ABSTRACT: Loss of synapses correlates well with cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the synaptic dysfunction and loss are not well understood. Synaptic vesicle (SV) recycling is a key process for synaptic transmission. A body of evidences suggested that malfunction or loss of the machinery for SV recycling occurred in AD, which could result in disruption of neuronal circuitry. In this article, we summarized the recent progress in the research of synaptic proteins for SV recycling and the pathological changes of some proteins in AD.
Sheng li ke xue jin zhan [Progress in physiology] 02/2012; 43(1):5-10.