[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
To evaluate the effect of adjunctive subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) in gas-filled eyes after vitrectomy for complicated proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
This nonrandomized comparative study included 27 patients (27 eyes) who underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade for treatment of PDR with tractional or combined tractional-rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and who received subtenon injection of TA (40 mg) at the end of surgery. The study group was compared with the control group (29 eyes), which was matched with the study group for preoperative and intraoperative parameters, but underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade without a subtenon injection of TA.
Retinal reattachments without reoperation were achieved in 25 eyes (92.6%) and 26 eyes (89.7%) at 6 months (p = 1.000) in the study and control groups, respectively. The study group and the control group did not differ significantly in the frequency of postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy, retinal redetachment rate, reoperation rate, macular pucker formation, postoperative vitreous hemorrhage, gain in visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and intraocular inflammation (p > 0.05).
The clinical results of pars plana vitrectomy for complicated PDR are not improved significantly by an adjunctive subtenon TA injection in gas-filled eyes.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2013; 27(1):28-33. DOI:10.3341/kjo.2013.27.1.28
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the risk factors for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients with CMV viremia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
Retrospective cohort study.
We included all patients with CMV viremia detected by polymerase chain reaction after HSCT between April 2009 and August 2011. Risk factors for CMV retinitis were evaluated in the cohort of 270 patients with CMV viremia, who survived ≥ 12 weeks after HSCT and were screened for CMV retinitis.
Retrospective review of clinical records and laboratory results.
Survival analysis of patients in the cohort and frequency of CMV retinitis in relation to various factors. Variables analyzed were demographics, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched versus mismatched, related versus unrelated donor, preconditioning regimens, delayed engraftment of lymphocyte, presence of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease, highest CMV DNA level in blood (copies/ml), cumulative period of CMV viremia (weeks), and CMV infection verified by culture or immunohistology in bronchoalveolar lavage or visceral biopsy specimens.
Of the 708 patients who underwent HSCT during the study period, 363 (51%) developed CMV viremia after HSCT. Of the 363 patients with CMV viremia, 270 underwent retinal examination for CMV retinitis. We detected CMV retinitis in 15 of 270 patients with CMV viremia. In the univariate analysis, HLA-mismatched HSCT, HSCT from an unrelated donor, engraftment day, peak CMV DNA level, and duration of viremia were associated with the development of CMV retinitis. In the adjusted multivariate analysis, only peak CMV DNA blood levels predicted the development of CMV retinitis (hazard ratio, 25.0; 95% confidence interval, 3.0-210.8). An additional validity analysis by receiver operating characteristic area under curve suggested that a cutoff of 7.64 × 10(4) copies/mL best predicted the development of CMV retinitis by CMV DNA levels in blood.
The development of CMV retinitis should be carefully monitored in patients with a significant viral load, which is represented by a peak CMV DNA level >7.64 × 10(4) copies/ml and a long duration of CMV viremia, especially when patients received HSCT from an unrelated or HLA-mismatched donor and showed delayed lymphocyte engraftment.