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Publications (2)3.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Primary antibiotic treatment of Clostridium difficile intestinal diseases requires metronidazole or vancomycin therapy. A cluster of genes homologous to enterococcal glycopeptides resistance vanG genes was found in the genome of C. difficile 630, although this strain remains sensitive to vancomycin. This vanG-like gene cluster was found to consist of five ORFs: the regulatory region consisting of vanR and vanS and the effector region consisting of vanG, vanXY and vanT. We found that 57 out of 83 C. difficile strains, representative of the main lineages of the species, harbour this vanG-like cluster. The cluster is expressed as an operon and, when present, is found at the same genomic location in all strains. The vanG, vanXY and vanT homologs in C. difficile 630 are co-transcribed and expressed to a low level throughout the growth phases in the absence of vancomycin. Conversely, the expression of these genes is strongly induced in the presence of subinhibitory concentrations of vancomycin, indicating that the vanG-like operon is functional at the transcriptional level in C. difficile. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC-HPLC) and mass spectrometry analysis of cytoplasmic peptidoglycan precursors of C. difficile 630 grown without vancomycin revealed the exclusive presence of a UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide with an alanine at the C-terminus. UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide [D-Ala] was also the only peptidoglycan precursor detected in C. difficile grown in presence of the vancomycin, corroborating the lack of vancomycin resistance. Peptidoglycan structures of a vanG-like mutant strain and of a strain lacking the vanG-like cluster did not differ from the C. difficile 630 strain, indicating that the vanG-like cluster has also no impact on cell wall composition.
    Microbiology 05/2013; · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Meningococcal meningitis requires rapid diagnosis and immediate management which is enhanced by the use of PCR for the ascertainment of these infections. However, its use is still restricted to reference laboratories. We conducted an inter-laboratory study to assess the implementation and the performance of PCR in ten French hospital settings in 2010. Our data are in favour of this implementation. Although good performance was obtained in identifying Neisseria meningitidis positive samples, the main issue was reported in identifying other species (Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae) which are also involved in bacterial meningitis cases. Several recommendations are required and, mainly, PCR should target the major etiological agents (N. meningitidis, S. pneumonia, and H. influenzae) of acute bacterial meningitis. Moreover, PCR should predict the most frequent serogroups of Neisseria meningitidis according to local epidemiology.
    Clinical laboratory 01/2012; 58(3-4):343-6. · 0.92 Impact Factor