Are you Elke Reinartz?

Claim your profile

Publications (2)6.66 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prion diseases are infectious neurodegenerative diseases affecting humans and animals. The food-borne bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) had serious impact on both economy and public health, respectively. To follow the pathogenesis of BSE, oral challenge studies were previously conducted, among others on the Isle of Riems, Germany (Balkema-Buschmann et al., 2011b). In the present work brain and plasma samples from this pathogenesis study were subjected to surface fluorescence distribution analysis (sFIDA). sFIDA is a diagnostic tool that exploits the aggregated state of the disease-related prion protein (PrP) as a biomarker for prion disorders. With the exception of one animal, all tested brain samples from clinical cattle exhibited a high titer of PrP particles. Moreover we could detect PrP aggregates already 16 and 24 months after infection. In contrast to our previous demonstration of PrP particles in blood plasma from scrapie sheep, however, no aggregates could be identified in plasma from pre-clinical and clinical cattle. This is in accordance with other studies suggesting a restriction of the BSE infection to the central nervous system.
    Veterinary Microbiology 06/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative diseases affecting humans and animals. The agent of the disease is the prion consisting mainly, if not solely, of a misfolded and aggregated isoform of the host-encoded prion protein (PrP). Transmission of prions can occur naturally but also accidentally, e.g. by blood transfusion, which has raised serious concerns about blood product safety and emphasized the need for a reliable diagnostic test. In this report we present a method based on surface-FIDA (fluorescence intensity distribution analysis), that exploits the high state of molecular aggregation of PrP as an unequivocal diagnostic marker of the disease, and show that it can detect infection in blood. To prepare PrP aggregates from blood plasma we introduced a detergent and lipase treatment to separate PrP from blood lipophilic components. Prion protein aggregates were subsequently precipitated by phosphotungstic acid, immobilized on a glass surface by covalently bound capture antibodies, and finally labeled with fluorescent antibody probes. Individual PrP aggregates were visualized by laser scanning microscopy where signal intensity was proportional to aggregate size. After signal processing to remove the background from low fluorescence particles, fluorescence intensities of all remaining PrP particles were summed. We detected PrP aggregates in plasma samples from six out of ten scrapie-positive sheep with no false positives from uninfected sheep. Applying simultaneous intensity and size discrimination, ten out of ten samples from scrapie sheep could be differentiated from uninfected sheep. The implications for ante mortem diagnosis of prion diseases are discussed.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e36620. · 3.53 Impact Factor