Dongsheng Xiong

Shanxi Medical University, Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China

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Publications (36)100.41 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Over-expression of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is a hallmark of many inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and septic shock and hepatitis, making it a potential therapeutic target for clinical interventions. To explore chemical inhibitors against TNFα activity, we applied computer-aided drug design (CADD) combined with in vitro and cell-based assays and identified a lead chemical compound, (E)-4-(2-(4-chloro-3-nitrophenyl) (named as C87 thereafter), which directly binds to TNFα, potently inhibits TNFα-induced cytotoxicity (IC50=8.73μM) and effectively blocks TNFα-triggered signaling activities. Furthermore, by using a murine acute hepatitis model, we showed that C87 attenuates TNFα-induced inflammation, thereby markedly reducing injuries to the liver and improving animal survival. Thus, our results lead to a novel and highly specific small-molecule TNFα inhibitor, which can be potentially used to treat TNFα-mediated inflammatory diseases.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2014; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising vehicles for delivering therapeutic agents in tumor therapy. Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) resemble bone marrow-derived MSCs with respect to hepatic differentiation potential in injured livers in animals, while their hepatic differentiation under the hepatocarcinoma microenvironment is unclear. In this study, HUMSCs were isolated and transduced by lentiviral vectors coding the soluble human tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL) gene driven by alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) promoter to investigate the therapeutic effects of these HUMSC against orthotopically implanted hepatocarcinoma in mice. We showed that HUMSCs can be transduced by lentivirus efficiently. HUMSCs developed cuboidal morphology, and expressed AFP and albumin in a two-step protocol. HUMSCs were capable of migrating to hepatocarcinoma in vitro as well as in vivo. In the orthotopical hepatocarcinoma microenvironment, the AFP promoter was activated during the early hepatic differentiation of HUMSCs. After intravenous injected, MSC.AFPILZ-sTRAIL expressed sTRAIL exclusively at the tumor site, and exhibited significant antitumor activity. This effect was stronger when in combination with 5-FU. The treatment was tolerated well in mice. Collectively, our results provide a potential strategy for targeted tumor therapy relying on the use of the tumor tropism and specific differentiation of HUMSCs as vehicles.
    Biomaterials 01/2014; · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sorcin, a 22-kDa calcium-binding protein, renders cancer cells resistant to chemotherapeutic agents, thus playing an important role in multidrug resistance. As there is a clear association between drug resistance and an aggressive phenotype, we asked whether sorcin affects also the motility, invasion, and stem cell characteristics of cancer cells. We have used both RNA interference (transient and stable expression of hairpins) and a lentiviral expression vector to experimentally modulate sorcin expression in a variety of cells. We demonstrate that sorcin depletion in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells reduces the pool of CD44(+)/CD24(-) and ALDH1(high) cancer stem cells (CSCs) as well as mammosphere-forming capacity. We also observe that sorcin regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition and CSCs partly through E-cadherin and vascular endothelial growth factor expression. This leads to the acquisition of an epithelial-like phenotype, attenuating epithelial-mesenchymal transition and suppression of metastases in nude mice. The sorcin-depleted phenotype can also be reproduced in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and lung fibrosarcoma HT1080 cells. In addition, overexpression of sorcin in MCF7 cells, which have low endogenous sorcin expression levels, increases their migration and invasion in vitro. This offers the rationale for the development of therapeutic strategies down-regulating sorcin expression for the treatment of cancer.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 12/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell surface proteins play an important role in multidrug resistance (MDR). However, the identification involving chemoresistant features for cell surface proteins is a challenge. To identify potential cell membrane markers in hematologic cancer MDR, we used a cell- and antibody-based strategy of subtractive immunization coupled with cell surface comparative screening of leukemia cell lines from sensitive HL60 and resistant HL60/DOX cells. Fifty one antibodies that recognized the cell surface proteins expressed differently between the two cell lines were generated. One of them, the McAb-5D12 not only recognizes its antigen but also block its function. Comparative analysis of immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and mass spectrum analysis validated that the membrane antigen of McAb-5D12 is a nucleoprotein-polypyrimidine tract binding protein associated splicing factor, PSF. Our results identified that PSF overexpressed on the membrane of sensitive cells compared with resistant cells and its relocation from the nuclear to the cell surface was common in hematological malignancy cell lines and marrow of leukemia patients. Furthermore, we found that cell surface PSF contributed to cell sensitivity by inhibiting cell proliferation. The results represent a novel and potentially useful biomarker for MDR prediction. The strategy enables the correlation of expression levels and functions of cell surface protein with some cell-drug response traits by using antibodies. © 2013 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
    Cytometry Part A 12/2013; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resistance to chemotherapeutic treatment, which is indirectly responsible for many cancer deaths, is normally associated with an aggressive phenotype including increased cell motility and acquisition of invasive properties. Here we describe how breast cancer cells overcome doxorubicin-induced senescence and become drug resistant by overexpression of the microRNA (miR)-106b∼25 cluster. Although all three miRs in the cluster contribute to the generation of doxorubicin resistance, miR-25 is the major contributor to this phenotype. All three miRs in this cluster target EP300, a transcriptional activator of E-cadherin, resulting in cells acquiring a phenotype characteristic of cells undergoing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), including an increase in both cell motility and invasion, as well as the ability to proliferate after treatment with doxorubicin. These findings provide a novel drug resistance/EMT regulatory pathway controlled by the miR-106b∼25 cluster by targeting a transcriptional activator of E-cadherin.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 22 November 2013; doi:10.1038/cdd.2013.167.
    Cell death and differentiation 11/2013; · 8.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sorcin, a 22-kDa calcium-binding protein, renders cancer cells resistant to chemotherapeutic agents, thus playing an important role in multidrug resistance (MDR). But the mechanisms mediated by sorcin still remain quite elusive. This study aim to explore whether sorcin silencing could restore chemosensitivity in MDR cancer cells and seek to identify the functional mechanisms mediated by sorcin. To investigate the mechanisms of sorcin-silencing-induced chemosensitivity, transient expression of sorcin-siRNAs was performed in doxorubicin-induced MDR cell lines, K562/A02 and MCF-7/A02. Sensitivity to five chemotherapeutic agents was evaluated by analysis of cell survival and cell apoptosis. In this report, we show that down-regulation of sorcin did not alter expression or function of P-gp, but actually induced cell apoptosis and chemosensitivity in K562/A02 and MCF-7/A02. We also observe that silencing of sorcin-enhanced chemotherapeutic agent effects partly through regulating apoptosis-related protein, including Bcl-2, Bax, c-jun and c-fos. This offers the rationale for the development of therapeutic strategies down-regulating sorcin expression for the treatment of cancer, especially for the reversal of MDR.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 09/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle that hinders the efficacy of chemotherapy in many human malignancies. PHⅡ-7 is a derivative of indirubin, which is designed and synthesized by our laboratory. Our preliminary work indicates its potent antitumor activities in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, based on the model of MDR cell line, we found its powerful effect in inhibiting the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and killing multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells. However, the detailed mechanism of PHⅡ-7 remains to be explored. Reactive Oxygen Species are known for high reactive activity as they possess unmatched electrons. In this study, we showed that PHⅡ-7 generated equal reactive oxygen species in parental K562 and its counterpart MDR K562/A02 cells. Pre-incubation with thiol antioxidants glutathione or N-acetyl-cysteine(NAC) almost abolished the cytotoxicity of PHⅡ-7. Moreover, NAC abrogated DNA damage, cell cycle arrests and apoptosis induced by PHⅡ-7. Our results collectively indicated that reactive oxygen species production induced by PHⅡ-7 contributed to both apoptosis and cell cycle arrets in MDR K562/A02 cells, thus extending our prior related findings. Notably, JNK phosphorylation was induced by PHⅡ-7 and pre-incubated of K562/A02 cells with NAC or inhibitor of JNK(SP006125) eliminated P-gp downregulation. Taken together, our results provide a detailed biochemical basis for further clinical application of PHⅡ-7.
    European journal of pharmacology 07/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapeutic drugs can enhance an immune response of the host against the tumor in addition to killing cancer cells by direct cytotoxicity. So the combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy is a promising approach for eliminating tumors, particularly in advanced stages. A strategic medication is to use a bispecific antibody format which is capable of recruiting polyclonal T cells around antibody-target-expressing tumor cells. Recently, we have constructed a bispecific antibody, antiCD3-antiCD19, in a diabody configuration. In this study, we measured B7 family members B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86) expressed on a CD19+ human leukemia cell line, Nalm-6, stimulated by cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C). We found that a low concentration of Ara-C could up-regulate CD80 expressed on CD19+ Nalm-6 cells. The cytotoxicity of T lymphocytes against Nalm-6 cells in vitro and in vivo mediated by antiCD3×antiCD19 diabody with or without low dose of Ara-C was compared. The combination of antiCD3×antiCD19 diabody and Ara-C showed the greatest effectiveness in enhancing the cytotoxicity of T cells against the tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. Activated T cells expressed higher levels of CD25 and CD69 and released more interleukin 2 (IL-2). Both perforin/granzyme B system and Fas/FasL pathway were involved in the diabody-induced T-cell cytotoxicity. Moreover, the activated T cells could up-regulate ICAM-3 expression on Nalm-6 cells, and inhibition of LFA-1-ICAM-3 interaction impaired cytotoxicity of T cells. It was noted that Ara-C could up-regulate CD80 expressed on 2 of 5 specimens of acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patient-derived cells. Cytotoxicity of T cells against these two patient-derived cells was enhanced in the presence of antiCD3×antiCD19 diabody. These findings indicate that treatment strategy using both cytotoxic lymphocyte-based immunotherapy and chemotherapy may have synergistic effects.
    Human gene therapy 07/2013; · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major hurdle in the treatment of cancer. Research indicated that the main mechanisms of most cancers included so-called "pump" (P-glycoprotein, P-gp) and "non-pump" (apoptosis) resistance. Identification of novel signaling molecules associated with both P-gp and apoptosis will facilitate the development of more effective strategies to overcome MDR in tumor cells. Since the proto-oncogene c-fos has been implicated in cell adaptation to environmental changes, we analyzed its role in mediating "pump" and "non-pump" resistance in MCF-7/ADR, an adriamycin (ADR)-selected human breast cancer cell line with the MDR phenotype. Elevated expression of c-fos in MCF-7/ADR cells and induction of c-fos by ADR in the parental drug-sensitive MCF-7 cells suggested a link between c-fos and MDR phenotype. Down-regulation of c-fos expression via shRNA resulted in sensitization of MCF-7/ADR cells to chemotherapeutic agents, including both P-gp and non-P-gp substrates. Further results proved that c-fos down-regulation in MCF-7/ADR cells resulted in decreased P-gp expression and activity, enhanced apoptosis, and altered expression of apoptosis-associated proteins (i.e., Bax, Bcl-2, p53 and PUMA). All above facts indicate that c-fos is involved in both P-gp- and anti-apoptosis-mediated MDR of MCF-7/ADR cells. Based on these results, we propose that c-fos may represent a potential molecular target for resistant cancer therapy, and suppressing c-fos gene expression may therefore be an effective means to temper breast cancer cell's MDR to cytotoxic chemotherapy. J. Cell. Biochem. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 03/2013; · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive candidate for cell-based therapy. We have designed a promising double-target therapeutic system for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma therapy. The system is based on MSC homing capacity and scFvCD20 antigen-restriction to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). In this system, a novel secreted fusion protein scFvCD20-sTRAIL, which contains a CD20-specific single chain Fv antibody fragment (scFv) and a soluble tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL, aa residues 114-281) with an isoleucine zipper was added to the N-terminal (IST-sTRAIL), was expressed in human umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) . When compared with IST-sTRAIL protein, the scFvCD20-sTRAIL fusion protein have demonstrated a potent inhibition of cell proliferation in CD20-positive BJAB cells, moderate inhibition in Raji cells, weak inhibition in CD20-negtive Jurkat cells and no effect on normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The scFvCD20-sTRAIL fusion protein also caused significant increase of cellular apoptosis through both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis signaling pathways. Using a NOD/SCID mouse subcutaneous BJAB lymphoma xenograft model, the tropism of the firefly luciferase (fLuc) labeled MSC was monitored by bioluminescent imaging (BLI) for fLuc activity. Our study indicated that HUMSCs selectively migrated to tumor site after 24 hours of intravenous injection and mice injected with the MSC.scFvCD20-sTRAIL significantly inhibited the tumor growth when compared with those treated with MSC.IST-sTRAIL. The treatment was tolerated well in mice, as no obvious toxicities were observed. Our study has suggested that scFvCD20-sTRAIL secreting HUMSCs is a novel and efficient therapeutic approach for the treatment of non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
    Molecular Pharmaceutics 11/2012; · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes, which are important in the metabolism of carcinogens, are expressed in both epithelial and stromal cells in the mammary gland. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of mammary epithelial P450 enzymes in the bioactivation and disposition of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), a breast carcinogen, in the mammary gland. A new mouse model (named MEpi-Cpr-null) was produced, wherein P450 activities in the mammary epithelial cells are suppressed through tissue-specific deletion of the gene for P450 reductase (Cpr), an enzyme required for the activities of all microsomal P450 enzymes. Comparisons between wild-type and MEpi-Cpr-null mice showed that the tissue-specific deletion of Cpr in the mammary epithelial cells was accompanied by significant increases in the levels of DMBA and DMBA-DNA adduct in the mammary gland following a single intraperitoneal injection of DMBA at 50mg/kg. Immunohistochemical and immunoblot analysis further revealed greater induction of CYP1B1 expression by the DMBA treatment in the mammary stroma of the MEpi-Cpr-null mice than in that of the WT mice. These findings not only demonstrate that the epithelial P450 enzymes play important roles in the clearance of DMBA, but also suggest that P450 enzymes in both mammary epithelial and stromal cells contribute to carcinogen-mediated DNA damage.
    Toxicology Letters 05/2012; 212(2):97-105. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein in cancer cells has been a major issue that cripples the efficacy of chemotherapy agents. Aimed for improved efficacy against resistant cancer cells, we designed and synthesized 25 oxindole derivatives based on indirubin by structure-activity relationship analysis. The most potent one was named PH II-7, which was effective against 18 cancer cell lines and 5 resistant cell lines in MTT assay. It also significantly inhibited the resistant xenograft tumor growth in mouse model. In cell cycle assay and apoptosis assay conducted with flow cytometry, PH II-7 induced S phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis even in resistant cells. Consistently revealed by real-time PCR, it modulates the expression of genes related to the cell cycle and apoptosis in these cells, which may contributes to its efficacy against them. By side-chain modification and FITC-labeling of PH II-7, we were able to show with confocal microscopy that not only it was not pumped by P-glycoprotein, it also attenuated the efflux of Adriamycin by P-glycoprotein in MDR tumor cells. Real-time PCR and western blot analysis showed that PH II-7 down-regulated MDR1 gene via protein kinase C alpha (PKCA) pathway, with c-FOS and c-JUN as possible mediators. Taken together, PH II-7 is a dual-functional compound that features both the cytotoxicity against cancer cells and the inhibitory effect on P-gp mediated drug efflux.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(3):e32782. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined ABCB5 gene expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in leukemia cells from 29 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 24 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 42 with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 22 with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), 17 with lymphoma and 10 with multiple myeloma (MM). It was confirmed that expression of the ABCB5 gene is highly increased in B-precursor ALL and French-American-British (FAB) M1 and M2 types of AML and lymphoma. The ABCB5 gene is expressed more highly in patients with relapsed or refractory disease than in patients with drug sensitive acute leukemia. Furthermore, there was an evident positive correlation between ABCB5 mRNA expression and MDR1 mRNA expression, but no correlation with MRP mRNA expression or BCRP mRNA expression. Quantification of the ABCB5 gene by real-time PCR offers particular promise as a prognostic marker and a marker for drug resistance in acute leukemia. Our findings raise the possibility that ABCB5 may be responsible for both the progression and chemotherapeutic refractoriness of advanced acute leukemia, and that ABCB5-targeted approaches might therefore represent novel and translationally relevant therapeutic strategies for drug resistance in leukemia.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 11/2011; 53(6):1211-5. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major impediment to the effective chemotherapy of many human malignancies, and novel MDR reversal agents are desirable for combination therapy to reduce MDR, enhance anti-tumor activity and reduce side effects. Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is the most prevalent cause of MDR in cancer tissues, and resistance to apoptosis is a common characteristic for the multidrug resistant cancer cells. Our group has synthesized a novel potent anti-tumor indirubin derivative, PHII-7. In this study, MCF-7/ADR cells, an adriamycin (ADR)-selected human breast tumor cell line with the MDR phenotype, were used to investigate the anticancer properties of this novel indirubin derivative. Cytotoxicity and apoptosis assays showed that PHII-7 significantly inhibited cell growth, induced apoptosis, potentiated ADR cytotoxicity and restored chemotherapy sensitivity in the MDR cancer cells. Further studies indicated that by down-regulation of P-gp expression, PHII-7 partially inhibited P-gp efflux pump function and increased intracellular accumulation of Rhodamine 123, a P-gp substrate. These results provide a biochemical basis for possible clinical application of PHII-7 alone or in combination with conventional antineoplastic agents in the treatment MDR tumors.
    European journal of pharmacology 08/2011; 669(1-3):38-44. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Integrin αvβ3 plays a critical role in the survival and metastasis process of cancer cells. It is therefore desirable to develop new types of small molecule inhibitors of integrin αvβ3. IH1062 (3, 5-dichloro-phenylbiguanide) is a novel small molecule inhibitor of integrin αvβ3 that we have recently discovered. In this study, we investigated the induction effects of anoikis in human melanoma cell line M21 by IH1062, by detecting caspase activity, measuring the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins, and performing the AnnexinV/PI apoptosis assay. Furthermore, we established a melanoma pulmonary metastasis mouse model in order to evaluate the suppression of metastasis by IH1062 in vivo. Our results demonstrate that IH1062 triggered human melanoma M21 cells to undergo anoikis by interrupting the attachment of M21 cells to extracellular matrix, reducing the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase, decreasing survivin and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax proteins, and activating caspase cascades in vitro. Additionally, IH1062 showed markedly anti-metastatic effects in the pulmonary metastasis model in vivo, which makes it a promising lead to develop new drugs for anti-metastasis therapies.
    Investigational New Drugs 08/2011; 29(4):666-73. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antibody-based fusion proteins are the next generation of antibody therapies for cancer and other diseases. CD20 antigen, which is overexpressed on cell membranes in nearly 95% of cases of B-cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, is an attractive target for the therapy of B-lymphoid malignancies. Lidamycin (LDM) is a potent enediyne-containing antitumor antibiotic that now has entered phase II clinical trials. In this study, we prepared an engineered fusion protein, scFv-LDP, consisting of an anti-CD20 scFv fragment and the apoprotein LDP of LDM using DNA recombination. After purification and refolding, scFv-LDP was found to bind specifically to CD20-positive lymphoma cells using ELISA and indirect immunofluorescent cytochemical staining assays. The energized fusion protein scFv-LDP-AE was obtained using molecular reconstitution of the active chromophore AE of LDM and scFv-LDP. MTT assay revealed potent cytotoxicity of scFv-LDP-AE to CD20-positive Raji and Daudi cells, with IC(50) values of 1.21×10(-11) and 6.24×10(-11) mol L(-1), respectively. An in vivo subcutaneous xenograft model of CD20-positive B cell lymphoma in BALB/c (nu/nu) mice was also utilized. Drugs were given intravenously on day 14 and 21 after tumor transplantation. In terms of maximal tolerated doses, scFv-LDP-AE at 0.3 mg kg(-1) suppressed tumor growth by 79.3%, and LDM at 0.05 mg kg(-1) by 68.6% (P<0.05). Results suggested scFv-LDP-AE could be a potential candidate for tumor-targeting therapy.
    Science China. Life sciences 03/2011; 54(3):255-62. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance (MDR) mediated by the overexpression of the drug efflux protein P-glycoprotein is one of the major obstacles to successful cancer chemotherapy. The development of safe and effective MDR-reversing agents is an important approach to addressing this problem clinically. In this study, we evaluated the P-gp-modulatory potential of O-(4-ethoxyl-butyl)-berbamine (EBB), a novel calmodulin antagonist and derivative of bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid, which significantly improved the chemosensitivity of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug-resistant cells to doxorubicin compared with the efficacy of a conventional P-glycoprotein inhibitor, verapamil. EBB not only blocked the function of P-glycoprotein confirmed by the fact that EBB increased intracellular accumulation of rhodamine 123 and doxorubicin but also inhibited the expression of P-glycoprotein actualized by downregulating P-glycoprotein. Furthermore, our results showed that cotreatment with EBB and doxorubicin resulted in marked G(2)/M arrest and apoptosis of MCF-7/ADR cells, accompanied by down-regulation of the proteins cdc2/p34 and cyclin B1 and increased the levels of calcium ions. Taken together, these results suggest that cotreatment with EBB and doxorubicin could strongly potentiate the antitumor activity of doxorubicin, thus may have significant clinical application in cancer chemotherapy.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 07/2010; 99(7):3266-75. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here we constructed and produced a recombinant human 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL)/anti-CD20 fusion protein and examined its antitumor activity, alone and in combination with an anti-CD3/anti-CD20 bispecific diabody. The 4-1BBL/anti-CD20 fusion protein retained both the costimulatory activity of 4-1BBL on T cells and the tumor targeting ability of CD20 antibody on B cells. The fusion protein bound as efficiently to 4-1BB- and CD20-positive cells as its respective parental antibodies, and was capable of cross-linking human T lymphocytes and CD20-positive tumor cells. Combination treatment with 4-1BBL/anti-CD20 fusion protein and anti-CD3/anti-CD20 diabody led to significantly increased T-cell cytotoxicity to human B-lymphoma cells in vitro and drastically more potent tumor inhibitory activity in vivo in xenografted B-cell lymphoma in severe combined immunodeficiency disease mice. Mechanistic studies revealed that the combination treatment remarkably inhibited apoptosis of human peripheral blood lymphocytes, accompanied by upregulation of Bcl-XL and Bf1-1, perforin and granzyme B mRNA, and increased interleukin-2 production. Taken together, these results suggest that targeted delivery of 4-1BBL to the tumor site, when combined with anti-CD3/anti-CD20 diabody, could strongly potentiate the antitumor activity of the diabody, thus may have significant clinical application in the treatment of human CD20-positive B-cell malignancies.
    Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md.: 1997) 06/2010; 33(5):500-9. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We constructed and expressed an anti-CD3/anti-Pgp (P-glycoprotein) diabody previously. However, the two chains of diabody are associated non-covalently, resulting in being capable of dissociating. The aim of this study is to enhance the stability of the diabody. We introduced cysteine residues into the CD3 or Pgp V-domain to covalently lock the two chains together. The disulphide crosslinked diabody were expressed by Escherichia coli (E. coli) 16C9 and purified by a cation exchange column and an anti-Etag affinity chromatography. The purified proteins were verified through SDS-PAGE. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to analyse the binding properties, competitive binding capacity and stability in vitro. The dsPpg-diabody failed to form disulphide bond properly. The designed disulphide bridge between the different chains of dsCD3-diabody was formed correctly. FCM demonstrated the dsCD3-diabody has specific antigen binding activity, the same binding activity and competitive binding activity as its parent diabody. The dsCD3-diabody retained the full activity even after 72 h incubation at 37 degrees C in human serum, in contrast, the parent diabody began to lose activity after only 1 h and lose all its activity 24 hours later. The induced disulphide bond in the CD3 V-domain effectively enhanced the stability of anti-CD3/anti-Pgp diabody. The method of stabilizing a diabody by introducing a disulphide bond into is practical.
    Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 07/2009; 25(7):1042-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To prepare a soluble human extracellular III domain of Flt1 and analyze its biological activity. The gene encoding extracellular domain III of Flt-1 was cloned into the expression vector pAZY by RT-PCR from human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC), and induced to express in Escherichia coli by low phosphoric medium, the product was purified by E-tag affinity chromatography. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis showed that Flt-1 gene domain III gene was expressed in E. coli and the yield of the soluble fusion protein was about 1.10 mg/L. Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) revealed that the Flt-1 domain III was able to bind to VEGF165 dose-dependently. Monolayer denudation assay and Transwell assay showed that the fusion protein could inhibit HUVECs migration induced by conditional medium with 50 ng/mL VEGF165 and 100 ng/mL bFGF. In conclusion, Flt-1 gene domain III gene has been successfully cloned and expressed in E. coli, which will be useful in both the research on the function of Flt-1 gene domain III and preparation of anti-Flt-1 monoclonal antibody in the future.
    Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 05/2009; 25(4):580-6.

Publication Stats

137 Citations
100.41 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Shanxi Medical University
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China
  • 2004–2011
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2008
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Binzhou Medical University
      Pei-chen, Shandong Sheng, China
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China