[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT:
Polymer implants are interesting alternatives to the contemporary load-bearing implants made from metals. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK), a well-established biomaterial for example, is not only iso-elastic to bone but also permits investigating the surrounding soft tissues using magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography, which is particularly important for cancer patients. The commercially available PEEK bone implants, however, require costly coatings, which restricts their usage. As an alternative to coatings, plasma activation can be applied. The present paper shows the plasma-induced preparation of nanostructures on polymer films and on injection-molded micro-cantilever arrays and the associated chemical modifications of the surface. In vitro cell experiments indicate the suitability of the activation process. In addition, we show that microstructures such as micro-grooves 1 mu m deep and 20 mu m wide cause cell alignment. The combination of micro-injection molding, simultaneous microstructuring using inserts/bioreplica and plasma treatments permits the preparation of polymer implants with nature-analogue, anisotropic micro-and nanostructures.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 01/2012; 8339:83390Q. DOI:10.1117/12.915235 · 0.20 Impact Factor