ABSTRACT: In eukaryotes, protein transport into the endoplasmic re-ticulum (ER) is facilitated by a protein-conducting channel, the Sec61 complex. The presence of large, water-filled pores with uncontrolled ion permeability, as formed by Sec61 complexes in the ER membrane, would seriously interfere with the regulated release of calcium from the ER lumen into the cytosol, an essential mechanism for intracellular signalling. We identified a calmodulin (CaM)-binding motif in the cytosolic N-terminus of mammalian Sec61a that bound CaM but not Ca 2 þ -free apocalmodulin with nano-molar affinity and sequence specificity. In single-channel measurements, CaM potently mediated Sec61-channel clo-sure in Ca 2 þ -dependent manner. At the cellular level, two different CaM antagonists stimulated calcium release from the ER through Sec61 channels. However, protein transport into microsomes was not modulated by Ca 2 þ -CaM. Molecular modelling of the ribosome/Sec61/CaM com-plexes supports the view that simultaneous ribosome and CaM binding to the Sec61 complex may be possible. Overall, CaM is involved in limiting Ca 2 þ leakage from the ER.
The EMBO Journal 01/2011; 30284:17--31. · 9.20 Impact Factor