[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The application of the best practices of teaching adults to the education of adults in medical education settings is important in the process of transforming learners to become and remain effective physicians. Medical education at all levels should be designed to equip physicians with the knowledge, clinical skills, and professionalism that are required to deliver quality patient care. The ultimate outcome is the health of the patient and the health status of the society. In the translational science of medical education, improved patient outcomes linked directly to educational events are the ultimate goal and are best defined by rigorous medical education research efforts. To best develop faculty, the same principles of adult education and teaching adults apply. In a systematic review of faculty development initiatives designed to improve teaching effectiveness in medical education, the use of experiential learning, feedback, effective relationships with peers, and diverse educational methods were found to be most important in the success of these programs. In this article, we present 5 examples of applying the best practices in teaching adults and utilizing the emerging understanding of the neurobiology of learning in teaching students, trainees, and practitioners. These include (1) use of standardized patients to develop communication skills, (2) use of online quizzes to assess knowledge and aid self-directed learning, (3) use of practice sessions and video clips to enhance significant learning of teaching skills, (4) use of case-based discussions to develop professionalism concepts and skills, and (5) use of the American Academy of Pediatrics PediaLink as a model for individualized learner-directed online learning. These examples highlight how experiential leaning, providing valuable feedback, opportunities for practice, and stimulation of self-directed learning can be utilized as medical education continues its dynamic transformation in the years ahead.
Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care. 07/2014; 44(6):170-81.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bordetella parapertussis is widely recognized as a cause of a pertussis-like respiratory illness in children, but reports of invasive infection are rare. We review the literature and describe the clinical presentation and treatment of 2 children with B. parapertussis bacteremia, as well as the techniques used to isolate the organism.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The use of herpes simplex virus (HSV) polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of HSV disease involving the central nervous system has not translated into widespread use for the detection of DNAemia. We report our 6-year experience using blood polymerase chain reaction testing for HSV infection in neonates and older children with HSV disease.
The Journal of pediatrics 05/2012; 161(2):357-61. · 4.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations suggest all pregnant women have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing early in pregnancy. For women with specific identified risks for HIV-1 infection, the CDC recommends repeat testing in the third trimester. We report 3 cases of infants perinatally infected with HIV-1 whose mothers tested negative for HIV-1 during the first trimester of pregnancy. Because they were not considered to be "high risk" for HIV-1 infection, they did not have a third trimester HIV test. These cases suggest that repeat HIV antibody testing may be necessary to avoid cases of perinatal transmission that might be prevented with antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy.