ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to present our data on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in children and adolescents referred to our Department because of casual BP elevation over the 95th percentile on at least 3 visits in primary care office. ABPM studies in 139 children, 94 boys and 45 girls, mean age 14.14 (range 4-19) years, were reviewed. A total of 107 (76.98%) children had hypertension according to the ABPM criteria. Primary hypertension (PH) was diagnosed in 89 (64.03%), secondary hypertension (SH) in 18 (12.95%) and white coat hypertension (WCH) in 32 (23.02%) children. In both PH and SH groups, hypertension was predominantly systolic (60.67% and 55.56%, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference in diurnal and nocturnal systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) loads between PH and SH groups. The non-dipping phenomenon was detected in 49.44%, 66.66% and 40.62% of children with PH, SH and WCH, respectively. The mean pulse pressure values were 60.41, 58.58 and 52.25 mm Hg in the PH, SH and WCH groups, respectively. A statistically significant difference was found in pulse pressure values between PH and WCH (df=55, t=6.15, P<0.01) groups and between SH and WCH groups (df=31, t=3.18, P=0.001). Target organ damage was diagnosed in 16 (17.98%) children with PH and in 5 (27.78%) children with SH. None of the children with WCH had target organ damage. ABPM is indispensable for establishing the diagnosis of hypertension in children. It is the only reliable method of WCH diagnosis.
Acta clinica Croatica 03/2012; 51(1):59-64. · 0.25 Impact Factor