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ABSTRACT: γ-Glutamyl-transpeptidase (GGT) is one of the important enzymes in the pathway of odor formation in shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes). Rapid purification and characterization of GGT from shiitake mushroom were studied in this work. The GGT was purified 179-fold after 3 primary steps: precipitation by ammonium sulfate, isolation by Phenyl Sepharose 6 FF, and desalting by Sephadex G-25. The enzyme, consisting of a small and a large subunit with Mr 28 KDa and 60 KDa, respectively, is composed of 17 kinds of amino acids with the ratio of basic and acidic residues 1 : 1.84, and its secondary structure was also determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The properties of GGT were studied with γ-glutamyl-p-nitroanilide as the substrate. The results showed Km value of 2.601 μM, optimal temperature of 40 °C, and isoelectric point of 6.4. In addition, the activity of GGT was promoted by Na⁺, K⁺, and Ca²⁺ and inhibited by Cu²⁺, Ag⁺, Zn²⁺, and Fe³⁺. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: In this work, the γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase (GGT) from shiitake mushroom was purified with a simple scheme. Through the characterization of GGT, the relationship between endogenous formaldehyde and odor formation is to be clarified and assist in finding means of formaldehyde control in shiitake mushroom.
Journal of Food Science 05/2012; 77(6):C640-5. · 1.78 Impact Factor