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    ABSTRACT: We explored a possible correlation of genetic instability and CpG methylation in the 5'-flanking region of the PAI-1 gene with clinicopathologic features of gastric cancer in Chinese patients and looked for molecular markers for diagnosing gastric tumor development. Microsatellite instability and loss of heterozygosity of the PAI-1 gene locus D7S515, D7S471 and pai-1 in 50 specimens of gastric cancer and relevant pericancerous tissues were detected by PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) with sliver staining. Methylation-specific PCR was used to detect CpG methylation in the 5'-flanking region of the PAI-1 gene. Microsatellite instability was significantly more common in the negative than in the positive serosa infiltration group of gastric cancer (42.86 vs 2.33%). The frequency of microsatellite instability was significantly lower in the cases with lymph node metastasis than in those without metastasis (18.18 vs 2.56%); however, it was significantly higher in the low differentiation group than that in the middle or high differentiation groups (21.05 vs 0.00%). CpG methylation in the 5'-flanking region of the PAI-1 gene did not differ significantly. Microsatellite instability and loss of heterozygosity of the PAI-1 gene apparently regulates the development of gastric cancer through different pathways. Microsatellite instability could be used as a molecular marker for the development of gastric cancer. CpG methylation in the 5'-flanking region of the PAI-1 gene appears not to be involved in the development of gastric cancer.
    Genetics and molecular research: GMR 05/2012; 11(3):2899-908. · 0.99 Impact Factor