Takahiro Otsuki

Shizuoka University, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka-ken, Japan

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Publications (5)13.19 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neosporosis, an infectious disease of cattle and dogs, causes an abortion in cattle, which has a major damage on the dairy industry worldwide. Tracking of Neospora caninum parasite that is responsible for neosporosis is required for the prevention of this infectious disease. We developed three chimera monoclonal antibodies consist of variable regions of murine antibody and constant regions of human antibody against N. caninum. Recombinant surface antigen-related sequence 2 (rNcSRS2) of N. caninum was expressed in silkworm larvae, and immunized in mice to obtain phage displaying antibody library. Through three rounds of selection, three antibodies, A6, E1 and H3, were isolated and bound to rNcSRS2 with nanomolar to micromolar affinity. In immunofluorescent staining assays, A6 and E1 bound to N. caninum strain Nc-Liv, demonstrating a successful tracking of the parasite. H3 clone bound to rNcSRS2 but not to a truncated protein without glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor domain in the carboxyl terminal. Amino acid sequences of A6 and E1 were similar, but that of H3 differed in the CDR-H1 region, which might be the reason of their difference of affinity. These antibodies are thought to be useful for prevention of cattle from neosporosis.
    Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 10/2013; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Virus-like particles (VLPs) displaying antigen have been increasingly recognized as a potential vaccine in the livestock industry. In this study, Neospora caninum surface protein related sequence (NcSRS)2 was displayed on the surface of Rous sarcoma virus group-antigen protein (RSV-gag) VLPs. Two types of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) bacmids, encoding RSV-gag and NcSRS2 genes, were co-injected into silkworm larvae to produce VLPs-NcSRS2. At 7 days post-injection, VLPs-NcSRS2 were collected from hemolymph and purified. The antigenicity of the purified protein was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using neosporosis-positive bovine serum. ELISA revealed that ∼0.16μg rNcSRS2 was displayed per 1μg VLPs-NcSRS2.To develop an antibody specific for VLPs-NcSRS2, purified VLPs-NcSRS2 were used to immunize mice in a three-dose regimen without adjuvant and the production of antibodies was confirmed in serum samples. By using a silkworm expression system, we demonstrated the display, expression and immunization of neosporosis-targeting membrane proteins, which are vaccine candidates for neosporosis.
    Journal of Biotechnology 03/2013; · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neosporosis, caused by an intracellular parasite, Neospora caninum, is an infectious disease primarily of cattle and dogs. It occurs worldwide and causes huge damages to dairy farms. In this study, we immunized mice with recombinant surface-associated protein 1 of N. caninum (rNcSAG1) and developed two novel monoclonal antibodies, A10 and H3, against NcSAG1 using phage-display technology. Both clones bound to purified rNcSAG1 and the half maximal inhibitory concentrations of A10 and H3 are 50 and 72 nM of rNcSAG1, respectively. In immunofluorescence assays, both A10 and H3 Fabs bound to N. caninum parasites. Direct detection of N. caninum parasites was developed firstly using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with A10 and H3. Binding of A10 and H3 antibodies to rNcSAG1 was also inhibited by some certain anti-N. caninum antibodies in the neosporosis-positive cattle sera, suggesting they might bind to the same epitopes of NcSAG1 with those anti-N. caninum antibodies of bovine. These antibodies were demonstrated to have a potential for monitoring the N. caninum parasites in a dairy farm, which may lead to protect livestock from parasite-infection.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e53264. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infection of Neospora caninum causes abortion in cattle, which has a serious worldwide impact on the economic performance of the dairy and beef industries. Now, inexpensive and efficacious vaccines are required to protect cattle from neosporosis in livestock industry. In this study, N. caninum surface antigen 1 (SAG1) and SAG1-related sequence 2 (SRS2) were expressed in hemolymph of silkworm larvae as a soluble form. Expressed SAG1 and SRS2 clearly showed antigenicity against N. caninum-positive sera of cow. SAG1 and SRS2 were purified to near homogeneity from hemolymph of silkworm larvae using anti-FLAG M2 antibody agarose: approximately 1.7mg of SAG1 from 10 silkworm larvae and 370μg of SRS2 from 17 silkworm larvae. Mice that were injected by antigens induced antibodies against SAG1 and SRS2. This study indicates that it is possible that this silkworm expression system leads to a large-scale production of N. caninum-antigens with biological function and low production cost. Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) bacmid expression system paves the way to produce largely and rapidly these recombinant antigens for its application to subunit vaccines against neosporosis in cattle.
    Veterinary Parasitology 10/2012; · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neosporosis is an infectious disease primarily of cattle and dogs, caused by intracellular parasite, Neospora caninum. Neosporosis appears to be a major cause of abortion in dairy cattle worldwide and causes to huge economic loss to dairy industry. Recombinant surface associated antigen 1 (NcSAG1), NcSAG1 related sequence 2 (NcSRS2) and the dense granule antigen 2 (NcGRA2) of N. caninum were expressed either in silkworm or in Escherichia coli and purified. The purified recombinant proteins bound to the N. caninum-specific antibodies in serum samples from infected cattle as revealed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). By co-immobilizing these recombinant proteins, a novel indirect ELISA was developed for detection of neosporosis. With the use of 32 serum samples, comprising 12 positive serum samples and 20 negative serum samples, the sensitivity and specificity of the assay were found to be 91.7 and 100%, respectively. Seventy-two serum samples from dairy farms were also tested and one was diagnosed with neosporasis with both this method and a commercial assay. A diagnostic method employing recombinant proteins of N. caninum was developed. The method showed high sensitivity and specificity. Diagnostic test with field serum samples suggested its applicability to the practical diagnosis of neosporosis.
    BMC Biotechnology 05/2012; 12:19. · 2.17 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

10 Citations
309 Views
13.19 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2013
    • Shizuoka University
      • Graduate School of Science and Technology
      Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka-ken, Japan