Ha Yeon Kim

Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea

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Publications (8)18.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The use of herbal medicine may be a risk factor for the development of kidney injury, as it has been reported to cause various renal syndromes. Dioscorea quinqueloba is a medicinal herb that is used as an alternative therapy for cardiovascular disease and various medical conditions.
    BMC Nephrology 09/2014; 15(1):143. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Blood pressure (BP) variability is known as a poor prognostic factor for cardiovascular outcomes. This study assessed the prognostic significance of BP variability in association with increasing age in hemodialysis patients. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed 2,174 patients on hemodialysis from March 2005 to December 2012. The impact of intradialytic and interdialytic BP variability on all-cause mortality according to age groups was analyzed. Results: Kaplan-Meier survival curves for 5-year cumulative mortality showed higher mortality in patients with higher intradialytic systolic and diastolic BP variability as well as interdialytic systolic and diastolic BP variability (log-rank p=0.006, <0.001, 0.018 and < 0.001) in patients aged <55 years, but not in older age groups. Cox proportional analysis revealed that 5-year mortality was associated with intradialytic diastolic BP variability in patients aged <55 years (HR, 2.03 CI, 1.24-3.32). Conclusion: The overall mortality was associated with BP variability in patients aged <55 years, but not in older ages. This result suggests that younger hemodialysis patients with BP variability require further medical attention and intervention to reduce BP variability. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Kidney and Blood Pressure Research 04/2014; 38(2-3):172-180. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association between arterial stiffness and decline in kidney function in patients with mild to moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not well established. This study investigated whether pulse wave velocity (PWV) and pulse pressure (PP) are independently associated with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and rapid decline in kidney function in early CKD. Carotid femoral PWV (cfPWV), brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV), and PP were measured in a cohort of 913 patients (mean age, 63±10 years; baseline estimated GFR, 84±18 mL/min/1.73 m2). Estimated GFR was measured at baseline and at follow-up. The renal outcome examined was rapid decline in kidney function (estimated GFR loss, >3 mL/min/1.73 m2 per year). The median follow-up duration was 3.2 years. Multivariable adjusted linear regression model indicated that arterial PWV (both cfPWV and baPWV) and PP increased as estimated GFR declined, but neither was associated with kidney function after adjustment for various covariates. Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that cfPWV and baPWV were not associated with rapid decline in kidney function (odds ratio [OR], 1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.41–4.65; OR, 2.51, 95% CI, 0.66–9.46, respectively), but PP was (OR, 1.22, 95% CI, 1.01–1.48; P=.045). Arterial stiffness assessed using cfPWV and baPWV was not correlated with lower estimated GFR and rapid decline in kidney function after adjustment for various confounders. Thus, PP is an independent risk factor for rapid decline in kidney function in populations with relatively preserved kidney function (estimated GFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2).
    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 04/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Potassium plays a key role in normal myocardial function, and current guidelines recommend that serum potassium levels be maintained from 4.0 to 5.0 mEq/L in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the impact of serum potassium levels on long-term mortality has not been evaluated. We retrospectively studied 1,924 patients diagnosed with AMI. The average serum potassium levels measured throughout the hospitalization were obtained and statistically analyzed. Patients were categorized into 5 groups to determine the relation between mean serum potassium and long-term mortality: <3.5, 3.5 to <4.0, 4.0 to <4.5, 4.5 to <5.0, and ≥5 mEq/L. The long-term mortality was lowest in the group of patients with potassium levels of 3.5 to <4.0 mEq/L, whereas mortality was higher in the patients with potassium levels ≥4.5 or <3.5 mEq/L. In a multivariate Cox-proportional regression analysis, the mortality risk was greater for serum potassium levels of >4.5 mEq/L (hazard ratio [HR] 1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04 to 2.81 and HR 4.78, 95% CI 2.14 to 10.69, for patients with potassium levels of 4.5 to <5.0 mEq/L and ≥5.0, respectively) compared with patients with potassium levels of 3.5 to <4.0 mEq/L. The mortality risk was also higher for patients with potassium levels <3.5 mEq/L (HR 1.55, 95% CI 0.94 to 2.56). In contrast to the association with long-term mortality, there was no relation between serum potassium levels and the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias. The results of the current analysis suggest that there is a need for change in our current concepts of the ideal serum potassium levels in patients with AMI.
    The American journal of cardiology 01/2014; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the association between MS and its components with CKD in Korea. We excluded diabetes to appreciate the real impact of MS and performed a cross-sectional study using the general health screening data of 10,253,085 (48.86±13.83 years, men 56.18%) participants (age, ≥20 years) from the Korean National Health Screening 2011. CKD was defined as dipstick proteinuria ≥1 or an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 m2. The prevalence of CKD was 6.15% (men, 5.37%; women, 7.15%). Further, 22.25% study population had MS (abdominal obesity, 27.98%; hypertriglyceridemia, 30.09%; low high-density cholesterol levels, 19.74%; high blood pressure, 43.45%; and high fasting glucose levels, 30.44%). Multivariate-adjusted analysis indicated that proteinuria risk increased in participants with MS (odds ratio [OR] 1.884, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.867-1.902, P<0.001). The presence of MS was associated with eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (OR 1.364, 95% CI 1.355-1.373, P<0.001). MS individual components were also associated with an increased CKD risk. The strength of association between MS and the development of CKD increase as the number of components increased from 1 to 5. In sub-analysis by men and women, MS and its each components were a significant determinant for CKD. MS and its individual components can predict the risk of prevalent CKD for men and women.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(5):e93795. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), a serious surgical complication, is common after cardiac surgery; however, reports on AKI after noncardiac surgery are limited. We sought to determine the incidence and predictive factors of AKI after gastric surgery for gastric cancer and its effects on the clinical outcomes. We conducted a retrospective study of 4718 patients with normal renal function who underwent partial or total gastrectomy for gastric cancer between June 2002 and December 2011. Postoperative AKI was defined by serum creatinine change, as per the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guideline. Of the 4718 patients, 679 (14.4%) developed AKI. Length of hospital stay, intensive care unit admission rates, and in-hospital mortality rate (3.5% versus 0.2%) were significantly higher in patients with AKI than in those without. AKI was also associated with requirement of renal replacement therapy. Multivariate analysis revealed that male gender; hypertension; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; hypoalbuminemia (<4 g/dl); use of diuretics, vasopressors, and contrast agents; and packed red blood cell transfusion were independent predictors for AKI after gastric surgery. Postoperative AKI and vasopressor use entailed a high risk of 3-month mortality after multiple adjustments. AKI was common after gastric surgery for gastric cancer and associated with adverse outcomes. We identified several factors associated with postoperative AKI; recognition of these predictive factors may help reduce the incidence of AKI after gastric surgery. Furthermore, postoperative AKI in patients with gastric cancer is an important risk factor for short-term mortality.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(12):e82289. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the changes that occurred in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in the kidney as a result of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension. Rats were implanted with DOCA strips (200 mg/kg) 1 week after unilateral nephrectomy and were then supplied with 0.9% saline to drink. Four weeks after DOCA implantation, systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by use of the tail-cuff method. The expression levels of phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and mTOR, as well as the protein expression levels of ED-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), α-smooth muscle actin (SMA), caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2, were then examined in the kidney by semiquantitative immunoblotting. DOCA-salt hypertensive rats were found to have significantly increased SBP as well as an increased kidney weight-to-body weight ratio. Moreover, the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR was increased in the kidney of DOCA-salt hypertensive rats compared with the control, as was the protein expression of ED-1, COX-2, TGF-β1, and α-SMA. The expression levels of caspase-3 and Bax were increased significantly, whereas Bcl-2 expression was decreased. In conclusion, the phosphorylation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR was increased in the kidney of DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.
    Chonnam medical journal. 12/2012; 48(3):150-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet dysfunction and associated hemorrhagic complications are often encountered in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associations for abnormal bleeding time (BT) in patients with renal dysfunction. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and parathyroid hormone levels were determined in 1716 patients (55.18 ± 17.19 years, men 50.8%). For these patients, BTs were estimated using a platelet function analyzer-100. Glomerular filtration rates (GFRs) were estimated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation. The study population was divided into six groups according to the estimated GFR (eGRF): group I, eGFR ≥ 90 ml/min/1.73 m(2); group II, 60 ≤ eGFR < 90 ml/min/1.73 m(2); group III, 30 ≤ eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2); group IV, 15 ≤ eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2); group V, eGFR < 15 ml/min/1.73 m(2); and group VI, undergoing regular hemodialysis. Renal insufficiency was defined as eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). To further investigate the role of inflammatory cytokines, nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were measured in a 327-patient subset of the total patient population (52.82 ± 18.3 years, men 60.9%). Abnormal BT occurred in 11.8% of group I, 15.3% of group II, 29.1% of group III, 37.5% of group IV, 35.0% of group V, and 32.1% of group VI. By Pearson correlation coefficient, eGFR (r = -0.089), hemoglobin (r = -0.127), platelet (r = -0.054) were correlated with BT. Multivariate analysis revealed that age [odds ratio (OR), 1.013; 95% CI, 1.004-1.022], renal insufficiency (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2); OR, 2.271; 95% CI, 1.672-3.083), anemia (hemoglobin < 120 g/l; OR, 1.486; 95% CI, 1.089-2.027), and thrombocytopenia (platelet < 150 × 10(9)/l; OR, 1.445; 95% CI, 1.089-1.918) were independently associated with prolonged BT. Plasma levels of NO and TNF-α were increased in patients with renal insufficiency (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Plasma levels of NO in renal insufficiency group were higher in prolonged BT than those in normal BT. A significant positive correlation was noted between BTs and NO levels (r = 0.152, p = 0.009) but not with TNF-α levels. The prevalence of abnormal BTs was higher as eGFR declined. Old age, renal insufficiency, anemia, and thrombocytopenia were independent associations for abnormal BT.
    Platelets 05/2012; · 2.24 Impact Factor