced with concentrations of up to 4% (w/w) of PDMS, 10% (w/w) of DOD and PFD, and 25% (w/w) of MnO(2) in the polyanion solution of SA and CS. Roughly a two-fold increase in the GOD activity from 21.0+/-1.1 to 38.4+/-2.0 U*g(-1) and product space-time yields (STY) from 44.3+/-2.0 to 83.4+/-3.4 g*H*day(-1) could be achieved utilizing coencapsulated oxygen carriers compared to GOD encapsulated in the absence of oxygen carriers. This enhanced production does not significantly depend on the selected oxygen carrier under the conditions used in this study.
    Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Biotechnology (formerly known as Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Immobilization Bi 04/2010; 38(2):90-98. DOI:10.3109/10731191003634745 · 0.71 Impact Factor