ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the role of phospholipase D1 (PLD1) in basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) expression and neurite outgrowth in H19-7 rat hippocampal neuronal progenitor cells. Overexpression of PLD1 increased bFGF-induced NT-3 expression, and dominant-negative-PLD1 or PLD1 siRNA abolished bFGF-induced NT-3 expression and neurite outgrowth. Treatment with bFGF activated the RhoA/Rho-associated kinase (ROCK)/c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway, and bFGF-induced NT-3 expression was blocked by a dominant-negative RhoA as well as by a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor (Y27632) and a SAPK/JNK inhibitor (SP600125). Furthermore, bFGF-induced JNK activation was also blocked by Y27632. These results indicate that the RhoA/ROCK/JNK pathway acts as an upstream signaling pathway in bFGF-induced NT-3 expression. Also, phosphatidic acid, the product of PLD, increased NT-3 expression. We found that PLD regulated the RhoA/ROCK/JNK pathway, which then led to Elk-1 transactivation. When Elk-1 activity was blocked by Elk-1 siRNA, bFGF-induced NT-3 expression and neurite outgrowth decreased. NT-3 overexpression increased neurite outgrowth, indicating that NT-3 is important for neurite outgrowth. Taken together, these results suggest that PLD1 is an important regulator of bFGF-induced NT-3 expression and neurite outgrowth, which are mediated by the RhoA/ROCK/JNK pathway via Elk-1 in H19-7 cells.
Molecular Neurobiology 04/2012; 45(3):507-19. · 5.74 Impact Factor