[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective The purpose of this study is to investigate prosthesis size stability over time and determine which factors influence need for change in size. Study Design Retrospective chart review. Setting Teaching hospital. Subjects and Methods Retrospective chart review was performed on all individuals who had previously undergone total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal puncture and had a minimum of 3 years of consistent and consecutive follow-up data after their prosthesis was initially placed. Data reviewed included demographic variables of age at time of tracheoesophageal puncture, ethnicity, and sex. Results Fifty patients were identified who met criteria for study inclusion with a mean age of 64.7 years (range, 43-86 years) with 41 (82%) men and 9 (18%) women. Surgical management was equally divided between those who underwent total laryngectomy (n = 25) as primary treatment vs those who had salvage laryngectomy (n = 25) for persistent or recurrent disease. Prosthesis size was stable, with no change in diameter or length, in only 5 (10%) patients and unstable in 45 (90%), as they were changed at least once. The only factor that demonstrated statistical significance was sex (Fisher exact test = 0.035), with women being more likely to have a stable prosthesis size over time. Conclusions The results of this study demonstrate that 90% of patients who underwent total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal puncture required a change in their prosthesis size beyond the first 3 months of expected healing. These results support the need for continual reassessment of the fistula tract when changing the prosthesis to ensure appropriate fit.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 05/2012; 147(5):885-8. · 1.73 Impact Factor