To study the biocompatibility of porous calcium phosphate ceramics nanocomposite.
The biocompatibility was evaluated via experiments including the hemolysis test, hemopexis test, acute systemic toxicity test, pyrogen test, and intramuscular implant test, in which biphasic calcium phosphate nanocomposite (NanoBCP) presented as leaching solution, suspension or blocks of 5 mmx5 mmxl mm. Animals including New Zealand Rabbits, Kunming mice, SD rats were selected as the host.
The hemolysis of NanoBCP was 1.1% (<5%). Four coagulation index levels were within the normal range. In pyrogen test, the temperature of each experimental rat increased by 0.35, 0.40, 0.28 degrees C (<0.60 degrees C, in accordance with the pyrogen-free criterion for biomedical materials). No consequent death, dyspnoea, organ dysfunction, severe peritoneal irritation or ptosis was observed in acute systemic toxic test. Newly-formed fibrous tissue could be found after the implantation.
The material possesses outstanding biocompatibility and degradability with no toxicity or irritation, contains no pyrogen, as well as better degradation properties than biphasic calcium phosphate.
Hua xi kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Huaxi kouqiang yixue zazhi = West China journal of stomatology 04/2012; 30(2):209-13.