[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spiro-pyrazolidinedione derivatives without quaternary chiral center were discovered by structure-based drug design and characterized as potent acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) inhibitors. The high metabolic stability of the spiro-pyrazolo[1,2-a]pyridazine scaffold and enhancement of the activity by incorporation of a 7-methoxy group on the benzothiophene core successfully led to the identification of compound 4c as an orally bioavailable and highly potent ACC inhibitor. Oral administration of 4c significantly decreased the values of the respiratory quotient in rats, indicating the stimulation of fatty acid oxidation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spiro-lactone (S)-1 is a potent acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) inhibitor and was found to be metabolically liable in human hepatic microsomes. To remove one of the risk factors in human study by improving the metabolic stability, we focused on modifying the spiro-lactone ring and the benzothiophene portion of the molecule. Spiro-imide derivative 8c containing a 6-methylthieno[2,3-b]pyridine core exhibited potent ACC inhibitory activity and favorable pharmacokinetic profiles in rats.