[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pompe disease is a genetic disorder resulting from a deficiency of lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) that manifests as a clinical spectrum with regard to symptom severity and rate of progression. In this study, we used microarrays to examine gene expression from the muscle of two cohorts of infantile-onset Pompe patients to identify transcriptional differences that may contribute to the disease phenotype. We found strong similarities among the gene expression profiles generated from biceps and quadriceps, and identified a number of signaling pathways altered in both cohorts. We also found that infantile-onset Pompe patient muscle had a gene expression pattern characteristic of immature or regenerating muscle, and exhibited many transcriptional markers of inflammation, despite having few overt signs of inflammatory infiltrate. Further, we identified genes exhibiting correlation between expression at baseline and response to therapy. This combined dataset can serve as a foundation for biological discovery and biomarker development to improve the treatment of Pompe disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have performed cDNA microarray analyses to identify gene expression differences between highly invasive glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and typically benign pilocytic astrocytomas (PA). Despite the significant clinical and pathological differences between the 2 tumor types, only 63 genes were found to exhibit 2-fold or greater overexpression in GBM as compared to PA. Forty percent of these genes are related to the regulation of the cell cycle and mitosis. QT-PCR validation of 6 overexpressed genes: MELK, AUKB, ASPM, PRC1, IL13RA2 and KIAA0101 confirmed at least a 5-fold increase in the average expression levels in GBM. Maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK) exhibited the most statistically significant difference. A more detailed investigation of MELK expression was undertaken to study its oncogenic relevance. In the examination of more than 100 tumors of the central nervous system, we found progressively higher expression of MELK with astrocytoma grade and a noteworthy uniformity of high level expression in GBM. Similar level of overexpression was also observed in medulloblastoma. We found neither gene promoter hypomethylation nor amplification to be a factor in MELK expression, but were able to demonstrate that MELK knockdown in malignant astrocytoma cell lines caused a reduction in proliferation and anchorage-independent growth in in vitro assays. Our results indicate that GBM and PA differ by the expression of surprisingly few genes. Among them, MELK correlated with malignancy grade in astrocytomas and represents a therapeutic target for the management of the most frequent brain tumors in adult and children.
International Journal of Cancer 03/2008; 122(4):807-15. DOI:10.1002/ijc.23189 · 5.09 Impact Factor