ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the immune response elicited by a Ub-fused Ag85A DNA vaccine against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. BALB/c mice were vaccinated with plasmid DNA encoding Ag85A protein, Ub-fused Ag85A DNA vaccine (UbGR-Ag85A) and negative DNA vaccines, respectively. Ag85A DNA vaccine immunization induced a Th(l)-polarized immune response. The production of Th(l)-type cytokine (IFN-γ) and proliferative T cell responses was enhanced significantly in mice immunized with UbGR-Ag85A fusion DNA vaccine, compared with non-fusion DNA vaccine. Moreover, this fusion DNA vaccine also resulted in an increased relative ratio of IgG(2a) to IgG(l) and the cytotoxicity of T cells. IFN-γ intracellular staining of splenocytes indicated that UbGR-Ag85A fusion DNA vaccine activated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, particularly CD8(+) T cells. Thus, this study demonstrated that the UbGR-Ag85A fusion DNA vaccine inoculation could improve antigen-specific cellular immune responses, which is helpful for protection against TB infection.
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 04/2012; 76(2):123-30. · 2.23 Impact Factor