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ABSTRACT: Neocentromeres are mitotically stable human derivative centromeres without alpha-satellite DNA which are able to provide stability to rearranged chromosome fragments that would otherwise be acentric and rapidly lost. A female fetus was found to be mosaic for a supernumerary marker chromosome: 47,XX,+mar/46,XX. The marker was identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization and G-band as an inversion duplication of 13q21→13qter, with a neocentromere present at 13q21, in approximately 9% of colonies examined. Parental blood karyotypes were normal. QF-PCR performed on blood samples from both parents and the second amniotic fluid sample showed evidence of a second maternal allele at markers D13S258 (13q21) and D13S628 (13q31-q32), indicating formation at maternal meiosis I/II. This is the first reported case where the detection and origin of a low-level mosaic prenatal neo(13) were confirmed by QF-PCR.
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 05/2012; · 1.90 Impact Factor