Tânia Cristina Leite de Sampaio e Spohr

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Publications (7)17.92 Total impact

  • Joice Stipursky, Tânia Cristina Leite de Sampaio E Spohr, Vivian Oliveira Sousa, Flávia Carvalho Alcantara Gomes
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    ABSTRACT: Neuron-astroglia interactions play a key role in several events of brain development, such as neuronal generation, migration, survival, and differentiation; axonal growth; and synapse formation and function. While there is compelling evidence of the effects of astrocyte factors on neurons, their effects on astrocytes have not been fully determined. In this review, we will focus on the role of neurons in astrocyte generation and maturation. Further, we highlight the great heterogeneity and diversity of astroglial and neural progenitors such as radial glia cells, and discuss the importance of the variety of cellular interactions in controlling the structural and functional organization of the brain. Finally, we present recent data on a new role of astrocytes in neuronal maturation, as mediators of the action of biolipids in the cerebral cortex. We will argue that the functional architecture of the brain depends on an intimate neuron-glia partnership, by briefly discussing the emerging view of how neuron-astrocyte dysfunctions might be associated with neurodegenerative diseases and neurological disorders.
    Neurochemical Research 05/2012; · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive signaling lysophospholipid. Effects of S1P on proliferation, survival, migration, and differentiation have already been described; however, its role as a mediator of interactions between neurons and glial cells has been poorly explored. Here we describe effects of S1P, via the activation of its receptors in astrocytes, on the differentiation of neural progenitor cells (NPC) derived from either embryonic stem cells or the developing cerebral cortex. S1P added directly to NPC induced their differentiation, but S1P-primed astrocytes were able to promote even more pronounced changes in maturation, neurite outgrowth, and arborization in NPC. An increase in laminin by astrocytes was observed after S1P treatment. The effects of S1P-primed astrocytes on neural precursor cells were abrogated by antibodies against laminin. Together, our data indicate that S1P-treated astrocytes are able to induce neuronal differentiation of NPC by increasing the levels of laminin. These results implicate S1P signaling pathways as new targets for understanding neuroglial interactions within the central nervous system.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 05/2012; 90(10):1892-902. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) plays important roles in many biological processes, such as brain development, oncogenesis and immune functions, via its specific receptors. We previously demonstrated that LPA-primed astrocytes induce neuronal commitment of cerebral cortical progenitors (Spohr et al. 2008). In the present study, we analyzed neurite outgrowth induced by LPA-treated astrocytes and the molecular mechanism underlying this event. LPA-primed astrocytes increase neuronal differentiation, arborization and neurite outgrowth of developing cortical neurons. Treatment of astrocytes with epidermal growth factor (EGF) ligands yielded similar results, suggesting that members of the EGF family might mediate LPA-induced neuritogenesis. Furthermore, treatment of astrocytes with LPA or EGF ligands led to an increase in the levels of the extracellular matrix molecule, laminin (LN), thus enhancing astrocyte permissiveness to neurite outgrowth. This event was reversed by pharmacological inhibitors of the MAPK signaling pathway and of the EGF receptor. Our data reveal an important role of astrocytes and EGF receptor ligands pathway as mediators of bioactive lipids action in brain development, and implicate the LN and MAPK pathway in this process.
    Journal of Neurochemistry 08/2011; 119(1):113-23. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • Jader Nones, Tania Cristina Leite de Sampaio E Spohr, Flávia Carvalho Alcantara Gomes
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    ABSTRACT: Flavonoids comprise the most common group of plant polyphenols and provide much of the flavor and color to fruits and vegetables. More than 5,000 different flavonoids have been described. The biological activities of flavonoids cover a very broad spectrum, from anticancer and antibacterial activities to inhibition of bone reabsorption and neuroprotection effect. Although emerging evidence suggests that flavonoids have an important role on brain development, little is known about their mechanisms of action. In the present work, we performed a screening of flavonoid actions by analyzing the effects of these substances (hesperidin and rutin) on neural progenitors and neuronal morphogenesis in vitro. We demonstrated that treatment of neural progenitors with the flavonoid hesperidin enhanced neuronal population as revealed by an 80% increase in the number of β-tubulin III cells. This effect was mainly due to modulation of neuronal progenitor survival. Pools of astrocyte and oligodendrocyte progenitors were not affected by hesperidin whereas rutin had no effect on neuronal population. We also demonstrated that the flavonoid hesperidin modulates neuronal cell death by activating MAPK and PI3K pathways. This opens the possibility of using flavonoids for potential new therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative diseases.
    Neurochemical Research 05/2011; 36(10):1776-84. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neurodegenerative diseases are a major constraint on the social and economic development of many countries. Evidence has suggested that phytochemicals have an impact on brain pathology; however, both their mechanisms of action and their cell targets are incompletely known. Here, we investigated the effects of the flavonoid casticin, extracted from Croton betulaster, a common plant in the state of Bahia in Brazil, on rat cerebral cortex neurons in vitro. Treatment of neural progenitors with 10 microM casticin increased the neuronal population positive for the neuronal marker beta-tubulin III and the neuronal transcriptional factor Tbr2 by approximately 20%. This event was followed by a 50% decrease in neuronal death. Pools of astrocyte (GFAP and S100beta), neural (nestin), and oligodendrocyte (Olig2 and NG2) progenitors were not affected by casticin. Neither neuronal commitment nor proliferation of progenitors was affected by casticin, suggesting a neuroprotective effect of this compound. Culture of neural progenitors on casticin-treated astrocyte monolayers increased the neuronal population by 40%. This effect was reproduced by conditioned medium derived from casticin-treated astrocytes, suggesting the involvement of a soluble factor. ELISA assays of the conditioned medium revealed a 20% increase in interleukin-6 level in response to casticin. In contrast to the direct effect, neuronal death was unaffected, but a 52% decrease in the death of nestin-positive progenitors was observed. Together our data suggest that casticin influences the neuronal population by two mechanisms: 1) directly, by decreasing neuronal death, and 2) indirectly, via astrocytes, by modulating the pool of neuronal progenitors.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 09/2009; 88(3):530-41. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Central nervous system (CNS) development is highly guided by microenvironment cues specially provided by neuron-glia interactions. By using a transgenic mouse bearing part of the gene promoter of the astrocytic maturation marker GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) linked to the beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal) reporter gene, we previously demonstrated that cerebral cortical neurons increase transgenic beta-Gal astrocyte number and activate GFAP gene promoter by secretion of soluble factors in vitro. Here, we identified TGF-beta1 as the major mediator of this event. Identification of TGF-beta1 in neuronal and astrocyte extracts revealed that both cell types might synthesize this factor, however, addition of neurons to astrocyte monolayers greatly increased TGF-beta1 synthesis and secretion by astrocytes. Further, by exploiting the advantages of cell culture system we investigated the influence of neuron and astrocyte developmental stage on such interaction. We demonstrated that younger neurons derived from 14 embryonic days wild-type mice were more efficient in promoting astrocyte differentiation than those derived from 18 embryonic days mice. Similarly, astrocytes also exhibited timed-schedule developed responsiveness to neuronal influence with embryonic astrocytes being more responsive to neurons than newborn and late postnatal astrocytes. RT-PCR assays identified TGF-beta1 transcripts in young but not in old neurons, suggesting that inability to induce astrocyte differentiation is related to TGF-beta1 synthesis and secretion. Our work reveals an important role for neuron-glia interactions in astrocyte development and strongly implicates the involvement of TGF-beta1 in this event.
    European Journal of Neuroscience 01/2003; 16(11):2059-69. · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Neuroscience - EUR J NEUROSCI. 01/2002; 16(11):2059-2069.