Changxing Jiang

Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (14)29.07 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the separation and purification characteristics of resveratrol from extract of peanut sprouts (PSE) on 11 macroporous adsorption resins were investigated. The results showed that ADS-5 offered better adsorption and desorption capacity for resveratrol than other tested resins. From the static experiments with ADS-5 resin, we found that the experimental data fitted best to the pseudo-second-order kinetics model and Langmuir isotherm model, and the adsorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The separation and purification parameters of resveratrol from PSE were optimised by dynamic adsorption/desorption experiments with the column packed with ADS-5 resin. Under the optimal conditions, after one run treatment with ADS-5 resin, the content of resveratrol in the product was increased 17.9-fold from 1.32% to 23.60%, with a recovery yield of 88.33%. The results demonstrated that ADS-5 resin was a promising basis for large-scale preliminary separation and purification of resveratrol from PSE.
    Food Chemistry 02/2014; 145C:1-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, purification, preliminary characterization, immunostimulatory and hepatoprotective activities of polysaccharides from Glossaulax didyma (GDPS) were investigated. Firstly, crude GDPS was purified by chromatography of DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100, resulting in three purified fractions of GDPS-1, GDPS-2 and GDPS-3. The three fractions were mainly composed of glucose with the average molecular weight of 161, 197 and 204kDa, respectively. GDPS-2 was quite different from GDPS-1 or GDPS-3. It had much higher contents of protein and sulfuric radical. For immunostimulatory activities in vitro, the three fractions could significantly stimulate the proliferation of splenocytes and enhance phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages. For hepatoprotective activity in vivo, the administration of GDPS significantly decreased the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, inhibited the formation of malondialdehyde and restored the liver activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin/lipopolysaccharide-induced liver injury mice. The results suggested GDPS should be a potent natural polymer with immunostimulatory and hepatoprotective activities.
    Carbohydrate polymers. 02/2014; 102:912-9.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from the aerial root of Ficus microcarpa (FMPS) were investigated. The optimal conditions for extraction of FMPS were determined as followings: ultrasound power 200 W, ultrasound temperature 70 °C, extraction temperature 74 °C, liquid–solid ratio 35, extraction time 238 min, ultrasound time 49 min. The experimental yield of FMPS (3.44%) obtained under these conditions was well agreement with the value predicted by the model. In addition, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy and antioxidant activity assays revealed that FMPS were acidic polysaccharides and had strong Fe2+ chelating activity and moderate hydrogen peroxide scavenging effect. Further work on the purification, structure characterization and antioxidant activity in vivo of FMPS is in progress.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 01/2014; 110:10–17. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the purification, preliminary characterization and immunostimulatory activity in vivo of polysaccharide from Cipangopaludina chinensis (CCPS). Firstly, crude CCPS was prepared by hot water extraction. And the crude CCPS was sequentially purified by chromatography of DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100, resulting in two purified fractions of CCPS-1 and CCPS-2. We found the two fractions were homogeneous heteropolysaccharides mainly composed of rhamnose and glucose with the average molecular weight of 226 and 235kDa, respectively. CCPS-2 was quite different from CCPS-1. It had much higher content of uronic acid and sulfuric radical. For immunostimulatory activity in vivo, crude CCPS could significantly increase the thymus and spleen indices, enhance the macrophage function, and increase the level of serum hemolysin in cyclophosphamide-treated mice, suggesting CCPS had a potent immunostimulatory activity and could be explored as a potential natural immunomodulatory agent.
    Carbohydrate polymers. 10/2013; 98(1):217-23.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the preliminary characterization, both in vitro and in vivo immunostimulatory activity of polysaccharides from Glossaulax didyma (GPS). The results of chemical and gas chromatography analysis indicated that GPS was mainly composed of glucose with high contents of uronic acid and sulfate. For immunostimulatory activity in vitro, GPS could stimulate the proliferation of splenocytes and enhance neutral red phagocytosis, TNF-α production level and acid phosphatase activity in mouse peritoneal macrophages. For immunostimulatory activity in vivo, the administration of GPS could significantly increase the level of serum hemolysin in cyclophosphamide-treated mice. The results provided evidences that GPS possessed significantly immunostimulatory activity and might be one of important active substances responsible for the immunostimulatory effect of G. didyma.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 09/2013; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the extraction, purification, characterization and biological activities of polysaccharides from the seeds of Amomum villosum (ASP) were investigated. Firstly, the optimal parameters for the extraction of ASP were obtained by using a Box-Behnken Design as follows: extraction temperature 78.8°C, extraction time 71.3min and ratio of water to raw material 39.3ml/g. Then, the crude ASP was sequentially purified by chromatography of DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100, resulting in three purified fractions of ASP-1, ASP-2 and ASP-3. The results showed that ASP-3 had a larger molecular weight and higher contents of protein, sulfuric radical and uronic acid than the other polysaccharide fractions. Furthermore, ASP-3 showed relative stronger inhibitory activity on the growth of HepG2 cells. Finally, ASP had strong free radical scavenging activities in vitro and significantly prevented the formation of malondialdehyde and enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes in CCl4-induced liver injury mice.
    Carbohydrate polymers. 06/2013; 95(1):114-22.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the preliminary characterization, in vitro antioxidant and in vivo heptoprotective activities of polysaccharides from C. chinensis (CCPS). The results of chemical and gas chromatography analysis indicated that CCPS was mostly composed of glucose with high contents of uronic acid and sulfate. For antioxidant activities in vitro, CCPS showed medium lipid peroxidation inhibition effect and high Fe(2+) chelating and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities. For hepatoprotective activity in vivo, the administration of CCPS significantly decreased the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, inhibited the formation of malondialdehyde in liver and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in serum and restored the liver activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase in BCG/LPS-induced immunological liver injury mice. The results suggested that CCPS had a significant protective effect against BCG/LPS-induced immunological liver injury. The hepatoprotective effect of CSPS might be partly due to its immunoregulatory effect by inhibiting TNF-α production and antioxidant activities to protect biological systems against the oxidative stress, which were dependent on the chemical and structural properties of CCPS. Further work on the structure of CCPS is in progress.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 05/2013; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The peduncles of Hovenia dulcis, containing abundant nutrients and having a taste like a combination of raisin, clove, cinnamon and sugar, have been consumed as fruits and used as traditional herbal medicine for a long time in China. Up to date, little information is available about the polysaccharides from peduncles of H. dulcis (HDPS) and their potential bioactivity. In this study, three purified fractions were prepared by sequential purification of crude HDPS through ion-exchange chromatography and gel-filtration chromatography. The three fractions of HDPS-1, HDPS-2 and HDPS-3 were found to be homogeneous heteropolysaccharides mainly composed of rhamnose, arabinose, galactose and galacturonic acid with an average molecular weight of 235, 70 and 53kDa, respectively. HDPS-3 was quite different from HDPS-1 and HDPS-2, as it contained much higher content of galacturonic acid (40.5%). In vitro immunostimulatory activity evaluation revealed that all the three fractions could significantly stimulate the proliferation of splenocytes and enhance phagocytosis, nitric oxide production and acid phosphatase activity of peritoneal macrophages, which suggested that HDPS had a potent immunostimulatory activity and could be explored as a potential natural immunomodulatory agent.
    Food Chemistry 05/2013; 138(1):41-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the preliminary structure, in vitro antioxidant and in vivo hepatoprotective activities of polysaccharides from Cyclina sinensis (CSPS). The analytic results of Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy indicated the presence of α-type glycosidic linkages in CSPS-1 or CSPS-2, and the average molecular weights for CSPS-1, CSPS-2 and CSPS-3 were 69, 81 and 101kDa, respectively. For antioxidant activities in vitro, crude CSPS, CSPS-1, CSPS-2 and CSPS-3 showed moderate H(2)O(2) scavenging activity, lipid peroxidation inhibition effect and strong Fe(2+) chelating activity. For hepatoprotective activity in vivo, the administration of CSPS significantly decreased serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, inhibited the formation of malondialdehyde and enhanced the activities of liver superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury mice. These results suggested that CSPS had potent antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities.
    Carbohydrate polymers. 01/2013; 91(1):262-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The fresh fleshy peduncles of Hovenia dulcis have been used as a food supplement and traditional herbal medicine for the treatment of liver diseases and alcoholic poisoning for more than a millennium. The objectives of the present study, therefore, were to determine the antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from the peduncles of H. dulcis (HDPS) and to evaluate its hepatoprotective effect on acute alcohol-induced liver injury in mice. HDPS, prepared by hot water extraction, ethanol precipitation and treatment of macroporous resin, was found to be non-starch polysaccharide and mainly composed of galactose, arabinose, rhamnose and galacturonic acid. In in vitro antioxidant assay, HDPS exhibited high superoxide radical scavenging activity, strong inhibition effect on lipid peroxidation and a medium ferrous ion-chelating activity. For hepatoprotective activity in vivo, the administration of HDPS significantly decreased the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, significantly decreased the liver level of malondialdehyde and remarkably restored the liver activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in alcohol-induced liver injury mice. The results suggested that HDPS had a significant protective effect against acute alcohol-induced liver injury possibly via its antioxidant activity to protect biological systems against the oxidative stress.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 06/2012; 50(9):2964-70. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Response surface methodology was employed to optimize the medium compositions for the production of mycelial polysaccharide from Pholiota dinghuensis Bi (PDP). As a result, the optimal medium for crude PDP production was determined as follows (g/L): glucose 36.0, corn flour 11.8, peptone 3.0, yeast extract 5.4, KH(2)PO(4) 1.0, and MgSO(4) 1.5. In a verification experiment, a yield of 756 ± 38 mg/L crude PDP was obtained. Furthermore, biochemical assay and histopathological analysis showed that crude PDP exerted significant hepatoprotective effect in a dose-dependent manner against carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute liver injury. Crude PDP prevented the increase of activities of serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, reduced the formation of malondialdehyde and enhanced the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 05/2012; 50(8):2681-8. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Optimization of extraction, preliminary characterization and hepatoprotective activity of polysaccharides from Stachys flordana Schuttl. ex Benth. (SFPS) were investigated in the present study. Firstly, the optimal conditions for extraction of SFPS were obtained by a Box-Behnken design as follows: extraction temperature 94°C, extracting time 4h and ratio of water to material 19mg/ml. Then, the analysis of monosaccharide composition by gas chromatography revealed that SFPS was composed of rhamnose, arabinose, glucose and galactose in a molar percent of 2.05, 9.16, 28.66 and 60.14, respectively. Finally, we demonstrated that SFPS had a significant protective effect against acute hepatotoxicity induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in mice, as evident by lower levels of serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and hepatic malondialdehyde, higher activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase, as well as higher reduced glutathione concentration compared to the CCl4-treated group. The results suggested that SFPS could be explored as novel natural supplement.
    Carbohydrate Polymers - CARBOHYD POLYM. 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The production, preliminary characterization and antitumor activity in vitro of mycelial polysaccharides from Pholiota dinghuensis Bi (PDP) were investigated in the present study. Firstly, crude PDP was prepared from the mycelia of P. dinghuensis Bi by submerged culture. Then, the crude PDP was purified by chromatography of DEAE-52 cellulose and Sephadex G-100, resulting three purified fractions of PDP-1, PDP-2 and PDP-3. We found that the monosaccharide composition of PDP-3 was greatly different from that of PDP-1 or PDP-2. In addition, it contained the highest contents of protein, sulfate and uronic acid among the polysaccharides tested. Furthermore, PDP-3 exhibited higher antiproliferative activity against human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells in vitro than crude PDP, PDP-1 or PDP-2. At a concentration of 400 mg/L and an exposure time of 72 h, the inhibition rates for crude PDP, PDP-2 and PDP-3 were 69.36%, 73.65% and 85.78%, respectively.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 01/2011; 84(3):997-1003. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the extraction, purification, preliminary characterization, antioxidant and anticancer activities in vitro of polysaccharides from Cyclina sinensis (CSPS). Firstly, the optimal parameters for extraction of CSPS were obtained by using a central composite design as follows: extraction temperature, 90 °C; extraction time, 250 min; ratio of water to raw material, 29; and extraction times, two times. Then, the crude CSPS was sequentially purified by chromatography of DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100, resulting in three purified fractions of CSPS-1, CSPS-2 and CSPS-3. We found that the composition and property of CSPS-3, having relatively higher contents of protein, uronic acid, sulfate and more complicated monosaccharide composition, were quite different from those of CSPS-1 and CSPS-2. Furthermore, we demonstrated that CSPS-3 had strong scavenging activities in vitro on superoxide radical and hydroxyl radical and strong inhibitory effect in vitro on the growth of human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 01/2011; 84(3):851-857. · 3.48 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

41 Citations
29.07 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Huaiyin Institute of Technology
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2011–2013
    • Nanjing Agricultural University
      • College of Food Science and Technology
      Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China