[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Half smooth tongue sole, Cynoglossus semilaevis (Pleuronectiformes, Cynoglossidae), is an important aquaculture species throughout coastal areas of China which has a high nutritional and economic value. Genetic linkage map is an important tool for accelerating aquatic breeding process through marker assisted selection (MAS) and quantitative trait locus (QTL). Here, 325 polymorphic microsatellite markers were explored and sex-specific genetic linkage map were constructed using these markers. The female map contained 193 markers located at 21 linkage groups, with a total length of 1041cM and an average resolution of 6.8cM; the male map contained 195 markers located at 21 linkage groups, with a total length of 1154cM and an average resolution of 7.2cM, they covered approximately 76.72% and 78.12% genomes, respectively. The recombination ratio of female/male was about 1:1.02 estimated in the sex-specific frame map. All developed microsatellite markers and this linkage map could serve as the foundation for further study in high density linkage map construction.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepcidin, an antimicrobial peptide, has a dual function including innate immunity and iron regulation. Here, based on the sequence of an EST database, we have isolated and characterized a hepcidin gene (referred to as CsHepcidin) from half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). Analysis of the coding regions indicated CsHepcidin gene comprised 3 exons and 2 introns. The putative CsHepcidin showed a great similarity to other hepcidin orthologues, particularly with respect to its 24 aa signal peptide, typical RX(K/R)R motif and eight conserved cysteine residues in the mature cationic peptide. Phylogenic analysis indicated that CsHepcidin was a hepcidin 1-type peptide of acanthopterygians, with highly homologous with Solea senegalensis hepcidin. In C. semilaevis ontogeny, CsHepcidin mRNA was detected at a low level in unfertilized eggs, increased on 6 d after hatching, and decreased remarkably at metamorphic stage. CsHepcidin transcripts showed a constitutive basal expression in most of the tissues, especially in liver. Challenge with formalin-inactivated Vibrio anguillarum led to significantly up-regulations of CsHepcidin gene in liver, head kidney and spleen in time-dependent manners. Biological activity analysis showed that recombinant CsHEP exhibited direct antimicrobial activity against bacterial pathogens in vitro, particularly showed strong activity against the principal fish pathogens, V. anguillarum and Edwardsiella tarda. All these results suggest that CsHepcidin may be involved in the initial response to invasion of microbial pathogens. Further exploration to elucidate the role of CsHepcidin in iron regulation and embryogenesis in C. semilaevis are needed.