[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The phosphoinositide 3-kinase family catalyzes the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-diphosphate to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate, a secondary messenger which plays a critical role in important cellular functions such as metabolism, cell growth, and cell survival. Our efforts to identify potent, efficacious, and orally available phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors as potential cancer therapeutics have resulted in the discovery of 4-(2-((6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)amino)-5-((4-(methylsulfonyl)piperazin-1-yl)methyl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-amine (1). In this paper, we describe the optimization of compound 1, which led to the design and synthesis of pyridyltriazine 31, a potent pan inhibitor of class I PI3Ks with a superior pharmacokinetic profile. Compound 31 was shown to potently block the targeted PI3K pathway in a mouse liver pharmacodynamic model and inhibit tumor growth in a U87 malignant glioma glioblastoma xenograft model. On the basis of its excellent in vivo efficacy and pharmacokinetic profile, compound 31 was selected for further evaluation as a clinical candidate and was designated AMG 511.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A highly selective series of inhibitors of the class I phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) has been designed and synthesized. Starting from the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor 5, a structure-based approach was used to improve potency and selectivity, resulting in the identification of 54 as a potent inhibitor of the class I PI3Ks with excellent selectivity over mTOR, related phosphatidylinositol kinases, and a broad panel of protein kinases. Compound 54 demonstrated a robust PD-PK relationship inhibiting the PI3K/Akt pathway in vivo in a mouse model, and it potently inhibited tumor growth in a U-87 MG xenograft model with an activated PI3K/Akt pathway.