ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between apoptosis-related genes and lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia reperfusion and to explore the effects and its possible mechanism of sodium aescinate.
Rat model of intestinal I/R injury was established with clamping of the superior mesenteric artery for 60 min and then clamping was relieved for 60 min. Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into three groups with eight rats in each: sham group, intestinal ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R group) and sodium aescinate group (SA + I/R group). Lung wet/dry weight ratio, lung coefficient and Superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma and lung tissue were measured, as well as the expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in lung tissue were examined using immunohistochemical method.
Compared with sham group, lung wet/dry weight ratio, lung coefficient and MDA in plasma and lung tissue were significantly increased, and while the activity of SOD in plasma and lung tissue were decreased significantly in I/R group. At the same time, the protein expression level of Bcl-2 and Bax were significantly increased. But Bax protein expression was much greater than that of Bcl-2, the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax was decreased significantly in I/R group than that in sham group. Compared with I/R group, lung wet/dry weight ratio, lung coefficient and MDA in plasma and lung tissue were significantly decreased, and while the activity of SOD in serum and lung tissue were significantly increased in SA + I/R group. At the same time, Bax protein expression was significantly decreased, both Bcl-2 protein expression and the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax were significantly increased in SA + I/R group than that in I/R group.
Lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia reperfusion is correlated with abnormal expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax protein which is caused by oxidative injury. Sodium aescinate can protect the lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), which may be mediated by inhibiting lipid peroxidation, upregulating Bcl-2 gene protein expression, improving the ratio of Bcl-2/ Bax to inhibit lung apoptosis.
Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition 03/2012; 43(2):170-3.