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Publications (6)13.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: AIM: To evaluate the expression of galectin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in gastric cancer and investigate their relationships with clinicopathologic factors and prognostic significance. METHODS: Galectin-1 and VEGF were immunohistochemically investigated in tumor samples obtained from 214 gastric cancer patients with all tumor stages. Immunohistochemical analyses for galectin-1 and VEGF expression were performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of surgical specimens. The relationship between the expression and staining intensity of galectin-1 and VEGF, clinicopathologic variables, and patient survival were analyzed. All patients underwent follow-up until cancer-related death or more than five years after tumor resection. P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that 138 of 214 gastric cancer samples (64.5%) were positive for galectin-1, and 116 out of 214 gastric cancer samples (54.2%) were positive for VEGF. There was a significant association between galectin-1 and VEGF expression; VEGF was detected in 60.1% of galectin-1-positive samples and 43.4% of galectin-1-negative samples (P < 0.05). Galectin-1 expression was associated with tumor size, tumor location, stage, lymph node metastases, and VEGF expression (all P < 0.05). VEGF expression was related to tumor size, stage, and lymph node metastases (all P < 0.05). The 5-year survival rate was 56.6% for galectin-1-positive patients and 69.2% for galectin-1-negative patients, and the prognosis for galectin-1-positive patients was significantly poorer compared with galectin-1-negative patients (χ(2) = 13.880, P = 0.000). The 5-year survival rates for VEGF-positive and VEGF-negative patients were 53.4% and 70.5%, respectively (χ(2) = 4.619, P = 0.032). The overall survival rate of patients with both galectin-1 and VEGF overexpression in gastric cancer tissue samples was significantly poorer than other groups (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Galectin-1 expression was positively associated with VEGF expression. Both galectin-1 and VEGF can serve as independent prognostic indicators of poor survival for gastric cancer after gastrectomy.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2013; 19(13):2073-2079. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. To assess the safety and efficacy of temporary ileostomy and temporary colostomy after a low anterior resection for rectal cancer by comparing the postoperative complications, then investigate which type of stoma is better. Material and methods. Studies comparing temporary ileostomy with colostomy for colorectal anastomosis were searched. The rates of complications (i.e., clinical anastomotic leak or fistula, stoma prolapse, parastomal hernia, wound infection related to stoma closure, obstruction following stoma closure, and skin trouble) were pooled and compared using a meta-analysis. The risk ratios (RRs) were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results. The study included five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and seven non-randomized studies involving 1687 patients. The meta-analysis of the RCTs demonstrated a lower risk of stoma prolapse (RR 0.15; 95% CI: 0.04-0.48) in the temporary ileostomy group. Meta-analysis of the non-randomized studies showed a lower risk of stoma prolapse and wound infection after stoma closure in the temporary ileostomy group (both p < 0.05). Conclusions. Temporary ileostomy has a minor impact on patients; we endorse temporary ileostomy over colostomy after a low anterior resection for rectal cancer.
    Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology 03/2013; · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study,we investigated the ADAM8 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its correlation with clinicopathologic features,including the survival of patients with HCC. Furthermore,we examined the biological processes regulated by ADAM8 during the development of using HepG2 cell line as a model system. We used immunohistochemistry to compare ADAM8 protein expression in HCC and normal liver tissues and further analyze the ADAM8 protein expression in clinicopathologically characterized 105 HCC cases.We stably knocked down the endogenous expression level of ADAM8 in HepG2 cells with specific shRNA-expressing lentiviral vector. Following the successful establishment of stable cells,we examined in vitro cell growth by MTT assay,anchorage-independent growth by soft-agar colony formation assay and cell migration/invasion by transwell and boyden chamber assay. And in addition,we also investigated the in vivo tumor growth by xenograft transplantation of HepG2 cells into nude mice. Protein expression level of ADAM8 was markedly higher in HCC tissues than that in the normal liver tissues (P = 0.0058).In addition,high expression of ADAM8 protein was positively correlated with serum AFP elevation,tumor size,histological differentiation,tumor recurrence,tumor metastasis,and tumor stage. Patients with higher ADAM8 expression showed a significantly shorter overall survival time than patients with low ADAM8 expression. Multivariate analysis suggested that ADAM8 expression might be an independent prognostic indicator (p = 0.016) for the survival of patients with HCC. ADAM8-specific shRNA (shADAM8) successfully knocked down its endogenous expression in HepG2 cells. Compared to the parental and control shRNA-transfected (shCtrl) HepG2 cells,the shADAM8 cells exhibited significantly reduced in vitro cell growth,anchorage-independent growth,cell migration and invasion (p < 0.05).In vivo,the xenograft transplants from shADAM8 cells gave rise to much smaller tumors as compared to those from shCtrl cells. High ADAM8 expression is associated with poor overall survival in patients with HCC. Down-regulation of ADAM8 inhibits the growth,anchorage-independent growth,migration and invasion of HepG2 cells. ADAM8 may be a potential target of antiangiogenic therapy for HCC.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 09/2012; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between ADAM8 tissue expression and patient prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: ADAM8 expression was analyzed using immunohistochemical staining methods on tissue samples from a consecutive series of 105 HCC patients who underwent resections between 2000 and 2006. The correlation of ADAM8 expression and patients' clinicopathological parameters was evaluated. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional hazards model. RESULTS: ADAM8 was highly expressed in 54.3% of the HCC patients. The ADAM8 expression level was closely associated with serum AFP elevation, tumor size, histological differentiation, tumor recurrence, tumor metastasis, and tumor stage. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that a high expression level of ADAM8 resulted in a significantly poor prognosis of HCC patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that ADAM8 expression level was an independent prognostic parameter for the overall survival rate of HCC patients. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that a high expression level of ADAM8 serves as a biomarker for poor prognosis for HCC. Thus, we speculate that ADAM8 may be a potential target of antiangiogenic therapy for HCC.
    The surgeon: journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland 08/2012; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HOXA1 overexpression is sufficient for malignant transformation of nontumorigenic epithelial cells. It is known that HOXA1, which was upregulated in squamous cell carcinomas, affects both cell growth and death. The forced expression of HOXA1 in human breast cancer cells results in increased cell growth activity. However, it has not been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to compare HOXA1 protein expression in HCC and normal liver tissues and further analyzed HOXA1 protein expression in 156 clinicopathologically characterized HCC cases. We stably knocked down the endogenous expression level of HOXA1 in HepG2 cells with specific shRNA-expressing lentiviral vector. Following the successful establishment of stable cells, we examined in vitro cell growth by the MTT assay, anchorage-independent growth through a soft agar colony formation assay and cell migration/invasion by transwell and Boyden chamber assay. In addition, we also investigated in vivo tumor growth by xenograft transplantation of HepG2 cells into nude mice. Our results showed that the protein expression level of HOXA1 was markedly higher in HCC tissues than that in normal liver tissue (P = 0.019). In addition, a high expression level of HOXA1 protein was positively correlated with the T classification (P < 0.001), the N classification (P < 0.001), distant metastasis (P = 0.004), and the clinical stage (P < 0.001) of HCC patients. Patients with higher HOXA1 expression showed a significantly shorter overall survival time compared with patients with low HOXA1 expression. Multivariate analysis suggested that HOXA1 expression might be an independent prognostic indicator (P < 0.001) for the survival of patients with HCC. HOXA1-specific shRNA (shHOXA1) successfully knocked down HOXA1 endogenous expression in HepG2 cells. Compared to the parental and control shRNA-transfected (shCtrl) HepG2 cells, the shHOXA1 cells exhibited significantly reduced in vitro cell growth, anchorage-independent growth, and cell migration and invasion (P < 0.05). In vivo, the xenograft transplants from shHOXA1 cells gave rise to much smaller tumors compared with those from shCtrl cells. Collectively, high HOXA1 expression is associated with poor overall survival in patients with HCC. The downregulation of HOXA1 inhibits growth, anchorage-independent growth, and migration and invasion of HepG2 cells.
    Tumor Biology 08/2012; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and prognostic significance of RIN1 in gastric adenocarcinoma. RIN1 expression was analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), Western blotting, and immunohistochemical staining on tissue samples from a consecutive series of 315 gastric adenocarcinoma patients who underwent tumor resections between 2003 and 2006. The relationship between RIN1 expression, clinicopathological factors, and patient survival was investigated. qRT-PCR results showed that the RIN1 mRNA expression was higher in tumor tissue samples than in the adjacent normal tissues, and a corresponding increase in protein expression was confirmed by Western blotting. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that RIN1 is highly expressed in 54.3 % of gastric adenocarcinomas. RIN1 expression levels were closely associated with tumor size, histological differentiation, tumor stage, and lymph node involvement. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that high RIN1 expression exhibited a significant correlation with poor prognosis for gastric adenocarcinoma patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that RIN1 expression is an independent prognostic parameter for the overall survival rate of gastric adenocarcinoma patients. Our data suggest that RIN1 plays an important role in gastric adenocarcinoma progression and that a high RIN1 expression predicts an unfavorable prognosis in gastric adenocarcinoma patients.
    Tumor Biology 05/2012; 33(5):1557-63. · 2.52 Impact Factor