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Publications (2)3.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In order to investigate the expression of mRNA and protein for synaptophysin (SYP) in bovine corpus luteum (CL) during different stages of pregnancy, we chose Holstein cows during various pregnancy stages. The CL was divided into two parts, then immunohistochemical streptavidin-perosidase and RT-PCR were used to determine the levels of protein and mRNA for SYP respectively. SYP immunoreactive products mainly located in large luteal cells; much less or no immunoreactivity was found in small luteal cells. The expression levels of SYP were different in various stages of pregnancy. In the CL of mid pregnancy, the levels of protein and mRNA for SYP were both significantly higher than those in early and late stage of pregnancy (P<0.05). After parturition, compared with late stage of pregnancy, the protein level of SYP decreased (P<0.05), but its mRNA increased (P<0.05). In conclusion, SYP has the strongest expression in mid stage of pregnancy, and its regular expression in bovine CL indicates that SYP may play important roles in maintaining the function of bovine CL and in the regulation of production.
    Research in Veterinary Science 11/2012; · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is the key molecular marker for diffuse neuroendocrine system (DNES) cells, its expression in the pregnant corpus luteum (CL) of dairy goats was studied by the immunofluorescence method and the ultra structural characteristics of luteal cells were detected by the electron microscopy to identify the existence of DNES cells in the pregnant CL of dairy goats. Besides, the coding sequence of dairy goats NSE gene was cloned and its biological information was analyzed. Results revealed that NSE immunopositive cells exhibited widespread cytoplasmic staining throughout the whole pregnant CL. In addition, these cells showed typical characteristics of DNES cells in the electron microscopy. These results suggested that many DNES cells exist in the pregnant CL of dairy goats. Meanwhile, we identified the coding sequence of dairy goats NSE (GenBank Accession No. JN887466). Its nucleotide sequence homology was found to be 97.9%, 89.3%, 90% and 92.6%, respectively, compared with that of Bos taurus, Rattus norvegicus, Mus musculus and Homo sapiens, while the amino acid sequence homology was 99.1%, 97%, 97.2% and 98.2% respectively. These results first showed that the functional amino acids coded by the NSE gene were highly conserved in Caprine, B. taurus, R. norvegicus, M. musculus and H. sapiens. It was implied that the gene NSE in dairy goats had close homology to that of NSE of other species. Our findings demonstrated the possible existence of DNES cells in pregnant CL, providing new clue for further understanding of interactions between the neuroendocrine and reproductive systems. Characterization of gene sequence of dairy goats NSE will enable us to synthesize interference RNA for further study on the role of NSE on the formation, function and apoptosis of pregnant CL in dairy goats.
    Gene 05/2012; 503(2):222-8. · 2.20 Impact Factor