C. Ohlmann

University of Cologne, Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (33)33.49 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The anti-androgen withdrawal syndrome (AAWS) can be seen in one-third of patients after discontinuation of first-generation non-steroidal anti-androgen therapy. With the introduction of new agents for anti-androgen therapy as well as alternate mechanisms of action, new therapeutic options before and after docetaxel chemotherapy have arisen (Ohlmann et al. in World J Urol 30(4):495-503, 2012). The question regarding the occurrence of an enzalutamide withdrawal syndrome (EWS) has not been evaluated yet. In this study, we assess prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response after discontinuation of enzalutamide. In total 31 patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) underwent an enzalutamide withdrawal and were evaluated. Data were gathered from 6 centres in Germany. Patients with continuous oral administration of enzalutamide with rising serum PSA levels were evaluated, starting from enzalutamide withdrawal until subsequent therapy was initiated, follow-up ended or death of the patient occurred. Statistical evaluation was performed applying one-sided binomial testing using R-statistical software, version 3.0.1. Mean withdrawal follow-up was 6.5 weeks (range 1-26.1 weeks). None of the 31 patients showed a PSA decline. Mean relative PSA rise over all patients was 73.9 % (range 0.5-440.7 %) with a median of 44.9 %. If existent, an AAWS is at least very rare for enzalutamide in patients with mCRPC after taxane-based chemotherapy and does not play a clinical role in this setting. This may be attributed to the different pharmacodynamics of enzalutamide. Longer duration of therapy or a longer withdrawal interval may reveal a rare EWS in the future.
    World Journal of Urology 04/2014; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: There is evidence from large abdominal surgeries and some open cystectomy series that multifactorial fast-track regimens shorten postoperative convalescence without any effect on morbidity and mortality. Such a regimen is of particular interest in combination with minimally invasive techniques, as early patient recovery demands for more rapid nutrition and mobilisation schemes. The present study, in a single institution, reports on the design, application and results of a fast-track protocol in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy. There was no evidence of a higher incidence of complications with the fast-track regimen and postoperative recovery was faster. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a multifactorial fast-track (FT) regimen on perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy (RALC) with extracorporeal urinary diversion. To point out that morbidity and mortality of radical cystectomy have improved markedly over the last decades and RALC is an emerging technique showing further advances in postoperative recovery, thus demanding for more rapid nutrition and mobilisation schemes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A non-randomised cohort study of 63 patients who underwent RALC at one institution between January 2007 and March 2010. In all, 31 patients underwent RALC without FT and 31 RALC with FT. One patient required conversion to open surgery and was therefore excluded from the study. The FT regimen included early nutrition and the quickest possible mobilisation, while mechanical bowel preparation before surgery, as well as preoperative fasting and nasogastric or abdominal drains after surgery, were omitted. Demographics, perioperative and complication data (according to modified Clavien system), as well as required opioid pain medication were documented prospectively and compared between RALC patients with and without FT. RESULTS: Groups were comparable for demographics, risk factors and clinical stage as well as operative parameters, e.g. mean operating room time, estimated blood loss, lymph nodes removed and postoperative haemoglobin level. In the FT group, abdominal drains were mostly omitted and nasogastric tubes were removed immediately after surgery. There were significant differences in the mobilisation within the room (17.5 vs 31.2 h), the time to a regular diet (4.0 vs 6.6 days) and a remarkably lower use of postoperative morphine equivalents (57.3 vs 92.4 mg) for patients receiving FT. There were no significant differences in the overall complication rates or major complications based on Clavien classification. The informative value of the study is limited by its single-centre, non-randomised design, a relatively small sample size and a possible learning curve bias. CONCLUSIONS: Combining RALC with FT is feasible in the perioperative treatment of these patients. Multifactorial postoperative regimens seem to quicken postoperative recovery of RALC patients without increasing their risk of postoperative complications.
    BJU International 11/2012; · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Emerging evidence suggest that microRNAs could serve as non-invasive biomarker for cancer patients. Our study was designed to analyze circulating serum microRNAs in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Serum RNA was isolated from patients with clear cell RCC (ccRCC) and non-malignant disease; an artificial microRNA (cel-miR-39) was spiked-in prior the isolation procedure to control isolation efficiency. The levels of miR-26a-2*, miR-191, miR-337-3p and miR-378 in serum were determined using quantitative real-time PCR; the microRNA levels were normalized to cel-miR-39. First, miR-26a-2*, miR-191, miR-337-3p and miR-378 were quantified in serum of each 25 patients with ccRCC and non-malignant disease. The level of miR-378 was significantly increased in ccRCC patients, and thus chosen for validation. The analysis of miR-378 in the validation cohort with 117 RCC patients and 123 control subjects did not confirm a different level of miR-378. Also, miR-378 was not correlated to pT-stage, lymph node/distant metastasis, vascular invasion and Fuhrman grade. The analysis of circulating serum levels of miR-26a-2*, miR-191, miR-337-3p and miR-378 is unlikely to provide helpful diagnostic/prognostic information in RCC patients.
    Cancer epidemiology. 04/2012; 36(4):391-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The standard therapy for muscle invasive bladder cancer is radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. For open surgery this procedure has notable perioperative morbidity. Performing laparoscopic cystectomy can reduce this morbidity. So far it remains unclear, whether the oncologic outcome of the laparoscopic approach is comparable to open surgery or not due to a lack of long-term follow-up data. Important surgical steps, such as extended lymphadenectomy, sparing of the neurovascular bundle for preservation of potency, preparation of the urethra for orthotopic neobladder and intracorporeal construction of a urinary diversion can be achieved much more easily with a robot-assisted approach than with conventional laparoscopy. Furthermore, the learning curve for robot-assisted cystectomy is much steeper. Therefore, if a laparoscopic cystectomy is performed, it should be performed using a robot-assisted approach.
    Der Urologe 04/2012; 51(5):679-81. · 0.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ibandronate, one of the most potent bisphosphonates, has been shown to inhibit growth of various cancer cell lines. In contrast, little is known about the effects of ibandronate on prostate cancer cells. Therefore the aim of our study was to characterize the effects of ibandronate alone and in combination with docetaxel on the growth of prostate cancer cell lines and to identify the underlying signalling pathways. Material and methods. The prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and PC-3 were treated with increasing concentrations of ibandronate and docetaxel alone and in combination. Viable cell number was measured after five days using a hemocytometer and the MTT-method. The effects of ibandronate were tentatively antagonized by addition of farnesyl-pyrophosphate (FPP) or farnesol (FOH). Results. Ibandronate inhibits growth of both prostate cancer cell lines in a dose dependent manner. In combination with docetaxel, synergistic effects are found as evidenced by a combination index (CI) of <1. Addition of FOH and FPP completely antagonized the growth inhibitory effects of ibandronate on both cell lines. Surprisingly, in combination with ibandronate and docetaxel, FOH further increased growth inhibition instead of antagonizing the growth inhibitory effects of ibandronate. Furthermore, FOH alone appeared to be a potent inhibitor of tumor cell growth. Discussion. Ibandronate effectively inhibits growth of prostate cancer cell lines via inhibition of the farnesyl-IPP-synthase and exhibits synergistic effects with docetaxel. In addition, FOH is a potent inhibitor of prostate cancer cell lines and may display an interesting treatment option for patients with CRPC.
    Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 01/2011; 50(1):127-33. · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to improve the efficacy of targeted therapy trials, the expression profiles of several molecular markers that are potential candidates for targeted therapy were analyzed in patients with progressive castration-resistant prostate cancer. Paraffin-embedded samples of tumor tissue from 51 patients obtained from biopsies of metastases or remaining prostates were analyzed immunohistochemically for the expression of EGFR, PDGFRβ, Her-2/neu, c-Kit, and VEGF. Staining was analyzed according to the percentage of positively stained tumor cells and the intensity of staining. According to the different cut-off values of 10%, 30%, 50%, or 70% for the percentage of positively stained cells, different rates of expression were found. Expression rates ranged from 30.6% to 61.2% for EGFR, from 34.7% to 57.1% for PDGFRβ, from 9.6% to 28.8% for Her-2/neu, from 12.5% to 22.4% for c-Kit, and from 51.1% to 74.5% for VEGF. Defining positive expression as ≥ 30% positively stained tumor cells, with an intensity of staining of ≥ 2+, resulted in positive expression of EGFR in 38.8%, PDGFRβ in 24.5%, Her-2/neu in 13.5%, c-Kit in 6.4%, and VEGF in 44.7% of the patients. Our results demonstrate simultaneous expression of several markers in castration-resistant prostate cancer tissue. Translation of the results into modern, multi-arm clinical trial designs will improve the efficacy of recruiting and obtaining results, compared with multiple double-arm trials.
    Urologic Oncology 11/2009; 29(6):664-9. · 3.65 Impact Factor
  • Carsten-Henning Ohlmann
    European Urology 02/2009; 57(2):325-6. · 10.48 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2007; 6(2):218-218.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2007; 6(2):219-219.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2007; 6(2):57-57.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2007; 6(2):96-96.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2007; 6(2):229-229.
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    05/2006: pages 145-300;
  • Carsten-Henning Ohlmann
    Aktuelle Urologie 04/2006; 37(2):148-52; quiz 153-4. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although technically challenging, salvage radical prostatectomy (SRP) for radiorecurrent prostate cancer (PCA) is an effective option in carefully selected patients and offers the chance for cure and long-term survival. Sometimes local progression of PCA with subvesical obstruction following radiation therapy requires radical cystoprostatectomy or bladder-preserving urinary diversion. We present our experience with salvage radical prostatectomy in a group of 28 consecutive patients. Between January 2003 and August 2005, 25 patients underwent radical salvage surgery for locally recurrent PCA following external beam radiation (n=14), high-dose brachytherapy (n=8), and low-dose brachytherapy (n=6). All men had biopsy-proved recurrent or persistent PCA associated with PSA progression following radiation therapy. Preoperative imaging studies included bone scintigraphy and computed tomography without evidence of metastatic disease. Of the 28 men, 11 (39%) presented with bothersome irritative voiding dysfunction and rectal discomfort. Life expectancy was >10 years in all cases. We analyzed preoperative symptoms, treatment-associated morbidity, pathohistological findings, and functional and oncological outcome after a mean follow-up of 12.5 (2-29) months. SRP was performed in all cases without significant intra- and perioperative complications: no rectal lacerations or ureteral lesions were encountered and mean blood loss was 520 (200-950) ml. A total of 21 (75%) men underwent SRP: in 4 cases radical cystoprostatectomy was necessary due to bladder neck infiltration and in 3 men SRP with bladder neck closure and continent appendicovesicostomy was performed due to preexisting urinary stress incontinence. All men with subvesical obstruction experienced significant relief of urgency and significant irritative voiding dysfunction following radical salvage surgery. Pathohistological analysis of the prostatectomy specimen revealed pT1-2b PCA in 19 (67.8%), pT3a/b PCA in 5 (17.8%), and lymph node metastasis or positive surgical margins in 7% of the patients. Two patients demonstrated a pT0 despite positive preoperative biopsies, and 20% demonstrated a Gleason score 8-10. With regard to functional outcome, 25% of the men need 2-3 pads daily whereas 78% of the men are continent. After a mean follow-up of 12.5 (2-29) months, two patients with pT3b and pN1 status exhibit a PSA relapse. Salvage RP or RCx is a technically challenging but feasible surgical approach with curative intent for the treatment of locally recurrent PCA in well selected patients preventing significant local complications such as subvesical obstruction, ureteral obstruction, hematuria, and rectal infiltration. Surgery-associated morbidity and complications are low and not comparable to earlier series. The indication for salvage RP requires positive biopsy and negative imaging studies.
    Der Urologe 04/2006; 45(4):474-81. · 0.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 1999, interdisciplinary evidence-based guidelines were elaborated for treatment of germ cell tumors in Germany. The aims of the current study were to analyze failures in diagnosis and therapy and to demonstrate the influence of guidelines on individual therapeutic approaches and clinical outcome. Therefore, patient collectives treated before the introduction of guidelines (Group A, 1990-1999, n = 234) and those thereafter (Group B, 2000-2002, n = 84) were compared for recurrence and survival. In both groups, medical and/or surgical treatment and clinical outcome were evaluated for therapeutic mistakes and violations of guidelines. These were analyzed for their clinical consequences. There was no significant difference between groups concerning median age of patients or clinical stage before therapy. Altogether, 27.8% and 8.3% of all patients in Group A and B, respectively, displayed therapeutic mistakes (P < 0.005); 63% of these patients in Group A and 100% of these patients in Group B received an overtreatment. In Group A, 19/234 (8.1%) patients relapsed and 53% of these patients had been treated insufficiently (P < 0.005). Advanced disease caused the death of 3/234 patients in this study. As of this writing, only 3 of 84 (3.6%) patients in Group B have relapsed, and no patient has died because of tumor or consecutive treatment. The integration of interdisciplinary evidence-based guidelines for treatment of testicular germ cell tumors has led to significant reduction of both overtreatment and treatment failure and/or relapse that were due to inappropriate primary therapy. Evidence-based guidelines should serve as internal quality controls in all institutions treating patients with testicular germ cell tumors.
    Cancer 01/2006; 106(2):313-9. · 5.20 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2006; 5(2):23-23.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2006; 5(2):259-259.
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    ABSTRACT: Radical nephrectomy displays the standard procedure for patients with localized renal cell carcinoma. The transperitoneal approach is often favored compared to the retroperitoneal approach because of the early ligation of the renal vessels, thereby tumor cell shedding by manipulation of the tumor is thought to be avoided. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of the surgical technique on intraoperative tumor cell shedding. Furthermore, we evaluated the clinical course of the patients being operated on with either method in terms of complications, postoperative recovery, and hospital stay. A total of 55 consecutive patients with renal tumors suspicious for malignancies were evaluated for this study. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 44 patients at admission, intraoperatively (before and after kidney removal), and before discharge. Ribonucleic acid was extracted, converted to complementary deoxyribonucleic acid, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with primers specific for G250/MNCA-9 was performed. Data regarding the clinical course of the patients were analyzed retrospectively by reviewing patient files. The clinical course for patients undergoing retroperitoneal nephrectomy was statistically different compared to the transperitoneal approach group regarding operating time and duration of drains, favoring the retroperitoneal approach group. Evaluation of MNCA-9 RT-PCR revealed no difference according to operative technique, tumor-nodes-metastasis, or clinical tumor stage. Despite this result, we found positive RT-PCR signals for MNCA-9 in patients with transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and benign renal lesions. There is no clinical relevant difference between the transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches for radical nephrectomy. Furthermore, the retroperitoneal approach does not bear the risk of intraoperative tumor cell shedding by the handling of the tumor.
    Urologic Oncology 01/2006; 24(4):287-93. · 3.65 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2006; 5(2):156-156.

Publication Stats

103 Citations
33.49 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2011
    • University of Cologne
      • Department of Neurology
      Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    • Philipps-Universität Marburg
      • Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie (Marburg)
      Marburg, Hesse, Germany