Sergio Sánchez-Enríquez

University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Are you Sergio Sánchez-Enríquez?

Claim your profile

Publications (10)18.35 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The uncarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) has been described as a regulator of glucose metabolism in mice, and it is decreased in human type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Although inversely correlated with serum glucose, insulin, and glycated hemoglobin, it is unclear if ucOC decrement is caused by diabetes or plays a role in the pathogenesis and/or progression of the disease. Whatever the case may be, diabetes affects osteoblast gene expression, and possibly the proportion of ucOC over carboxylated OC (cOC). The association of ucOC/cOC index with glycemic status markers in patients with T2D has not been described before. The objective of this study was to assess the ucOC/cOC index and its relationship with glycemic status markers in patients with T2D. The ucOC/cOC index was determined by the quotient of ucOC and cOC serum levels in 80 T2D patients and 160 healthy subjects. The relationship between the ucOC/cOC index and glycemic status markers was evaluated. The ucOC/cOC index was low and negatively correlated to fasting plasma glucose and homeostasis assessment-insulin resistance model in T2D patients. The odds ratio for T2D patients with an ucOC/cOC index below the cut-point obtained by receiver operating characteristic analysis was 12.64 (confidence interval, 5.75-27.77; P < 0.001). A value of ucOC/cOC index less than 0.3 is associated with markers of poor metabolic control in patients with T2D.
    Journal of Investigative Medicine 10/2013; · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is essential for circulation, homing, and retention of hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow. Present evidence indicates that this factor might play an important role in leukemia cells as well. The aim of this study is to present a model of SDF-1-induced mobilization using leukemia cell lines. CXCR4 expression was compared in Kasumi-1, Jurkat, HL-60, KG-1a, and K562 cells by flow cytometry and Western blot. Migration was analyzed with Transwell assays, and adhesive cell-cell interaction was quantified with a standardized adhesion assay and flow cytometry. CXCR4 was expressed by all leukemic cell lines analyzed, although surface expression of this receptor was found in Kasumi-1 and Jurkat cells only. Correspondingly, SDF-1α effects on migration and cell-cell adhesion were observed in Kasumi-1 and Jurkat cells only, and this could be blocked by AMD3100 in a reversible manner. We have provided evidence that SDF-1α acts as a chemotactic and chemokinetic agent. In addition, surface expression of integrin-β2, activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule and N-cadherin decreased after stimulation with SDF-1α. SDF-1α affects cell-cell adhesion and migration only in leukemia cells on which the CXCR4 receptor is present on the surface. An SDF-1 gradient is not necessarily required to induce migration, as chemokinesis can also occur. Upon stimulation with SDF-1, CXCR4 promotes modifications on the surface pattern of adhesion molecules, which have an influence on adhesion and migration.
    Experimental hematology 05/2012; 40(8):666-74. · 3.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alcoholic cirrhosis constitutes a major public health problem in the world where ADH1B, ALDH2, and CYP2E1 polymorphisms could be playing an important role. We determined ADH1B*2, ALDH2*2, and CYP2E1*c2 allele frequencies in healthy control individuals (C) and patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) from western Mexico. Ninety C and 41 patients with AC were studied. Genotype and allele frequency were determined through polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Polymorphic allele distribution in AC was 1.6%ADH1B*2, 0.0%ALDH2*2, and 19.5%CYP2E1*c2; in C: 6.1%ADH1B*2, 0%ALDH2*2, and 10.6%CYP2E1*c2. CYP2E1*c2 polymorphic allele and c1/c2 genotype frequency were significantly higher (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively) in patients with AC when compared to C. Patients with AC, carrying the CYP2E1*c2 allele, exhibited more decompensated liver functioning evaluated by total bilirubin and prothrombin time, than c1 allele carrying patients (p < 0.05). Cirrhosis severity, assessed by Child's Pugh score and mortality, was higher in patients carrying the c2 allele, although not statistically significant. In this study, CYP2E1*c2 allele was associated with susceptibility to AC; meanwhile, ADH1B*2 and ALDH2*2 alleles were not. CYP2E1*c2 allele was associated with AC severity, which could probably be attributed to the oxidative stress promoted by this polymorphic form. Further studies to clearly establish CYP2E1*c2 clinical relevance in the development of alcohol-induced liver damage and its usefulness as a probable prognostic marker, should be performed. Also, increasing the number of patients and including a control group conformed by alcoholic patients free of liver damage may render more conclusive results. These findings contribute to the understanding of the influence of gene variations in AC development among populations, alcohol metabolism, and pharmacogenetics.
    Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 09/2011; 36(3):425-31. · 3.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Osteocalcin (OC) is encoded by the bone γ-carboxyglutamate (Gla) protein (BGLAP) gene, and it is released by osteoblasts during osteogenesis. Its expression can be modulated by growth factors, hormones, cytokines and physical stimuli via signal transduction pathways, binding to the BGLAP gene promoter or interactions with nuclear transcription factors. It was recently demonstrated that uncarboxylated OC improves glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in mice by increasing the expression and secretion of insulin in β-cells and of adiponectin in adipocytes. Humans with type 2 diabetes have significantly lower serum levels of OC than healthy individuals and indeed, serum OC levels have been inversely correlated with fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index. Moreover, several drugs have been shown to influence OC expression and its serum concentration. This review summarizes the molecular mechanisms involved in the modulation of OC expression, and discusses the potential relevance of OC in the pathogenesis and treatment of diabetes.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 05/2011; 28(3):283-93. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are strongly associated with metabolic syndrome (MeSy), which is considered to be a reversible clinical stage before its evolution to coronary heart disease and diabetes. Currently, the antihypertensive and hypolipidemic properties of aqueous Hibiscus sabdariffa extracts (HSE) have been demonstrated in clinical trials and in vivo experiments. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a Hibiscus sabdariffa extract powder (HSEP) and a recognized preventive treatment (diet) on the lipid profiles of individuals with and without MeSy according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. The protocol was a follow-up study carried out in a factorial, randomized design (T1=preventive treatment comprises Diet, T2=HSEP, T3=HSEP+preventive treatment (Diet) X MeSy, non-MeSy individuals). A total daily dose of 100 mg HSEP was orally administered in capsules for one month. The preventive treatment (diet) was selected according to NCEP-ATP III recommendations and adjusted individually. Total cholesterol, LDL-c, HDL-c, VLDL-c, triglycerides, glucose, urea, creatinine, AST, and ALT levels in the blood were determined in all individuals pre- and post-treatment. The MeSy patients treated with HSEP had significantly reduced glucose and total cholesterol levels, increased HDL-c levels, and an improved TAG/HDL-c ratio, a marker of insulin resistance (t-test p<0.05). Additionally, a triglyceride-lowering effect was observed in MeSy patients treated with HSEP plus diet, and in individuals without MeSy treated with HSEP. Significant differences in total cholesterol, HDL-c, and the TAG/HDL-c ratio were found when the means of absolute differences among treatments were compared (ANOVA p<0.02). Therefore, in addition to the well documented hypotensive effects of Hibiscus sabdariffa, we suggest the use of HSEP in individuals with dyslipidemia associated with MeSy.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 12/2009; 17(7):500-5. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes are the major causes of mortality in Mexico. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of factors that increase the risk to develop such diseases. Previous studies have shown that MS is associated with high tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) levels. In fact, TNF-alpha has been proposed to be a useful marker for clinical diagnosis of inflammation at an early stage. Therefore, we analyzed TNF-alpha concentrations in Mexican individuals with or without MS and related these levels to the associated MS components. Clinical, anthropometric, and biochemical data were analyzed in 41 healthy and 39 MS individuals. Individuals were similarly grouped by age and gender.The serum TNF-alpha levels measured by a highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit were increased significantly in MS subjects compared with healthy individuals (P<0.001). The assay showed 78.1% sensitivity and 61.5% specificity with a cut-point level of 1.36 pg/mL. TNF-alpha levels higher than the cut-point value were correlated with insulin resistance indices. These findings support the hypothesis that serum TNF-alpha concentration could be a useful marker for early MS diagnosis. Nevertheless, we suggest the establishment of specific cut-point values in each studied population to evaluate potential clinical applications.
    Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 01/2009; 23(1):51-6. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the genotype and allele frequency of vascular endothelial growth factor gene polymorphisms in knee osteoarthritis (OA) and their relationship with disease activity and lipid profile, we enrolled 49 knee OA patients and 75 healthy subjects (HS) as a control group. Body mass index (BMI), laboratorial assessment and genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) were studied in both groups. Disease activity was determined using Lequesne and WOMAC indexes; a P value<0.05 was considered significant. The -460 and +405 VEGF polymorphisms did not shown significant association between OA patients and HS. However, between OA patients and HS a significant differences were observed in BMI, age, apo A-I and apo B, independently of both polymorphisms studied (P<0.05). In conclusion, increased apo A-1 and apo B levels are associated in knee OA, but the -460 T/C and +405 C/G VEGF polymorphisms are not associated with knee OA susceptibility.
    Rheumatology International 07/2008; 29(1):63-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several polymorphisms have been described in the PAI-1 gene including the -844 G/A and Hind III C/G polymorphisms. These polymorphisms have been associated with different diseases such as preeclampsia and cardiovascular diseases. The allele and genotype frequencies of both PAI-1 polymorphism where investigated in Mexican subjects and compared with other healthy worldwide populations. The hematological and biochemical parameters where classified according each genotype in our studied group. One hundred Mexican subjects were recruited. Demographic data and hematological and biochemical parameters were collected, and genomic DNA isolation was performed in all the participants. Screening of both polymorphisms studied was made by polymerase chain reaction and restriction analysis. Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in plasma were measured by ELIS-ARA plasminogen activator inhibitor antigen kit. The -844 and Hind III genotypes frequencies were as follows: 49% (G/G), 40% (G/A), 11% (A/A) and 50% (C/C), 44% (C/G), 6% (G/G), respectively. The wild-type genotypes (G/G and C/C) were significantly higher with respect to the compared populations. In addition, a significant increase of apolipoprotein A1 in the carriers of G/A -844 and C/G Hind III genotypes was observed. However, when the plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor levels were analyzed with respect to each genotype and haplotype, no significant differences were found.
    Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 05/2008; 14(2):220-6. · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Bioquimia. 01/2007;
  • Source
    Bioquimia. 01/2007;